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HUBUNGAN

STCW SOLAS ISM


CODE ISPS CODE
Cahya Purnomo
Akademi Maritim Yogyakarta
Hotel Melia Purosani, 20-22 Mei 2014

STCW
(Standard of Training, Certification and
Watchkeeping for Seafarers)
Dimaksudkan untuk menetapkan standard kualifikasi bagi
Master/Nakhoda, Perwira-perwira kapal dan personel yang
melaksanakan tugas jaga di laut pada kapal-kapal
pelayaran niaga. STCW diadopsi pada tahun 1978 oleh
konferensi Organisasi Kemaritiman Internasinal (IMO) di
London dan ditetapkan sebagai keharusan mulai tahun
1984. Hasil Konvensi diamandement secara signifikan
pada thun 1995. Yang saat ini disebut STCW 95.
2

Amandemen tersebut diberlakukan pada 1 February


1997 dan disyaratkan ununtuk diimplemantasikan
secara penuh pada 1 Februari 2002.
Perubahan yang paling penting diperhatikan:
a) peningkatankendalinegarapelabuhan;
b) komunikasi informasi kepada IMO untuk
mengijinkan pelaporan penyimpangan dan
konsistensi timbal balik dalam penerapan standarstandar tersebut

c) sistem standar kualitas (QSS), penyimpangan p


elatihan, penilaian dan prosedur untuk
mendapatkan sertifikat
d) penempatan tanggung jawab di pihak lisensi
dan negara-negara bendera yang memanfaatkan
warga negara asing, memastikan pelaut tersebut
memenuhi standard objectif kompetensi
e) persyaratan waktu istirahat bagi personil yang
melaksanakan dinas jaga.
4

SOLAS 78
International Convention for the Safety of Life at
Sea
Adalah perjanjian keselamatan maritim internasional.
Mensyaratkan negara bendera untuk memastikan
bahwa kapal mereka mematuhi standard keamanan
minimum dalam konstruksi, peralatan dan operasi.
Didalamnya meliputi pasal-pasal kewajiban umum
dan lain sebagainya, diikuti oleh tambahan (annex)
dibagi menjadi 12 bab
6

Chapter I General Provisions. Surveying the various types


of ships and certifying that they meet the requirements of
the convention.
Chapter II-1 Construction Subdivision and stability,
machinery and electrical installations The subdivision of
passenger ships into watertight compartments so that after
damage to its hull, a vessel will remain afloat and stable.
Chapter II-2 Fire protection, fire detection and fire
extinctionFire safety provisions for all ships with detailed
measures for passenger ships, cargo ships and tankers.
Chapter III Life-saving appliances and arrangements Lifesaving appliances and arrangements, including
requirements for life boats, rescue boats and life jackets
according to type of ship.
7

Chapter IV Radio communications. The Global Maritime


Distress Safety System (GMDSS) requires passenger and
cargo ships on international voyages to carry radio
equipment, including satellite Emergency Position
Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRBs) and Search and
Rescue Transponders (SARTs).
ChapterVSafetyofnavigation.Thischapterrequires
governmentstoensurethatallvesselsaresufficientlyand
efficientlymannedfromasafetypointofview.
Chapter VI Carriage of Cargoes. Requirements for the
stowage and securing of all types of cargo and cargo
containers except liquids and gases in bulk.
8

Chapter VII Carriage of dangerous goodsRequires the


carriage of all kinds of dangerous goods to be in
compliance with the International Maritime Dangerous
Goods Code (IMDG Code).
Chapter VIII Nuclear ships. Nuclear powered ships are
required, particularly concerning radiation hazards, to
conform to the Code of Safety for Nuclear Merchant Ships.
ChapterIXManagementfortheSafeOperationofShips .
Requireseveryshipownerandanypersonorcompanythat
hasassumedresponsibilityforashiptocomplywith
theInternationalSafetyManagementCode(ISM)
9

Chapter X Safety measures for high-speed craft. Makes


mandatory the International Code of Safety for HighSpeed Craft (HSC Code).
Chapter XI-1 Special measures to enhance maritime safety .
Requirements relating to organizations responsible for
carrying out surveys and inspections, enhanced surveys,
the ship identification number scheme, and operational
requirements.

