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World War II Begins

Lesson 4

Worldwide Depression

Countries short of supplies


Still trying to recover from World War
I
Economic hard times worldwide

The Rise of Dictators

Allies had expected Germany to pay for


damages during World War I
Didnt have enough money to do this
Adolph Hitler, leader of Germany during
the 20s, said Germany had been treated
unfairly.
Believed only Germans with blond hair and
blue eyes were true Germans
Blamed Jews for many of the problems.

National Socialists, or Nazis

Political party with Hitler in charge


Grew in power and started an army
Soldiers, called storm troopers
Attacked Jewish people and others
opposed to Hitler
Put prisoners into terrible prisons
called concentration camps.

Nazis in Control

1933 took control of German


government
Hitler ruled as a dictator, an allpowerful ruler.
Rebuilt Germanys economy by
preparing for another war.
Built tanks, guns and other war supplies
Wanted to Rule the World

German Dictator, Adolph Hitler

Other Dictators

Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union


Dictatorship country ruled by one
all-powerful person
Francisco Franco ruled Spain
Benito Mussolini ruled Italy.
Hirohito ruled Japan

The War Begins

Japan, Italy, and Germany began taking


over other countries.
Sept. 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland
British and French leaders had had
enough!
Declared war on Germany on Sept. 3,
1939.
British and French not able to stop
Germany from taking over other countries.

The United States

Many thought we should stay out


President Franklin Roosevelt
promised to keep up out of the war.
Prepared for attack just in case.
1st peacetime draft
Men ages 21-39 had to register
Started making war supplies

Japanese Invasion Spreads

Japanese invaded Indochina, now


what is Cambodia, Laos,and Vietnam
American leaders were afraid Japan
would threaten the Philippines and
other Pacific islands
They were RIGHT!

U.S. Enters the War

December 7, 1941, Japanese planes


attacked Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian
Islands.
Dropped bombs on American ships at
the Pearl Harbor naval base.
In less than two hours, Japan had
destroyed most of the U.S. Pacific fleet.
More than 2,000 sailors and 68 civilians
were killed.

Declaration of War

Day after the attack at Pearl Harbor


President Roosevelt asked Congress
to declared war on Japan
Congress declared war that same
day.
Italy and Germany, Japans allies,
declared war on the U.S. three days
later.

Sides are Drawn


Axis Powers

Germany
Japan
Italy

Allies

United States
Britain
France

Americans at War

Produced more and more airplanes,


tanks, and other war supplies
Created new jobs
World War II ended the Great Depression
Women took over many of the jobs
Power of the federal government grew
Rationing, or limited what Americans
could buy so supplies could be sent
overseas.

Problems for Japanese


Americans

Some military leaders distrusted Japanese


Americans
Were afraid they would help the enemy
Roosevelt ordered 110,000 Japanese
Americans into relocation camps
Like prisons, fenced in with barbed wire
Soldiers guarded the camps with guns
Had to sell their homes, businesses, and
belongings.

Problems Continue

Moved to Utah, California, Arizona,


Wyoming, Arkansas, and Idaho
Had to wear identification tags
Over 17,000 Japanese Americans
served in Army units even though
their friends and families were being
locked away by their own country.

THANK YOU