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THREE PHASE INDUSTRIAL

WIRING

Objective
To understand the concepts in industrial

wiring and the components involved.


To expose with an industrial wiring includes
single phase and three phase wiring
system.
To carry out testing and commissioning of
the wiring installation.

Supply System
Specification of supply system in Malaysia
Single Phase 230V AC (Range of +10%,

-6%)
Three Phase 400V AC (Range of +10%,-6%)
Frequency of 50Hz 1%

Faults

A - Phase-to-earth fault
B - Phase-to-phase fault
C - Phase-to-phase-to-earth fault
D - Three phase fault
E -Three phase-to-earth fault

Type of Circuit Breaker


MCB Miniature Circuit Breaker (<100A)
Protect from overload & short circuit
6, 8, 10, 15, 16, 20, 25, 32, 40, 50, 63, 80, 100 A

MCCB- Molded Case Circuit Breaker (up to 1250A)


Protect from high fault level or higher current ratings

exceeding
10,16,20,32,40,50,63,80,100,200,300,400,630,1250A
ACB Air Circuit Breaker (up to 5000A)
Same as MCCB, Installing at incoming supply
800, 1250, 1600, 2000, 3200, 5000A

RCCB / ELCB/ RCD - Residual Current- operated Circuit

Breaker.
I = 10, 13, 16, 20, 25, 32, 40, 63, 80, 100, 125A
In= 0.006, 0.01, 0.03, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5A
Copyright FKE UTeM 2012

Current protection for electrical


wiring
Three type of current protection must be

installed for electrical wiring system


MCCB/ACB Protect from over current
ELCB/RCD Protect from leakage current to

earth
MCB Protect from over current

*ELCB Earth Leakage


current breaker
*RCD Residual Current
Device
*MCB - Miniature Circuit
Breaker

MCCB

ELCB

MCB

OPERATION PRINCIPLE OF
MCB

OPERATION
PRINCIPLE of RCD

KW hour Meter

Cable Sizing and Colour Code


Conductor area
(mm2)

Materia Usage
l

1.5

Copper

Lighting / fan Circuit

2.5

Copper

Socket Switch Outlet - SSO


(13A)

4.0 6.0

Copper

16.0 / 25.0

General power circuit


E.g.: Water heater,
Motor/pam.
Function
Cable Colour
Copper Main Circuit
Code
Phase for single phase
circuit

Red , Yellow or
Blue

Phase R/L1 for three


phase circuit

Red

Phase Y/L2 for three


phase circuit

Yellow

Phase B/L3 for three


phase circuit

Blue

Schematic
diagram

Layout Plan for three phase


wiring

Component ceiling fan


Below (70-120)

watt

Downlight lamp
CFL (8W) Compact florescent lamp
Control with 3 switch 3 ways switching (2

way switch and intermediate switch)

Type 1

Type 2

Type 3

Example: three lamp control with three


switch

Socket Switch Outlet (SSO)


13A
Two type

connection
Ring (30/32A)
Radial (20A)

Ring

Radial

Air Conditional Starter and 3phase


isolator

Wiring testing
Objective
Ensure all conductors have been connected

correctly.
Ohmic resistance value and cable size meet
the requirement by Suruhanjaya Tenaga
Malaysia.
Five (5) type of wiring testing
Continuity test
Insulation resistance test
Polarity Test
Ground electroderesistance test
RCD test

Continuity Test (off-line)


Three type of continuity test
Continuity test for protective conductors
Continuity test for ring final circuit

conductors
Continuity test for life and neutral conductors

Continuity test for protective


conductors
To make sure all

protective
conductors in
right connection.
Make sure all
circuit breaker
device turn off
and all load
disconnected.
Using megger
meter/multimeter
Below 1 ohm

Continuity test for ring final circuit


conductors
Make sure all ring

circuit connection
in right
connection.
Using megger
meter/multimeter
Test for E-E, N-N
and L-L
connection.
Below 1 ohm

Continuity test for life and neutral


conductors
Make sure life and

neutral conductor
are connected in
every point.
Make sure all
circuit breaker
device turn off
and all load
disconnected.
Using megger
meter/multimeter
Below 1

Insulation resistance test (offline)


To verify that no significant level of leakage

current occurs, either between circuit


conductor or circuit conductors and earth.
Megger meter (Insulation resistance tester)
using DC voltage with 250Vdc, 500Vdc or
>500Vdc
Not less than 0.25 M (250Vdc), 0.5 M
(500Vdc) or 1M (>500Vdc)

TABLE1 : Insulation resistance test

Three phase Test

Lamp final
circuit test

Socket switch
outlet test (radial
and ring)

R&Y

L&N

L&N

Y&B

L&E

L&E

R&B

N&E

N&E

R&N
Y&N
B&N
Y& E
B&E
N&E

Polarity Test (off-line)


To verify that all connections are made with

the correct supply polarity and all SSO are


in right connection with life, neutral and
earth.
Using megger meter/multimeter
Below 1

RCD test (On-line)


Using Trip/Test button

- Press trip/test button to ensure RCD trip


accordingly.

13A Socket test (On-line)


Use Socket Tester to ensure the socket and

circuit are correctly wired.

Copyright FKE UTeM 2012

END