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ASSALAMUALAIKU

M
Wr. Wb.

LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS
(Grade XI Semester 1)

Asking comments/opinions
Giving comments/opinions
Expressing satisfactions
Expressing dissatisfactions
Giving advice
Warning : asking & giving
Expressing relief, pain,
and pleasure

EXP
RES
ASK SION
ING
GIV
OF
ING
AND
OPI
NI O
N

EXPRESSION OF ASKING
AND GIVING OPINION
ASKING OF OPINION
1. What do you think of ....?
2. What are your views?
3. What is your opinion?
4. Is it right what Ive done?
5. What about .....?
6. How about .....?
7. What is your opinion?
8. What do you think of...?
9. How do you feel about?
10.How do you see ?

GIVING OPINION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Im convinced that .
I consider that ....
According to the
expert, I .
In my opinion, .
I think
I believe
I feel
It seems to me

EXAMPLE OF ASKING AND GIVING


OPINION
One day, Alfi and Ainun converse about the minimum
score.
Alfi : Hey Ainun ! Do you know the hot news in our
school ?
Ainun : Yes, I know. About the minimum score, isnt it ?
Alfi : Yes, exactly. What do you think ?
Ainun : I think it so high. I believe that is bad idea.
Alfi : I dont think so. Precisely with the 70 score, we
can go into the University easily. With PMDK program.
Ainun : Yes, I know it. But, for everyday it so hard.
Alfi : Maybe, it can be the pole for us to be better than
yesterday. I hope we can do it. Although it so hard.
Ainun : Ok. Amin.

Expressing
Satisfaction and
Dissatisfaction

EXPRESSION OF SATISFACTION AND


DISSATISFACTION
ASKING ABOUT
SATISFACTION
A. how do you like your
room?
B. is everything O.K ?
C. is everything
satisfactory ?
EXPRESSING
D. are you
satisfied?
SATISFACTION
A.
B.
C.
D.

ASKING ABOUT DISSATISFACTION

A. you want to complain about


something?
B. Was something not to your
satisfaction ?
C. Are you dissatisfied with
EXPRESSION
something?
DISSATISFACTION
;
D. Did
you find our service
satisfactory
?
I really like my new hair
A. It is disappointing
that.!
cut
B. It is unacceptable
completely satisfied with
C. This is the limit I won't take
everything youve done
any more of...
for me.
D. Well, this is most
It was satisfactory.
unsatisfactory.
It was okay. Not too bad.
E. The concert is so boring
F. What an awful meeting
G. It's not as good as I thought.

Expressing Satisfaction Dialogue


One day, in restaurant, fifi and santi converse about
food which ahead time.
Fifi : How do you feel about this food?
Santi : Wow..I am very satisfied. Its very delicious.
Great!
Fifi : Yes, I think so. Would you have anymore?
Santi : Yes, of course.
Fifi : I will take some for my younger sister. Shell be
very happy.
Santi : Yeah and I will take for my mom at home.
Fifi : OK. Lets go home. I never feel satisfied before.
Santi : So, me too.

Expressing Dissatisfaction Dialogue


Paul : Have you read todays newspaper?
James : Not yet. Is it interesting?
Paul : Yes, the apology from the company. Take a
look. The paper is over there.
James : (Picking up the newspaper and starting to
read it) Is that all?
Paul : Yes.
James : This is not enough.Im not satisfied
yet. The size of the ads should have been half of
the page. Besides, the company only apologized
but they didnt mention what they would do.

EXPRESSION OF
ADVICE

EXPRESSION OF ADVICE
ASKING FOR ADVICE
A. What should ..?
B. What do you think should?
C. What do you advise?
D. Could you give me some advice for .
E. What you would advice?
F. What would you do if.?
G. Do you think I should ..?

GIVING ADVICE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

You should/ought to.


I think you should/ought to
You ought to
I advise you to
If I were you, I would..
I would recommend that you
Youd better tell ..
You must to.

DIALOG GIVING ADVICE


Nanda has a problem. His girlfriend forbade him to follow the singing
competition in Palma. Then, Nanda asked to Resti in school, how to
solve the problem.
Resti : Good morning, Nanda
Nanda : Good morning, Resti. (Looks confused)
Resti : How are you, Nanda
Nanda : Im confused now.
Resti : Why?
Nanda : My girlfriend forbade me to follow the singing competition.If
you were me, what would you tell her?
Resti :I would say that the competition is very important to you, and
instead, the prize of the competition would you give to her.
Nanda : Thats a good idea. I will do it. Thank you very much, Resti.
Now i want to go to canteen. See you.
Resti : Youre welcome. See you too.

EXPRESSION WARNING
EXPRESSION WARNING;
Watch out !
Look out !
Be careful !
Beware of (the danger) !
I have to warn you that.....
It is advisable....
You should not break the rule

I warn you not to.....


