55 tayangan

Diunggah oleh JunaidKhan

- Variance
- SSRN-id1311761
- Trial Size
- 004 001 001 Measuring Stand-Alone Risk GMc 003
- STI0903 - PSD Postprocessing 2
- Math 103 02 Central Tendency and Spread_1
- Chap_8A 10 Waiting Line
- _Measurements of hydrodynamic forces_ surface pressure_ and wake for obliquely towed tanker model and uncertainty analysis for CFD validation
- Eco 550 Midterm Exam Part 1 & 2 (50 Questions)
- Pareto
- initial report
- Detailed Lesson Plan in Assessment of Learning 1
- bbaldi_ips_chapter01
- CGP as Level Maths Revision and Practice
- Portfolio Selection
- Ass_6_class.docx
- Unit I & II
- Statistical Calculations Using Calculators
- Stat
- r059210501-probability-and-statistics

Anda di halaman 1dari 89

Quantitative

Methods Class

Instructor: Ms . Ayesha N. Rao

Instructors Profile

Done several projects of Time-Series with Pakistan

of Revenue (CBR) and Federal Bureau of Statistics (FBS).

PhD in progress

Hold a M.Phil in Statistics

Hold a M.Sc in Statistics

Publications

1. Zahid Asghar and Ayesha Nazuk. Iran-Pakistan-India

Theoretic Framework. The Pakistan Development

Review,Vol. 46, No. 4, Part II (2007) pp. 537550.

2. Ayesha Nazuk and Javid Shabbir. A New Mixed

Randomized Response Model, Proceedings of the

European conferences on Quality in Official

Statistics- Q2010, Held in Finlanda Hall, Helsinki,

Finland (4th-6th May 2010).

3. Estimating the proportion of liars in NUST, NUST

Journal of Business and Finance.

.For details type AYESHA NAZUK in Google.

More Pulblications

4. Ayesha Nazuk, Fiza Amer, Quratulain Tanvir, Saba Nawaz, Sahar Zahid

Sector Institutes of Rawalpindi/Islamabad, International Journal of

Management Sciences and Business Research, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 5672.

5. Ayesha Nazuk, Sadia Nadir and Javid Shabbir, (2013), Adjustment of

the auxiliary variable for estimation of a finite population mean, article

accepted for publication in Lahore Journal of Operations Research and

Statistics.

6. Ayesha Nazuk, Yusra Siddiquii, Maha Gul, Rana Iradat Shareef, Meraj

Murtaza and Raza Abbas Rajput, Analysis of Cheating disorder among

university students through Randomized Response Technique,

International Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences Vol. 3, No.3;

2013, pp. 15-22.

7. Book review of "Bio-statistical Analysis" by Jerrold H. Zar, NUST Journal

of Business and Economics, Vol 2 No. 2, pp. 98-99.

Workshop Conducted

Registered with PDC NUST and have organized several

Trained the faculty of NUST Business School with tools of

Econometrics.

Trained the faculty of AIOU with SPSS.

Have delivered guest lectures in various

universities/organizations.

Student Consultation

Students are expected to go through the class

case of a problem, you are welcome to

contact me on;

Appointment Hours are posted on LMS. Or

appointment on office phone i:e 90853560.

Mid-Term =

30

Terminal

Exam=40

Assignments= 15

Quizzes= 15

Marking

Scheme

In case of

Term Paper

marks for

assig will be

scaled down.

Contact Details

Ms. Ayesha N. Rao

Office: Room 310, NBS Faculty

Block.

Phone: +92-51-9085-3560

E-mail:

ayesha.nazuk@nbs.edu.pk or

ayesha.nazuk@s3h.nust.edu.pk

COURSE OBJECTIVES

This

course

provides

an

introduction to theoretical and

applied statistics and Mathematics

for business and economics. The

main objective is to stress the

importance of applying statistical

analysis to the solution of common

business problems.