10

ChapterXI-2Specialmeasurestoenhancemaritime
security.IncludestheInternationalShipandPortFacility
SecurityCode(ISPSCode).Confirmsthattheroleofthe
Masterinmaintainingthesecurityoftheshipisnot,and
cannotbe,constrainedbytheCompany,thechartereror
anyotherperson.Portfacilitiesmustcarryoutsecurity
assessmentsanddevelop,implementandreviewport
facilitysecurityplans.Controlsthedelay,detention,
restriction,orexpulsionofashipfromaport.Requires
thatshipsmusthaveashipsecurityalertsystem,aswellas
detailingothermeasuresandrequirements.
11

Chapter XII Additional safety measures for bulk carriers.


Specific structural requirements for bulk carriers over 150
metres in length.

12

ISPS Code
(International Ship and Port Facility
Security Code)
International Code for the Security of
Ships and of Port Facilities
Code yang mengatur proteksi aktif terhadap
ancaman keamanan di kapal dan fasilitas
pelabuhan
13

Bajak laut dan Perampokan


Trend kejadian:
Serangan bersenjata terhadap kapal niaga meningkat dalam
hal frekwensi, variasi serangan dan kekejaman
Ada peningkatan jumlah korban yang dibunuh atau dilukai

14

Terorisme

Melakukan keonaran, kekacauan, kerusakan dan ancaman


Terhadap korban tak berkepentingan atau obyek
vital/massal
Untuk mendapatkan pengaruh:

Publikasi yang maksimum


Emosional
Jangka panjang
15

Penyebab timbulnya terorisme

Politik extrim/garis keras


Disponsori oleh negara
Agama dan suku (SARA)
Kepentingan tertentu atau kelompok protes
Etnis minoritas
Nasionalisme
16

Trend terorisme

Terorisme menjadi sangat berbahaya, tidak hanya


mengancam
Fenomena terorisme domestik lebih tersbar luas daripada
terorisme internasional
Jumlah kejadian terorisme internasional menurun, namun
ancaman potensialny makin meningkat
Saat ini tindakan terorisme cenderung memilih sasaran
kerusakan yang meluas (global)
Penggunaan high explosive, weapon of mass destruction
atau biological subtances makin meningkat
17

Sasaran yang berdampak ekonomi/strategis


Serangan yang terkoordinasi
Bunuh diri dan menciptakan kehancuran
Jumlah korban yang sebanyak-banyaknya
Menggunakan sarana transpotasi sebagai senjata
Tidak mempedulikan opini publik

18

SOLAS Chapter XI
Special Measures to Enhance Maritime Security

Sekarang menjadi XI 1
Regulation 3: Ship Identification Number (IMO Number)
Kapal harus diberi tanda IMO Number
Berlaku mulai 1 Juli 2004 atau docking pertama kali setelah 1 Juli
2004
Penempatan harus secara permanen tertera :

Unk luar dengan ukuran tinggi lebih dari 200 mm dengan posisi dilambung
kapal. Unk kapal penumpang harus tampak juga dari atas
Unk didalam kapal dengan ukuran tinggi lebih dari 100 mm dengan posisi di
transverse bulkhead kamar mesin atau hatchways, pump room (tanker),
transverse bulkhead ro-ro spaces (ro-ro ship)

Harus tampak jelas dengan warna yang kontras & dengan plat
19

SOLAS Chapter XI-2


Special Measures to Enhance Maritime Security

Regulation 1
Regulation 2
Regulation 3
Regulation 4
Regulation 5
Regulation 6
Regulation 7
Regulation 8

Definition
Application
Obligations of Contracting Governments
with respect to security
Requirements for Companies and ships
Specific responsibility of Companies
Ship Security Alert System
Threats to ships
Masters discretion for ship safety and
security
20

SOLAS Chapter XI-2


Special Measures to Enhance Maritime Security

Regulation 9
1
2
3
Regulation 10
Regulation 11
Regulation 12
Regulation 13

Control and compliance measures


Control of ships in port
Ships intending to enter a port of another
Contracting Government
Additional provisions
Requirements for port facilities
Alternative security agreements
Equivalent arrangements
Communication of information

21

Regulation 2

Application

Kapal yang beroperasi dalam perairan


internasional, meliputi:
passenger ships, including high-speed
passenger craft
cargo ships, including high-speed craft of 500
gross tonnage and upwards; and
mobile offshore drilling units
port facilities yang melayani kapal yg beroperasi
dlm perairan internasional
22

