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Rural Development

Mahatma Gandhis Vision

MEANING
Rural development implies both the economic
betterment of people as well as greater social
transformation.

increased participation of people in RDPs


decentralization of planning
better enforcement of land reforms
greater access to credit

SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE OF


RURAL DEVELOPMENT
India lives in its villages. Mahatma Gandhi
Rural development is a dynamic process, which is
mainly concerned with the rural areas.
These include agricultural growth, putting up of
economic and social infrastructure, fair wages as also
housing and house sites for the landless, village
planning, public health, education and communication,
etc.
Rural development is a national necessity and has a
considerable importance in India.

OBJECTIVES
To develop farm, home , public service and
village community.
To improve production of crops and living
condition of animals.
To improve health and education conditions of
rural people.
To improve villagers with their own efforts.
To improve village communication.

Holistic Benefits

RURAL DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS


IN INDIA

Genesis and Development

Article 40 in the Directive Principles of State


Policy in the Indian Constitution.
Community Development Programme (1952)
Balwant Rai Mehta Committee (1957)
- Panchayati Raj (Democratic Decentralisation)
- 3 Tier System
Ashok Mehta Committee (1977)
73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments Act
(1992) (Constitutional status)

Key Strategies and Policies for Rural


Development

MGNREGA
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana(SGSY)
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana(PMGSY)
Accelerated Rural Water Supply
Programme(ARWSP) and Central Rural
Sanitation Programme(CRSP)

PROBLEMS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT

People related problems


Infrastructure related problems
Agriculture related problems
Economic problems
Social and Cultural problems
Leadership related problems
Administrative problems

PEOPLE RELATED PROBLEMS

Traditional way of thinking


Poor understanding
Low level of education
Deprived scientific orientation
Lack of confidence
Poor awareness

INFRASTRUCTURE RELATED
PROBLEMS

Water
Electricity
Transportation
Educational institutions
Communication
Health
Employment
Storage facility

AGRICULTURE RELATED
PROBLEMS

Lack of awareness, knowledge, skill and attitude


Unavailability of inputs
Poor marketing facility
Small size of land holding
Insufficient extension staff and services
Unwillingness to work and stay in rural areas

ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
High cost of inputs
Unfavourable economic condition to adopt high
cost technology
Under privileged rural industries

LEADERSHIP RELATED PROBLEMS


Leadership among the hands of inactive and
incompetent people
Self interest of leaders
Biased political will

ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS

Political interference
Lack of motivation and interest
Unwillingness to work in villages
Improper utilisation of budget
Lack in monitoring and implementation of
programs

CONCLUSION
Rural development is a process of qualitative
and quantitative changes to improve conditions
in rural regions, which needs to be an integrated
programme where all aspects of rural life should
be taken into account.
Promotion and encouragement to the private
sector players by the Indian Govt. for their efforts
for the upliftment of the rural sector in India
which has resulted in ethical, social and
environmental benefits.

With a vision to create an excellent rural


infrastructure on the back of transport and
telecommunication facilities, provision of
education and medical facilities to all rural
households, it is important that the threads be
woven together in order to reflect the utmost
significance of rural sector for the growth of
Indian economy.