Text Book

- will be uploaded on LMS soon.

Assignments

Students are recommended to make a

students) and are strongly encouraged to

study together to solve homework problems.

Submit assignments in group. NO

INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENTS.

2-3

quizzes,

mid-term

exam

and

class during the semester.

Quizzes, of course, will be solved

independently.

Review Worksheets

If required, review worksheets will be posted

on LMS.

You are encouraged to solve and discuss

Make-Up Quiz

There will be no make-ups for missed

Late assignments will not be accepted.

DO NOT REQUEST FOR THIS.

Make-up quiz may be given under extreme

circumstances.

For such request please

submit a written application.

Absentees are

supposed

To cover previous lecture and do not come in

class- unprepared.

It has been noticed in past few semesters that

lecture.

Such behavior is not at all welcome.

CLASSROOM POLICY

You should not talk to other students during

lectures unless directed to do so by the

instructor.

Brief discussions, in a decent low voice, to

ensure understanding may be done.

Please turn off Cell Phones, Beepers, ipods or Pagers.

Course Outline

Measures of Central Tendency &

Dispersion

Range, Skewness, Kurtosis, Variance &

Standard Deviation

Course Outline

Probability

Probability

Rules of Probability

The Rule of Complements

Addition Law & Mutually Exclusive Events

Conditional Probability

Independence of Events

Product Rules for independent events

Course Outline

Probability Distributions

Normal distribution

Student-t distribution

Course Outline

Hypothesis Testing

Type I & Type II Errors, Computing the p-Value

One-tailed & Two-tailed Tests

Tests of the Mean of a Normal Distribution:

Tests of the Mean of a Normal Distribution:

Population variance unknown

Course Outline

Hypothesis Testing II

Population

Tests of the Difference Between Two

Population Proportions

Tests of the Equality of the Variances Between

Two Normally Distributed Populations

Course Outline

Regression & Correlation Analysis

Regression versus Correlation

Regression versus Causation

Classical Linear Regression Model &

Assumptions

Method of Ordinary Least Squares

Method of Logistic Regression

Course Outline

Differentiation

Concepts of Derivatives

Rules of Derivatives

Examples & Practice

Applications in Business

Course Outline

Optimization

Course Outline

Depreciation &/or Annuities

Straight-line-method, Sum-of-year-digit

Production Method & The MARC Method

Annuities, Sinking Funds

Course Outline

Markup

Markup on Cost

Markup on Selling Price, Relationships

between markups

Markdown and Shrinkage

Course Outline

Discounts

Trade discount, Trade discount series

Cash discounts, Discounts and Freight terms

Scales of

Measurem

ent

names, names of cities, CNIC numbers, roll

numbers of students provided that they are

not assigned as per merit. All arithmetic

operations are invalid.

Ordinal data is for naming with a sense of

ranking. Level of management from low to

high. Numbers on the back of cricketers

provided that they are based on ICC

ranking.

Scales of

Measurem

ent

got a true zero point. The Fahrenheit and

Celsius scales of temperatures are both

examples of data at the interval level of

measurement. You can talk about 30 degrees

being 60 degrees less than 90 degrees, so

differences do make sense. However 0 degrees

(in both scales) cold as it may be does not

represent the total absence of temperature.

PDC NUST workshop on SPSS-Trainer Ms.

Ayesha Nazuk Rao (Assistant Professor

NUST)-July 29, 2013 to July 31 2013.

Scales of

Measurem

ent

got a true zero point. Distances, in any system

of measurement give us data at the ratio level.

A measurement such as 0 feet does make

sense, as it represents no length. Furthermore

2 feet is twice as long as 1 foot. So ratios can

be formed between the data.