Regulation 3
Obligations of Contracting
Governments with respect to security
Administrations shall set security level
to ships entitled to fly their flag
Contracting Governments shall set security level
port facilities within their territory
to ships prior to enter a port/whilst in port

23

Regulation 4

Requirements for companies and ships

Companies shall comply with the relevant requirements of


this chapter and of Part A
Ships shall comply with the relevant requirements of this
chapter and of part A & such compliance shall be verified
and certified
Ship shall comply with the requirements for the security level
set by that Contracting Government of the port, if such
security level is higher than the security level set by the
Administration for that ship.
24

Regulation 5

Specific responsibility of Companies

Who is responsible for appointing crew members


Who is responsible for deciding the employment of
the ship
Who is the party to Charter Party

25

Regulation 6

Ship Security Alert System

ships constructed on or after 1 July 2004;


passenger ships (PHSC), constructed before 1 July 2004, not
later than the first survey of the radio installation after 1 July
2004;
oil tankers, chemical tankers, gas carriers, bulk carriers and
CHSC of 500 gross tonnage and upwards constructed before
[1 July 2004], not later than the first survey of the radio
installation after 1 July 2004;
other cargo ships of 500 gross tonnage and upwards and
MODU constructed before 1 July 2004, not later than the
first survey of the radio installation after 1 July 2006
26

Regulation 6

Ship Security Alert System

initiate and transmit a ship-to-shore security alert to a


competent authority designated by the Administration,
identifying the ship,
its location
security of the ship is under threat or it has been
compromised;
not send to any other ships;
not raise on board the ship;
continue until deactivated and/or reset;
being activated from the navigation bridge and in at least one
other location.
27

Regulation 6

Ship Security Alert System

Activating points shall be designed to prevent the


inadvertent initiation
may be complied with by using radio installation
(Chapter IV)
when received, Administration shall notify the
nearby States

28

Regulation 7

Threats to ships

Contracting Governments shall set security levels to


ships;
operating in their territorial sea

having communicated an intention to enter their


territorial sea

29

Regulation 8
security

Masters discretion for ship safety &

Master shall not be constrained by;


Company
Charterer
from taking or executing any decision including
denial of access to person or their effects
reject to load cargo
containers
other CTU

30

Regulation 9

Control and compliance measures

Section 9.1

Control of ships in port

Traditional PSC

Section 9.2

Ships intending to enter a port of


another Contracting Government

New PSC concept

Section 9.3

Additional provisions

31

Regulation 10

Requirements for port facilities

Port facilities shall comply with the relevant requirements of


this chapter and part A
Contracting Governments shall set security levels and ensure
the provision of security level information to port facilities
and to ships prior to entering a port, or whilst in a port

32

Regulation 10

Requirements for port facilities

Contracting Governments with port facility shall ensure that:


port facility security assessments are;
carried out
reviewed
approved
port facility security plans are;
developed
reviewed
approved
implemented
33

Regulation 11

Alternative security agreements

Contracting Government may conclude agreements


with other Contracting Government;
on alternative security arrangements
covering short international voyages
on fixed route

34

Regulation 12

Equivalent security arrangements

Administration may allow to implement other


security measures equivalent to ISPS Code
Contracting Government may allow to implement
security measures equivalent to ISPS Code

35

Regulation 13

Communication of information

Contracting Government shall communicate to IMO not later


than 1 July 2004;
national authority responsible for the security of;
ship
port facility
who shall receive/act upon the security alert
authorized RSO (Recognize Security Organization)
list showing the approved PFSP

36

ISPS Code Part A

Section 1
1.1
1.2
1.3

Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Section 5
Section 6
Section 7
Section 8
Section 9

General
Introduction
Objectives
Functional requirements

Definitions
Application
Responsibilities of Contracting Governments
Declaration of Security
Obligations of the Company
Ship Security
Ship Security Assessment (SSA)
Ship Security Plan (SSP)
37

Section 10
Section 11
Section 12
Section 13
Section 14
Section 15
Section 16
Section 17
Section 18
Section 19

19.1
19.2
19.3
19.4

Records
Company Security Officer (CSO)
Ship Security Officer (SSO)
Training, Drills and Exercises on Ship Security
Port Facility Security
Port Facility Security Assessment
Port Facility Security Plan
Port Facility Security Officer
Training, Drills and Exercises on Port Facility Security
Verification and Certification
Verifications
Issue or endorsement of certificate
Duration and validity of certificate
Interim certification