Dont....
I highly recommed you not to
Please, dont.....
Dont do that
Take care
You should not

EXPRESSING RELIEF ;
a) Oh, thats relief.
b) Thank goodness
for that.
c) Thank heavens!
d) Oh, good!
e) Oh, marvelous!
f) Oh, what a relief!
g) Thats alright,
then.
h) Phew.

i) Thank God for


that.
j) I m very relieved
to hear that.
k) Im extremely glad
to hear that.
l) What a relief!
m) Good for you.
n) Im glad its done.
o) Im glad
everything is
running well.

p) I feel so relieved.
q) This ointment
relieves my pain.
r) Its very relaxing.
s) Thanks for heaven

EXAMPLE
One day, in office mrs. Ros and mr. ronal asking about their couple each.
Mrs Ros : How is your wife now?
Mr Ronal : She is fine thank you. How about
your husband? I heard that he was in
hospital.
Mrs Ros : He is very well now.
Mr Ronal : I'm glad to hear tha

EXPRESSION PAIN
A. Ouch!That was hurt
B. It is painful
C. It hurts me
D. Ive got a backache/
toothache/ stomachache
E. I feel sore all over
F. My eyes hurt

A. My body aches./My
muscles ache.
B. Oh,its killing me!
C. I cant tell my pain in
words
D. I am suffering
E. I feel sick

EXAMPLE DIALOGUE
Uli : Bani, you look pale today. What's wrong
with you?
bani : I am suffering from a relapse.
Uli : What do you suffer from?
bani : I have had diarrhoea since last night.
I couldn't sleep well.
Uli : I'm sorry to hear that.

EXPRESSION PEASURE
a. Thats great!
b. Terrific!
c. Fantastic!
d. Im pleased.
e. I enjoyed it.
f. I love it.
g. It was terrific.
h. Im delighted.
i. It is very delighted.

a. It is great pleasure.
b. I am happy (for)
c. I am glad.
d. I cant say how
pleased/delighted/glad
/happy I am
e. Its wonderful.
f. How marvelous.
g. Isnt this great?

EXAMPLE OF PLEASURE
One day in class, wiwi and nisa talk about the tes
model.
Wiwi : Where have you been, Andri?
Nisa : I have followed a test for model students for
three days. So I was allowed not to study at school.
Wiwi : I'm happy that you represent your friends.
What about the result?
Nisa : I was trusted to be a model student. Probably
next week I'll follow the next selection in Bandung.
Wiwi : That's great. Good luck for the following test.
Nisa : Thank you. Wish me luck.

Monolog
Report,
Narrative And
Analytical
Exposition

1. NARRATIVE

SOCIAL FUNGTION

To amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or


vicarious experience in different ways
( It deals with problematic events which lead to a
crisis or turning point of some kind which in turn
finds a resolution)
Generic sructure:
Orientation
:sets the scene, introduces
participant
Evaluation
: a stepping back to evaluate the
plight
Complication : a crisis arises
Resolution
: the crisis is resolved , for better
or worse
Re orientation : optional

Language features of
narrrative

Specific and individualized participant


( nouns or pronouns)
Material process
Behavioral process ( breathe, snore, dream)
Verbal process ( said, told, asked )
Mental process ( think, understand, like.)
Relational process
( time connectives and temporal conjungtion )
Temporal circumstance
Past tense

2 .REPORT
Social function :
to describe the way things are with reference to
arange of natural , man made and social
phenomena in our environment
it is the result of systematic observation or
analysis
it is general conclusion, general statement about
Generic structure:
Generic classification: tell what phenomena under
discussion is
Description : tells the phenomena is like in the
terms of *parts and their function
*Qualities
*Habits or behaviours

Language features of report

General nouns : reptiles in Comodo island


Relating verbs / relational process
( is , are, )
Action verbs ( birds fly, they eat)
Present tense
Technical terms ( water contain hydrogen
and oxygen ..)
Paragraph with topic sentence to arrange
some information

3. ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
Social function :
To persuade the reader or listener that something is
the case that there is a case to concern, to pay
attention to )
Generic stucture:
Thesis
Position : introduces topic and indicates writers
position
Preview :outlines the main arguments to be
presented
Arguments
Points : restates main arguments outlined in
preview
Elaboration : develops and supports each point /

Language features of analytical


exposition
General nouns : cars , pollution,
handphone
Abstract nouns :pilocy, government
Technical terms :species of animal
Relating verbs
Action verbs
Thingking verbs
Modal verbs
Connectivers
Evaluative words : important, valuable

LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS
(Grade XI Semester 2)
Expressions for Agreeing and
Disagreeing
Starting an opinion
Asking for an opinon

Expressions for
Agreeing and
Disagreeing

Expressions for Agreeing and Disagreeing

Starting an
opinion

Asking for an
opinon

In my opinion...
The way I see it...
If you want my honest
opinion....
According to Lisa...
As far as I'm
concerned...
If you ask me...

What's your idea?


What are your thoughts
on all of this?
How do you feel about
that?
Do you have anything to
say about this?
What do you think?
Do you agree?
Wouldn't you say?

Expressing agreement
I agree with you 100
percent.
I couldn't agree with you
more.
That's so true.
That's for sure.
(slang) Tell me about it!
You're absolutely right.
Absolutely.
That's exactly how I feel
Exactly.

I'm afraid I agree with


James.
I have to side with
Dad on this one.
No doubt about it.
(agree with
negative
statement) Me
neither.
(weak) I suppose so./I
guess so.
You have a point
there.
I was just going to say
that.

Expressing
disagreement

I don't think so.


(strong) No way.
I'm afraid I disagree.
(strong) I totally disagree.
I beg to differ.
(strong) I'd say the exact
opposite.
Not necessarily.
That's not always true.
That's not always the case.
No, I'm not so sure about
that.

Interruptions

Can I add something here?


Is it okay if I jump in for a
second?
If I might add something...
Can I throw my two cents
in?
Sorry to interrupt, but...
(after accidentally
interrupting someone)
Sorry, go ahead. OR Sorry,
you were saying...
(after being
interrupted) You didn't let
me finish.

Settling an argument
Let's just move on, shall we?
Let's drop it.
I think we're going to have to agree
to disagree.
(sarcastic) Whatever you say./If you
say so.

WASSALAMUALAIKU
M
Wr. Wb.