Type of Averages

Commerci

al

averages

Mathematical

average

Positional

Average

athematical Average is

based on an algebraic

formula

Harmonic

Mean

Arithmetic

Mean

Geometri

c Mean

ased on their relative

location

Mode

Quartiles,

Octiles,

Deciles,

Percentiles

Median

Commercial Averages

Moving

Averages (To

a time series)

Progressi

ve

Average

Composite

Average

(used

(used to

to report

report

average

average

profits/losses

profits/losses etc

etc in

in

the

starting

year

of

the starting year of

a

a firm)

firm)

Calculate the progressive average of the data

Years

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

8

9

8

7

8

9

10

11

11

12

10

Progressive

total.

Progressive

average.

8

8.0

17

8.5

25

8.3

32

8.0

40

8.0

49

8.1

59

8.4

70

8.7

81

9.0

93

9.3

103 9.3

Composite Average-Use

The Dow Jones Composite

Average is a stock index from

Dow Jones Indexes that tracks 65

prominent companies. The

average's components are every

stock from the Dow Jones

Industrial Average, the Dow Jones

Transportation Average, and the

Dow Jones Utility Average.

C.A= Sum of all averages/ number

Unbias

ed

Arithmetic Mean

Scale

data

only.

Testing

possible

Comple

te Data

Use

Further

Treatme

nt

Outliers

need to

be

deleted

Not

Robust

independent of origin and scale

Let Y=ax+b

Then mean of Y= a+b (Mean of X)

Let Y=ax-b

Then mean of Y= a-b (Mean of X)

Addition/subtraction changes the origin and

Not

Unbias

ed

Relies

on only

one

value

Mode

Testing of

Hypothesi

s not

possible

No

Further

Treatme

nt

Can be

found in

any scale

Robust

Not

Unbias

ed

Median

Testing of

Hypothesis

possible

through nonparametric

test

Relies

on one

or at

most

two

values

No

Further

Treatme

nt

Ordinal or

more

Robust

Ayesha Nazuk Rao (Assistant Professor

NUST)-July 29, 2013 to July 31 2013.

Not

Unbias

ed

Relies

on

complet

e data

Geometric Mean

No

Further

Treatme

nt

Testing of

hypothes

is

possible

Scale

data only

Robust

Ayesha Nazuk Rao (Assistant Professor

NUST)-July 29, 2013 to July 31 2013.

use both in

symmetric and

skewed dataset.

One data can

have no or more

than one mode.

Median is also

valid for use

both in

symmetric and

skewed data

set. It can be

used in ordinal

data set as well.

Ayesha Nazuk Rao (Assistant Professor

NUST)-July 29, 2013 to July 31 2013.

Mean or

Arithmetic mean

is valid for use

only in

symmetric data

only. It is valid

for use in scale

data only.

Geometric Mean

is a measure

that uses

complete data

and is yet

Robust .

Trimmed means

are used in case

we want to have

picture of data

free from extreme

values.

2.5%, 5 or 10%

trimmed mean .

Ayesha Nazuk Rao (Assistant Professor

NUST)-July 29, 2013 to July 31 2013.

For a 10%

trimmed mean

we ignore

smallest 10%

and largest 10%

observations.

Calculate the

mean of the

truncated

dataset.

Winsorized mean

is also used in the

presence of

outliers

Replaces

outliers with

most extreme

values in the

remaining

dataset.

Ayesha Nazuk Rao (Assistant Professor

NUST)-July 29, 2013 to July 31 2013.

See example in

next slide

x1, the smallest, to x10 the largest)

the 20% Winsorized mean is

x9: the extras substitute for the

original values x1 and x10 which have

been discarded and replaced.

Quadratic Mean is

SQUARE ROOT

of the sum of

squares divided

by no. of values

Ayesha Nazuk Rao (Assistant Professor

NUST)-July 29, 2013 to July 31 2013.

Q.M is better in

performance in

presence of

negative values

Example: Q.M

X

-100

0

100

X**2

10000

0

10000

A.M=0

Q.M= 81.64966

used

Ratios of change, proportions, percentages

etc. G.M

Rate of change per unit of time such as

speed, number of items produced per day etc.