38

Section 3 Application
Ships engaged on international voyages:
passenger ships, including high-speed passenger
craft
cargo ships, including high-speed craft of 500
gross tonnage and upwards; and
mobile offshore drilling units
port facilities serving such ships engaged on
international voyages

39

Section 3 Application

Sections 5 to 13 and 19 apply to ships and


Companies (3.4)

Sections 5 and 14 to 18 apply to port facilities


(3.5)

40

Section 4 Responsibilities of Contracting Governments

Contracting Governments shall


set security levels
provide guidance
incidents

for

protection

from

security

Factors to be considered in setting security level

threat information is credible


treat information is corroborated
threat information is specific/imminent
potential consequences of security incidents
41

Section 5 Declaration of Security (DoS)

determined by the Contracting Government (5.1)


Ship can request (5.2)
shall be completed by:
the master or SSO (5.4.1)
the PFSO (5.42.2)
could be shared between a port facility and a ship
and shall state the responsibility for each (5.5)
DoS shall be kept by ship & port facility (5.6 & 5.7)
Minimum period to be kept (5.6 & 5.7)
42

Section 6 Obligations of the Company


clear statement emphasizing the masters authority
(6.1)
masters overriding authority and responsibility to
make decisions with respect to the security of the
ship (6.1)
request the assistance of the Company or of any
Contracting Government (6.1)
the company security officer, the master and the ship
security officer shall be given the necessary support
(6.2)
43

Section 7 Ship Security


A ship is required to act upon the security levels set by
Contracting Governments (7.1)
At security level 1, (7.2)

.1 performance of all ship security duties;


.2 controlling access to the ship;
.3 controlling the embarkation of persons and their
effects;
.4 monitoring restricted areas
.5 monitoring of deck areas and areas surrounding the
ship;
.6 supervising the handling of cargo and ship.s stores;
.7 security communication is readily available.
44

Section 7 Ship Security

At security level 2, (7.3)


additional protective measures

At security level 3,
further specific protective measures (7.4)

45

Section 8 Ship Security Assessment (SSA)


process of developing and updating the SSP (8.1)
The CSO shall ensure that the SSA is carried out by persons
with skills to evaluate the security of a ship. (8.2)
on-scene security survey and: (8.4)
.1
identification of existing security measures,
procedures and operations;
.2
identification and evaluation of key ship board
operations;
.3
identification of possible threats to the key ship
board operations
.4
identification of weaknesses, including human
factors in the infrastructure, policies and
procedures.
46

Section 9 Ship Security Plan (SSP)


Each ship shall carry on board a SSP approved by the
Administration. (9.1)
provisions for the 3 security levels. (9.1)
Entrust review and approval of SSP to RSOs (9.2)
Submission of SSP for approval shall be accompanied by the
security assessment (9.3)

47

Section 9 Ship Security Plan (9.4)

.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.6
.7
.8
.9

prevent weapons, dangerous substances and devices


identification of the restricted areas
prevention of unauthorized access to the ship
responding to security threats or breaches of security
responding to any security instructions issued by
Contracting Governments at security level 3
evacuation in case of security threats or breaches of
security;
duties of shipboard personnel assigned security
responsibilities
auditing the security activities
training, drills and exercises associated with the SSP
48

Section 9 Ship Security Plan


.10
interfacing with port facility security activities;
.11
periodic review of the plan;
.12
reporting security incidents;
.13
identification of the SSO;
.14
identification of the CSO (24 hour contact details);
.15
inspection, testing, calibration, and maintenance of
security equipment, if any
.16
frequency of testing or calibration, if any
.17
identification of the locations where the ship security
alert system activation points are provided*;
.18
procedures, instructions and guidance on the use of
the ship security alert system*

*Administration may allow to be kept elsewhere on board


49

Section 9 Ship Security Plan


Personnel conducting internal audits of the security activities
shall be independent of the activities being audited (9.4.1)
Which changes to an approved SSP (Administration shall
determine) shall not be implemented unless approved by the
Administration. (9.5)
SSP may be kept in an electronic format (9.6)
SSP shall be protected from unauthorized access or
disclosure (9.7)
SSP are not subject to inspection by PSCO (9.8)
clear ground --> limited access to the specific sections (9.8.1)
sections 9.4/2, 4, 5, 7, 15, 17, 18 are confidential (9.8.1)
50

