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Development of SELF RELIANCE

in local pharmaceutical industry


drug

policy defines the future


supply system
Supply System
well-coordinated
will

ensure that public funds


available for drug purchases are
used effectively.
to maximize access
to obtain good value for money

Development of SELF RELIANCE


in local pharmaceutical industry

Objective:

to get quality essential drugs to the people


who need them, at prices that the Filipinos
can afford.

Production of drugs should be based on a


careful situation analysis and on a realistic
appraisal of the feasibility of domestic
production.

Pharmaceutical
Production

Primary production
includes

the
pharmaceutical
intermediates;

manufacture
of
ingredients

active
and

Secondary production
includes the production of finished dosage

forms from excipients and active substances;

Tertiary production
limited to the packaging of finished products

or repackaging of bulk finished products.

The government

hopes to provide a regular supply of lowcost drugs to public health programmes


aimed at disease control.

Decision-making about being involved in


pharmaceutical
production
of
the
government
SITUATION ANALYSIS
feasibility
the quality and prices

Development of SELF RELIANCE


in local pharmaceutical industry
Main

goal:

manufacture pharmaceutical needs of most

important drug locally


drug development from medicinal plants
and other indigenous sources.
Filipino

Pharmaceutical
Association
promoted self reliance and encourages

production especially of generic drugs.

Development of SELF RELIANCE


in local pharmaceutical industry
An

achievement of being able to


increase in the percent share of
unbranded generics in the market
was attained
1988: 2%

1993 : 10%

Development of SELF RELIANCE


in local pharmaceutical industry

The use of traditional medicine


there should be continuous use of traditional

or herbal medicine that must be widely


practiced
its place in health care should be considered in
the broader development of health policy
Traditional and herbal medicines are usually
known by local names.
Take note = use of the WHO guidelines for the
assessment
of
herbal
medicines
is
recommended.

TARGETED PROCUREMENT of
drugs by government

Procurement
an

activity involving acquisition of goods,


consulting
services,
contracting
for
infrastructure projects and lease of goods and
real estate.

Procurement
Philippines

of

drugs

morbidity patterns
cost effectiveness considerations
essential drugs concept.

in

the

Executive Order No. 49, s.


1993
It

is mandatory in all government


agencies to use the Philippine
National Drug Formulary Volume
1 as sole basis for procurement of
essential drugs.

Executive Order No. 49,


s. 1993

Therapeutics Committee, or Physician in


charge of the clinic or infirmary, or
Procurement officer
shall be responsible for determining which products

and the corresponding quantity to be procured by


the government,

Every requisition and issue voucher or


any request to purchase drug
shall be accompanied by a certification signed by

the requisitioning officer that the drug products


being requisitioned or procured fall within and
conform with PNDF vol. 1

Executive Order No. 49,


s. 1993

Commission on Audit
shall

instruct all unit auditors/ heads of


auditing unit to monitor compliance with this
order and to disallow in audit claims/
disimbursment either from regular budget local
and /or trust funds

Head of the national drug policy office


for drugs not listed in PNDF a written request

with corresponding justification


may approve or disapprove the request

The goal of the DOH


procure

drugs
satisfy the needs of the majority of
the population
should be available at all times
in adequate amounts
in appropriate dosage forms
at a price the individual and the
community can afford

Procurement &Logistic
Service Unit

The role of this unit:


to formulate plans, policies, standards and

guidelines related to procurement and logistics


management of the Department of Health;
procures, maintains and manages supplies,
materials and services to support the logistical
requirements of the Department of Health;
advises the Secretary of Health on matters
pertaining to the procurement of goods and
services and logistics management.

Procurement Division
develops an annual procurement program
for the Department of Health;
provides assistance to field offices of the
Department on matters pertaining to
procurement of drugs, medicines, medical
supplies, health equipment and other
general supplies and materials;
ensures that all offices/units adhere to
procurement processes and procedures.

Materials or Management
Division
ensures

proper
handling
and
storage,
adequate
and
timely
distribution of drugs, medicines,
medical supplies health equipment
and other general office supplies and
materials;
maintains and updates inventory of
goods, supplies and materials.

BIDDING PROCEDURES

The department allows yearly bidding


procedures in the procurement of drugs.
They invite companies in the bidding
procedure or companies will apply for it.
Affordability
necessary or a prerequisite in the access of a drug.
DOH must find drugs which are affordable to the

lower masses.
even if it is affordable it is still effective in the
treatment of a disease.