H.M

Well behaved (that is outlier free) data which

is purely quantitative A.M

NominalMode

Ordinal---Median

Median

The Middle observation of an arrayed

descending order) is called median.

For an ungrouped data it is the item

number (n+1)/2.

e:g if the data set is 4,6,1,5,4,8. we shall

array it 1,4,4,5,6,8 median= item at

position (6+1)/2=3.5th item= (3rd item+4th

item)/2=(4+5)/2=4.5. So median is 4.5.

If data is 1,3,7 median is (3+1)/2=2nd

item= 3.

data

h n

Median l C

f 2

l LCB of median class

h height of median class

f frequency of median class

C cummulative frequency of class before median class

data

For example in a shop there are

color. One can arrange the

clothes from light shades to

darker as follows.

S1,S2,S2,S3,S4,S5,S6

Median shade is at (7+1)/2=4th

shade=S3

Calculations

Interval f

C.F

C.B

01

23

45

Total

5

11

13

-------

-0.51.5

1.53.5 Median Class

as 7.5 lies

3.55.5 here

5

6

2

13

n/2=sum(f)/2=13/2=7.5

Contd.

Median=1.5+(2/6)

(7.5-5)=2.33

So, the value 2.33

cuts previous data in

two equal halves.

f1 = frequency of modal class = 7

fo = frequency of class preceding the modal class = 5

f2 = frequency of class succeeding the modal class = 2

h = size of class intervals = 5

Example Continued

Mode

Mode

Mode

Mode

Mode

Mode

=

=

=

=

=

=

15 + [(7 - 5) / (2 x 7 - 5 - 2)] x 5

15 + [2 / (14 - 7)] x 5

15 + (2 / 7) x 5

15 + (10 / 7)

15 + 1.42

16.42

Summary of

Central Tendency Measures

Measure

Equation

Mean

Xi / n

Median

(n+1)Position

2

Mode

none

Description

Balance Point

Middle Value

When Ordered

Most Frequent

Percentiles

Quintiles are break points that divide an

Quartiles divide data into four equal parts.

There are three quartiles Q1,Q2 and Q3.

Q1= [(n+1)/4]th item, 25% data lies

before it.

Q2=[2(n+1)/4]th item=[(n+1)/2]th item

which is median. 50% data lie before Q2

Q3=[3(n+1)/4] item, 75 % data lies before

it.

Quartiles

1. Measure of Non-central Tendency

2. Split Ordered Data into 4 Quarters

25

25

25

25

% of i-th

% Quartile

%

%

3. Position

Q1

Q2

Q3

i (n 1)

Positioning Point ofQi

4

Deciles

Deciles are 9 break points that divide an

D1=[(n+1)/10]th item, 10% data lies before

it.

D2=[2(n+1)/10]th item 20% data lie before it.

D9=[9(n+1)/10]th item, 90% data lies before

it.

Note that D5=Q2=Median

Percentiles

Percentiles are 99 break points that divide an

P25=Q1

P75=Q3

P10=D1

Other relationships may easily be seen.

Measures of

Variation

Data Summary; A

To recall the data

compaction process,

Glance

1. To summarize the data we use graphs and charts

2. For more technical analysis, a frequency distribution

is made.

3. To report a summary value that may represent the

data, we find measure of central tendency.

4. BUT there may be data sets who have same value of

central tendency but differ in terms of

variation/scatter around the central value.

Illustrative example

On the average

31 patients get

satisfactory

treatment from

both D1 and D2.

However the

data, number of

patients that

come to D1 or

D2, is very

different.

of patients)

D1

30.75 12,35,36,40

D2

30.75 1,4,3,115

Insufficient

Measure of central cannot convey the

Specifically they cannot tell us the

If a measure of scatter ( variation)

tendency, then data can be more

efficiently described.