Section 10

Records

to be kept on board for at least the minimum period specified


by the Administration: (10.1)

.1
training, drills and exercises;
.2
security threats and incidents
.3
breaches of security
.4
changes in security level;
.5
communications
.6
internal audits and reviews of security activities
.7
periodic review of the SSA
.8
periodic review of SSP
.9
implementation of amendments to the SSP
.10 maintenance, calibration and testing of security
equipment, if any;

shall be protected from unauthorized access/disclosure


51

Section 11

Company Security Officer (CSO)

The Company shall designate a CSO. (11.1)


A person designated as the CSO may act as the CSO
for one or more ships. (11.1)
A Company may designate several persons as CSOs
provided it is clearly identified for which ships each
person is responsible.
responsible. (11.1)

52

Section 11
Company Security Officer (11.2)
duties & responsibilities of CSO

.1
.2
.3

.4
.5

.6

.7

advising the level of threats;


SSAs are carried out;
development, submission for approval,
implementing and maintenance of the SSP;
SSP is modified to correct deficiencies;
internal audits and reviews of security
activities;
initial and subsequent verifications of the
ship;
deficiencies/non-conformities are addressed
and dealt with
53

Section 11

Company Security Officer (CSO)

.8
enhancing security awareness and vigilance;
.9
adequate training;
.10 effective communication and co-operation;
.11 consistency between security and safety
requirements;
.12 the SSP for each ship reflects the shipspecific information accurately;
.13 any alternative or equivalent arrangements
approved for a particular ship are
implemented and maintained.

54

Section 12
Ship Security Officer (SSO)
A SSO shall be designated on each ship. (12.1)
duties and responsibilities of the SSO (12.2)

.1
regular security inspections of the ship
.2
maintaining and supervising the implementation of the
SSP
.3
co-ordinating the handling of cargo and ships stores
.4
proposing modifications to the SSP
.5
reporting to the CSO any deficiencies and nonconformities
.6
enhancing security awareness and vigilance on board
.7
adequate training to be provided to shipboard personnel
.8
reporting all security incidents
.9
co-ordinating implementation of the SSP with CSO &
PFSO
.10 security equipment is properly operated, tested, calibrated and
maintained

55

Section 13

Training and Drills

CSO shall have knowledge and have received training. (13.1)


SSO shall have knowledge and have received training. (13.2)
Shipboard personnel having security duties/responsibilities
(13.3)
shall understand their responsibilities
shall have sufficient knowledge and ability to perform
their assigned duties
Drills shall be carried out at appropriate intervals (13.4)
CSO

effective coordination & implementation of SSP


by participating in exercises at appropriate intervals
56

Section 19

19.1

Verification and Certification

Verifications

19.1.1.1 initial verification


shall include a complete verification of its security system
and any associated security equipment and the approved
SSP.
security system and any associated security equipment
fully complies with the requirements
satisfactory condition/fit for the service

57

19.1

Verifications

19.1.1.2 renewal verification

not exceeding five years


security system and any associated security equipment fully complies
with the requirements
satisfactory condition/fit for the service

19.1.1.3 intermediate verification

at least one intermediate verification, if only one, shall take place


between the second and third anniversary date.
include inspection of security system and any associated security
equipment

19.1.1.4 additional verification

any additional verifications as determined by the Administration.

58

The verifications of ships shall be carried out by


officers of the Administration.The Administration
may entrust the verifications to a RSO (19.1.2)
security system and equipment after verification
shall be maintained to conform with the provisions
(19.1.4)
After verification has been completed, no changes
shall be made in security system and equipment
without the sanction of the Administration (19.1.4)
59

19.2

Issue or endorsement of certificate

International Ship Security Certificate shall be


issued after the initial or renewal verification
(19.2.1)
Such certificate shall be issued or endorsed either by
the Administration or by the RSO (19.2.2)

60

19.3

Duration and validity of certificate

International Ship Security Certificate shall not exceed 5


years (19.3.1)
When the renewal verification is completed within 3 months
before the expiry date of the existing certificate, the new
certificate shall be valid from the date not exceeding 5 years
from the date of completion of the renewal verification to a
date not exceeding 5 years from the date of expiry of the
existing certificate (19.3.2)

