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ECONOMIC MODEL

Syed Dawar Ameer Zaidi


Asad Khan
Muhammad Uzair
Muhammad Maaz Anwer
M.Hassan Zakai

(20172)
(20066)
(19851)
(18350)
(25216)

Overview
GDP
Net Export
Investment
Relationship b/w GDP and Net Export and
Investment
Statistical and Graphical interpretation

DEPENDENT AND INDEPENDENT


VARIABLE
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
GDP
INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
Net Export
Investment

GDP
Gross Domestic Product-GDP' The

monetary value of all the finished goods and


services produced within a country's borders
in a specific time period, thoughGDPis
usually calculated on an annual basis
GDP Growth

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT


12000

10284.8
10000

9660.6
9089.2
8608.5
8100.2

8000

7664.1
7308.8
6539.3

6878.7
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

6174
6000

4000

2000

0
1

10

[Billions of
Year
dollars] GROSS DOMESTIC

Net exports of goods and


services

PRODUCT

1990

5979.6

-77.9

993.5

1991

6174

-28.6

944.3

1992

6539.3

-34.7

1013

1993

6878.7

-65.2

1106.8

1994

7308.8

-92.5

1256.5

1995

7664.1

-89.8

1317.5

1996

8100.2

-96.4

1432.1

1997

8608.5

-102

1595.6

1998

9089.2

-162.7

1735.3

1999

9660.6

-256.6

1884.2

2000

10284.8

-375.8

2033.8

Gross private domestic investment

Export
In International Trade, "exports" refers to

selling goods and services produced in the


home country to other markets.Exportof
commercial quantities of goods normally
requires involvement of the customs
authorities in both the country ofexportand
the country of import.

Relationship of Export with GDP


12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
-2000

10

11

Investment
An asset or item that is purchased with the

hope that it will generate income or appreciate


in the future. In an economic sense, an
investment is the purchase of goods that are
not consumed today but are used in the future
to create wealth. In finance, an investment is a
monetary asset purchased with the idea that
the asset will provide income in the future or
appreciate and be sold at a higher price.

Gross private domestic investment


2500

2033.8
2000

1884.2
1735.3
1595.6

1500

1432.1
1256.5

1317.5

Gross private domestic investment

1106.8
1000

944.3

1013

500

0
1

10

Relationship of Investment with


GDP

14000

2033.8

12000
1884.2
1735.3

10284.8

1595.6

10000

9660.6

1432.1
9089.2

1317.5

8608.5

1256.5
8000

8100.2

1106.8
1013
944.3

6000 6174

6539.3

7308.8

7664.1
Gross private domestic investment

6878.7

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

4000

2000

0
1

10

12000

10284.8
10000

9660.6
9089.2
8608.5
8100.2

8000

7664.1
7308.8
6878.7
6539.3

6000

5979.6

6174
GDP (Billions of $)
Net exports of goods and services
Gross private domestic investment

4000

2000
993.5

944.3

1013

1106.8

1432.1
1256.5 1317.5

1595.6

1735.3

1884.2

2033.8

0
1990

-2000

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

REGRESSION METHOD
Regression analysis is the statistical process

for estimating the relationship among


variables.
It includes many techniques for modeling and
analyzing several variables.
Regression analysis is the process in which we
check the impact or effect of independent
variable on dependent variable

Regression analysis:
Model Summary

Model
1

R
.999

R Square
.998

a. Predictors: (Constant), investment, export

Adjusted R Square
.998

Std. Error of the


Estimate
62.69384

ANOVAb
Model
1

Regression
Residual
Total

Sum of
Squares
16823380.415

df

Mean Square
2 8411690.207

27513.621

16850894.036

a. Predictors: (Constant), investment, export


b. Dependent Variable: gdp

3930.517

F
2140.097

Sig.
.000a

Coefficientsa
Unstandardized
Coefficients
Model
1

a.

B
Std. Error
(Constant) 2833.446
144.312

export
-.235
investmen
3.608
t
Dependent Variable: gdp

.472
.138

Standardiz
ed
Coefficient
s
Beta

t
19.634

Sig.
.000

-.019
-.497
.982 26.238

.634
.000

95.0% Confidence
Interval for B
Lower
Upper
Bound
Bound
2492.202 3174.691
-1.351
3.283

.881
3.933