Measure of variation

Definition of Measure of Variation

Measure of variation is a measure that

describes how spread out or scattered a set of

data. It is also known as measures of

dispersion or measures of spread.

Examples of Measure of Variation

Some Important measures of variation:

The range, the variance, and the standard

deviation.

Range

The range is the distance between the lowest

Range can be misleading since it does not

take into consideration every value. Consider

each of the following data sets:

1,10,10,10,10 and 1,2,5,8,10. Both have a

range of 9, yet the first data set is clearly not

as dispersed as the second.

Variance &

Standard Deviation

1. Measures of Dispersion

2. Most Common Measures

3. Consider How Data Are Distributed

4. Show Variation About Mean ( X or )

X = 8.3

4 6

8 10 12

Sample Variance

Formula

n

2

n - 1 in

X)

(Xi

denominator! (Use

i 1

n1

N if Population

Variance)

Standard Deviation

The standard deviation of a set of scores

the mean. It is calculated by

deviation ( ungrouped data)

1) Find the mean of the scores

2) Subtract the mean from each individual

3)

4)

5)

6)

score

Square each of the values in step 2

Add up all the squares obtained in step 3

Divide the total in step 4 by n-1

Find the square root of step 5.

S.D

Find the standard

deviation of the

data 1, 2, 12, 3, 6

and 11.

The mean of X is

5.83

Variance is

(110.833/5) =

22.166

And S.D is 4.708.

X

1

2

12

3

6

11

X X

-4.8

-3.8

6.1

-2.8

0.17

5.17

Sum -----

X X

23.4

14.7

38.0

8.03

0.03

26.7

110.833

Sample data

Interv f

al

(X)

01

23

45

Total

0.5 -1.538

2.5 0.462

4.5 2.462

------

5

6

2

13

X-A.M

(X-A.M)^2

f(X-A.M)^2

2.3654

0.2134

6.0614

11.82

1.280

12.12

25.23

A.M=sum of f*x/sum of

f=26.50/13=2.038

S.D=Square root of (25.23/13-

Variance

Variance is the square of S.D

Because the differences are squared, the

of the data. Therefore, the standard deviation

is reported as the square root of the variance

and the units then correspond to those of the

data set.

A small standard deviation means the data is

close together, a large deviation means the

data is wide spread

At least 75% of all scores fall within 2

standard deviations from the mean and at

least 89% fall within at least 3 standard

deviations from the mean.

Welcome to

Mathematics &

Statistics Class

Instructor: Ms . Ayesha N. Rao

76

Inter-quartile Range

When there are extreme values in a

skewed, variance and standard deviation

are not true measures of spread. in these

situations inter-quartile range or semi-inter

quartile range are preferred measures of

spread.

Inter quartile range is the difference

between the Q1 and Q3. Semi-inter

quartile range is half of the difference

between the Q1 and Q3.

Summary of

Variation Measures

Measure

Range

Equation

Q3 - Q1

Interquartile Range

Standard Deviation

(Sample)

Standard Deviation

(Population)

Variance

(Sample)

Description

2

n1

X i

X

N

(Xi - X )2

n- 1

Dispersion about

Sample Mean

Dispersion about

2

Population Mean

Squared Dispersion

about Sample Mean

Relative Measure of

Dispersion

Up till now we have been analyzing a

single data.

Direct comparison of variance/standard

deviation is not valid. Because they

depend on unit of measurement.

For example if we have data on weights of

potatoes and another on weights of milk

cartons. Then variance of 0.1 kg may be

considered large for potatoes but small for

milk cartons.

Relative measures of variation are those

that help in comparing two or more data

sets; as to which data is more

Coefficient of Variation

It is defined as the ratio of the standard

C.V=S.D/Mean

This is only defined for non-zero mean, and is

most useful for variables that are always

positive.

It does not have any meaning for data on an

interval scale.