61

19.3

Duration and validity of certificate

When the renewal verification is completed after the expiry


date of the existing certificate, the new certificate shall be
valid from the date of completion of the renewal verification
to a date not exceeding 5 years from the date of expiry of the
existing certificate (19.3.2.1)
When the renewal verification is completed more than 3
months before the expiry date of the existing certificate , the
new certificate shall be valid from the date of completion of
the renewal verification to a date not exceeding 5 years from
the date of completion of the renewal verification (19.3.2.2)

62

19.3

Duration and validity of certificate

at the Renewal verification, if a new certificate cannot be


issued/placed on board, existing certificate may be endorsed
(19.3.4)
and shall be accepted as valid for a further 5 months (19.3.4)
certificate shall cease to be valid; (19.3.8)

.1

.2
.3
.4

Renewal/ Intermediate/ (Additional) verifications are not


completed within the period
certificate is not endorsed
company changes
flag changes

63

19.4

Interim certification

after 1 July 2004, Interim ISSC may be issued for; (19.4.1)

.1
a ship without a certificate, on delivery, prior to its entry/re- entry
into service
.2
flag changes from party Government
.3
flag changes from non-party Government
.4
company changes

Interim ISSC shall be valid for (19.4.4)

6 months
or until full certificate is issued, whichever comes first
may not be extended

No subsequent, consecutive Interim ISSC shall be issued


(19.4.5)
64

19.4

Interim certification

to be verified; (19.4.2)

.1
SSA completed
.2
copy of SSP (submitted for approval) provided onboard, and
SSP is being implemented
.3
Security Alert System is provided, if required
.4
CSO

.5
.6

.1 shall ensure
.1
review the SSP
.2
SSP has been submitted for approval
.3
SSP is being implemented on the ship
.2 established necessary arrangements for completion of Initial
Verification
drills, exercises, internal audits

arrangement for Initial Verification


Master, SSO & relevant shipboard personnel are familiar with

their duties specified in the Code


relevant provisions of the SSP
have been provided such information

65

Section 19

Verification and Certification

3 months before

Expiry date

19.3.2

19.3.2.2

5 years from
Expiry date

Valid 5 years from previous expiry date

Valid 5 years from Renewal Verification

19.3.2.1

Valid 5 years from previous expiry date


66

ISM CODE
InternationalSafetyManagement
Code
Merupakan suatu sistim manajemen untuk mengoperasikan
kapal dengan aman dan memiliki kepedulian terhadap
lingkungan yang diberlakukan secara internasional

67

Legalitas yang mendasari:


1. Resolusi IMO No. 741 (18) dan
Amandment MSC 104 (73)
2. SOLAS 1974 Chapter IX

68

Sasaran ISM Code

Menjamin keselamatan kapal dilaut


Mencegah terjadinya korban jiwa
Menghindari kerusakan lingkungan
Mencegah rusak/hilangnya kapal dan
muatannya

69

Sasaran Manajemen Keselamatan perusahaan

Melakukan pengoperasian kapal yang aman


Memberikan lingkungan kerja yang aman
Siap menghadapi semua resiko yg teridentifikasi
Meningkatkan kemampuan personil yg ada di darat dan
dilaut
Siap dalam menghadapi situasi darurat

70

Persyaratan Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan

Kebijakan keselamatan dan perlindungan lingkungan


Instruksi dan prosedur yang terdokumentasi tentang
pengoperasian kapal yang aman dan memiliki kepedulian
terhadap lingkungan
Penetapan tingkat dan jalur komunikasi antara kapal dan
darat
Prosedur untuk melaporkan kecelakaan dan ketidaksesuain
yang terjadi
Prosedur persiapan dan penanggulangan keadaan darurat
Prosedur internal audit dan tinjauan manajemen
71

Persamaan ISPS code dan ISM code

Sistem manajement
Sistim harus didokumentasikan
Sistim harus dapat dibuktikan
Diterapkan disetiap perusahaan dan setiap kapal
Sistim harus di internal audit dan direview oleh
manajemen
Melibatkan banyak orang
Berlaku internasional
Mandatory
72

Perbedaan ISPS code dan ISM code


ISPS code
Security
CSO, SSO & PFSO
SSA & SSP
Di kapal dan pelabuhan
19 Chapter
Ada kewajiban
pemerintah (CG), Flag
state, perusahaan & kapal

ISM code
Safety & environment
DPA
Safety Manual
Di kapal dan perusahaan
16 elemen
Hanya kewajiban
perusahaan dan kapal

73