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Project-Based Learning…

“Satu aktiviti penyiasatan


mendalam
tentang suatu topik dunia
sebenar yang berfaedah kepada
pelajar”
(Sylvia Chard, Associate Professor of Education, University
of Alberta, Alberta, Canada)
Project Based Learning..

 … satu kaedah pengajaran sistematik yang


melibatkan pelajar dalam pembelajaran
pengetahuan dan kemahiran melalui proses inkuiri
yang kompleks bagi menyelasaikan persoalan dunia
sebenar yang akhirnya akan menghasilkan suatu
output pembelajaran.

 Buck Institute of Education (BIE)


Project Based Learning..

• Merangkumi pelbagai gaya pembelajaran pelajar


• Tidak menganggap yang semua pelajar boleh
mempersembahkan pengetahuan mereka dalam satu
cara sahaja
Project Based Learning..

 PBL berdasarkan kepada kurikulum


- Berdasarkan keperluan kurikulum

- Pembelajaran berdasarkan pendekatan inkuiri

- Proses inkuiri berdasarkan kepada satu persoalan

- Guru dan pelajar bekerjasama dalam proses


menjawab persoalan penyiasatan
Project Based Learning..

 PBL mengemukakan persoalan yang akan


dijawab oleh pelajar
– Guru atau pelajar mengemukakan satu tema persoalan
yang akan memandu pelajar membuat projek secara
berkolaborasi. Projek ini mengintegrasikan pelbagai
subjek dalam kurikulum.
 PBL memerlukan pelajar menjawab persoalan
dunia sebenar
– Pengetahuan secara holistik
Project Based Learning..

 PBL adalah satu kaedah yang memerlukan


pelajar menghuraikan isu dan persoalan
yang rumit.
– Menggalakkan persefahaman
– students explore, make judgements, interpret and
synthesize information in meaningful ways
Project Based Learning..
Perbandingan PBL dengan
kaedah tradisional

Criteria Traditional Project-Based Learning


Instruction
Content • Knowledge of facts • Comprehension of
concepts and principles

Scope and • Follows fixed • Follows students


Sequence curriculum interest
• Move from unit to • Large units composed
unit of complex problems or
• Narrow, content issues
area focus • Broad, interdisciplinary
focus
Criteria Traditional Project-Based
Instruction Learning

Teacher’s role • Lecturer and director • Resource provider


of instruction • Advisory/mentor/
• Expert facilitator

Assessment • Products • Process and


• Test scores product
• Reproduction of • Tangible
information accomplishments
• Demonstration of
understanding
Criteria Traditional Instruction Project-Based
Learning

• Classroom • Texts, lectures and • Direct or original


materials presentations sources, printed
• Teacher/book company materials, interviews
developed worksheets and documents
and activities • Data and materials
developed by
students

• Use of • Ancillary, peripheral • Central, integral


technology • Administered by • Directed by
teachers students
Criteria Traditional Instruction Project-Based
Learning

• Type of • Students working • Students working in


student alone groups
involvement • Students competing • Students
with one another collaborating
• Students receiving • Students
information constructing,
contributing and
synthesizing
information
Criteria Traditional Project-Based Learning
Instruction

• Student • Carry out • Carry out self directed


role instructions experiences
• Memorize and • Discover, integrate, and
repeat facts present ideas
• Listen, behave, • Communicate, show
speak only when affect, produce, take
spoken to responsibility
Perbandingan dengan Projek
PROJECTS PBL

•Loose set of activity •Uses driving questions to drive


•No management the inquiry process
structure •Integral part of the curriculum
•May be thematic •Focused and inspiring
•Broad assessment •Aligns specific outcome with
assessment
•Uses project management tools
to structure learning
PBL sebagai metodologi P&P

Satu proses P&P berpusatkan pelajar


 Proses Inkuiri & penemuan oleh pelajar

 Pelajar terlibat secara aktif dalam pembelajaran

 Guru sebagai pembimbing


PBL sebagai satu proses
pembelajaran
 Bagaimana?
• Penyiasatan sistematik:
– Pembinaan pengetahuan secara inkuiri.
– Perkongsian maklumat.
– Proses menjawab persoalan projek.
• Proses pembelajaran sama penting dengan projek
pembelajaran.
• Memperoleh pengetahuan dan kemahiran baru dalam
proses.
Teacher’s role
• Facilitator
 Provide access to resource materials. Give students
opportunity to make their own decision.
• Advisor
 Help to solve problems and suggest options.
• Supporter
 Gives support and encouragement, show interest and
discuss students’ ideas.
• Manager
 Check students’ accomplishment, provide feedback
systematically and help students to plan their work.
• Evaluator
 Evaluate and assess students’ products and show them
how they can be improved.
Student’s role

• Access information efficiently and effectively.


• Evaluate information critically and competently.
• Contribute positively to the learning community.
• Participate effectively in groups to pursue and generate
information
• Synthesize information in many different manner.
Langkah Kerja untuk membuat projek DESK ORGANISER – VERTICAL

Potong kayu/bahan seperti jadual di bawah


B
M
A Bhg bahan catatan
L A&B Kayu berlurah 50mm X 10mm X 150mm Bahagian atas boleh dibentuk ikut
C kreativiti sendiri
F
C Kayu berketam 50mm X 10mm X 104mm

E
I D D Kayu berketam 76mmX 10mm X 102 mm Tidak perlu dipotong, hanya perlu
menggunakan kikir shj.
E Kayu berketam 50mm X 10mm X 67mm
K
F Kayu berketam 50mm X 10mm X 70mm Buatkan lurah untuk melekatkan
G
perspek
H G Kayu berketam 20mm X 30mm X 70mm Gerudikan 2 lubang 10mmØ
sedalam 15mm
J H Kayu berketam & berkumai 76mm X 10mm X Tidak perlu dipotong, gunakan kikir
300mm untuk mendapat ukuran yang tepat
I Aluminium 70mm X 60mm Perlu direbet pada keluli lembut
Bahan J Keluli lembut 12mm X 12mm X 70mm Perlu dibuat lubang untuk ribet dan
•Kayu berlurah 50mm X 10mm X 305mm = 1 unit skru
•Kayu berketam 50mm X 10mm X 305mm = 1 unit K Perspek 38mm X 75 mm Gunakan glu untuk lekatkan pada
bahagian A
•Kayu berketam 76mmX 10mm X 102 mm = 1 unit (pintu)
L Plastik 50mm X 113mm Boleh dibentuk ikut kreativiti sendiri
•Kayu berketam 20mm X 30mm X 70mm = 1 unit (tempat pen) M Printed Plywood 125mm X 190mm Panjang ikut kesesuaian
•Printed Plywood 125mm X 200mm = 1 unit
•Kayu berketam & berkumai 76mm X 10mm X 300mm = 1 unit (tapak)
•Keluli lembut 12mm X 12mm X 75mm = 1 unit
•Aluminium 60mm X 75mm = 1 unit
•Perspek 38mm X 75 mm = 1 unit
•Plastik 55mm X 116mm = 1 unit (bahan tambahan)
•PVC 10mm Ø X 50 mm = 1 unit
Contoh-contoh rekabentuk lain yang boleh dibuat menggunakan bahan
yang sama