S.D Vs C.V

For example, the value of the standard

depending on whether they are measured in

kilograms or pounds. The coefficient of

variation, however, will be the same in both

cases as it does not depend on the unit of

measurement.

C.V interpretation

Lesser the C.V,

lesser is the

variability in the

data.

Advantages

The coefficient of variation is a

dimensionless number. So when

comparing between data sets with

different units or wildly different means,

one should use the coefficient of variation

for comparison instead of the standard

deviation.

Disadvantages

When the mean value is near zero, the

coefficient of variation is sensitive to small

changes in the mean, limiting its

usefulness.

Z-Scores

Z-scores are a means of answering the

away from the mean is this observation?'' If

our observation X is from a population with

mean and standard deviation , then

On the other hand, if the observation X is

deviation s, then

X

Z

s

Z Score Interpretation

A positive (negative) Z-

observation is greater than

(less than) the mean.

Example

In a certain city the mean price of a quart of

8 cents. The average price of a package of

bacon is $1.80 and the standard deviation is

15 cents. If we pay $0.89 for a quart of milk

and $2.19 for a package of bacon at a 24-hour

convenience store, which is relatively more

expensive? To answer this, we compute Zscores for each:

Solution

Z (Milk)=(0.89-0.63)/0.08=3.25

Z (Bacon)= (2.19-1.80)/0.15=2.60

Our Z-scores show us that we are overpaying

the bacon.

- VarianceDiunggah olehEmily Tan
- SSRN-id1311761Diunggah olehRocks Kiran
- Trial SizeDiunggah olehOlga Constanza Uñate
- 004 001 001 Measuring Stand-Alone Risk GMc 003Diunggah olehAlmighty59
- STI0903 - PSD Postprocessing 2Diunggah olehchoprahari
- Math 103 02 Central Tendency and Spread_1Diunggah olehAnonymous hzr2fbc1zM
- Chap_8A 10 Waiting LineDiunggah olehJill Queenie N
- _Measurements of hydrodynamic forces_ surface pressure_ and wake for obliquely towed tanker model and uncertainty analysis for CFD validationDiunggah olehelmasykur
- Eco 550 Midterm Exam Part 1 & 2 (50 Questions)Diunggah olehteacher.theacestud
- ParetoDiunggah olehZamfir Andrei
- initial reportDiunggah olehapi-314733073
- Detailed Lesson Plan in Assessment of Learning 1Diunggah olehEller-jed M. Mendoza
- bbaldi_ips_chapter01Diunggah olehcrutili
- CGP as Level Maths Revision and PracticeDiunggah olehAbhiKhan
- Portfolio SelectionDiunggah olehMego Plamonia
- Ass_6_class.docxDiunggah olehrathishsrk03
- Unit I & IIDiunggah olehDharani Kumar
- Statistical Calculations Using CalculatorsDiunggah olehrichard_ooi
- StatDiunggah olehJun Rex Salo
- r059210501-probability-and-statisticsDiunggah olehSrinivasa Rao G
- MB0040 – STATISTICS FOR MANAGEMENTDiunggah olehAli Asharaf Khan
- List+of+exercises+Unit+6Diunggah olehcarberca
- Denardo Et AlDiunggah olehapi-3828346
- A Study of General Mental Ability among Players And Non-Players Of Chandigarh SchoolsDiunggah olehInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- British Columbia Environmental Lab manual.pdfDiunggah olehKharisma Setianingrum
- 1989 JAR Banker and DatarDiunggah olehVânia Arcelino
- Simulation_Probs.pdfDiunggah olehAmit Limje
- Sample ChapterDiunggah olehMaxwell Kozak
- Central Tendency & DispersionDiunggah olehAshraf Hossain
- CRITERIA-BASED CONTENT ANALYSIS IN TRUE AND SIMULATE VISCTIMS (1).pdfDiunggah olehRicardo Rincon Santos

- Emigration Ordinance, 1979Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- 1Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Lec 4Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- 2016 11 WM Prof Haeussler Englische FassungDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Lec 3Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- ReadmeDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Public Procurement Rules 2004Diunggah olehMuhammad Ali Qureshi
- Beyond the Veil: Israel-Pakistan Relations by P. R. KumaraswamyDiunggah olehAamir Mughal
- OTM621_Session_1_2Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Lec 1Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- PPSC FPSC Assitant Director Anti Corruption Past Papers Solved 2007Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- System of Financail Control & Budgeting 2006Diunggah olehjamilkiani
- Nts Sample Paper of State Bank of Pakistan Og1 and Og2Diunggah olehNajam760
- Lec 2Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Dawn Word List.Diunggah olehMaryamQaazi
- 10% PPT LRMDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- CE-2016 Public NoticeDiunggah olehFizza Rauf
- CE-2016 Public NoticeDiunggah olehFizza Rauf
- Anti Norcotics ForceDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Operations Management Lec 01 - IntroDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- NewDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- NewDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Week 2 Ext FactorsDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Public SpeakingDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Letter Writing AssignmentDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- CmsDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Revised Syllabus CE-2016 10 Jul 2015Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Revised Syllabus CE-2016 10 Jul 2015Diunggah olehJunaidKhan
- Final PresentationDiunggah olehJunaidKhan
- NUST CV Form (1)Diunggah olehJunaidKhan

- temperature distribution.pdfDiunggah olehEstefania Arizaga
- Basic Statistics (Part 3)Diunggah olehkinhai_see
- portfolio assignment mbf3cDiunggah olehapi-354019809
- EM 521 Study Set 1 SolutionsDiunggah oleheragorn
- HSP-ADD-MATH-F4Diunggah olehNabila Syifa
- Nota Akhir SPMDiunggah olehWan Fadh
- Mathematics-Form 3-Chapter 4 Statistics II By KelvinDiunggah olehKelvin
- Central Tendency and DispersionDiunggah olehginish12
- Tutorial 1 (Week 2)Diunggah olehsdfklmjsdlklskfjd
- Measure of Central TendencyDiunggah olehCY
- A note on WeibullDiunggah olehrahul
- Modal Pushover Analysis for Unsymmetric BuildingsDiunggah olehtsukigamieta
- Basic Statistics MathDiunggah olehMark John
- Maharashtra-Mathematics Algebra Sample Paper-1-Class 10 Question PaperDiunggah olehFirdosh Khan
- 7 Maths NCERT Chapter 3Diunggah olehRachakonda Deepika
- Stat Assignmet 2Diunggah olehserachguru
- Statistical Quality Control 2Diunggah olehTech_MX
- Log Processing CookbookDiunggah olehshantanuril
- Statistics - Introduction to Basic ConceptsDiunggah olehAryan Sharma
- _ICAI_Quantitative Aptitude Text.pdfDiunggah olehbharanivldv9
- Power System OperationDiunggah olehJY Jay
- Mathematicsx(i)Chap 06statisticsDiunggah olehchamarthi_r
- ETDiunggah olehShiva Kumar Dunaboina
- Module 1 - Part a - Population, Sample, Locati[1]Diunggah olehrigoberto choque
- Elementary statistics in social research.docxDiunggah olehMichaelister Ordoñez Monteron
- meanmedianmodeandrangenotes-natalieescobarDiunggah olehapi-281751424
- Chap 003Diunggah olehShahmir Hamza Ahmed
- ECON1203 Hw Solution week03Diunggah olehBad Boy
- A Study on the Reliabilite-based Safety Analysis of Hardfill Dams [Katı Dolgu Barajlarda Güvenilirlik Esaslı Emniyet Analizi Üzerine Bir Çalışma]Diunggah olehÇağrı KARABİLLİOĞLU
- ch-3Diunggah olehAmsalu Walelign