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KOMPONEN

SIMETRI
SISTEM
TIGA FASA
SEIMBANG

SISTEM
SATU FASA

SISTEM
TIGA FASA
TIDAK
SEIMBANG

SISTEM
3 FASA
SEIMBANG

KOMPONEN
SEIMBANG
KOMPONEN IMETRI

PHASA SQUENCE
1. Sistem 3 fasa Seimbang

R = R1 + R2 + R3
Y = Y1 + Y2 + Y3
B = B1 + B2 + B3

BalanceSupplay
Hubungan Bintang

Hubungan Delta

Balance Load

2. Sistem 3 fasa Tidak Seimbang

Jika Znetral = 0

Jika Znetral

URUTAN FASA
A1
A2
C2 =
2.A2
A0 =B0 =C0
C
B

B1=
2.A1

C1 =
.A1

B2 =
A1

ARUS (I) DAN


TEGANGAN (V)

OPERATOR a /

untuk menyatakan komponen simetri

Diagram Fasor berbagai tingkat dari Operator a /

Positive Squence (ABC)

Negative Squence (CBA)

Zero Squence

Dengan menggunakan OPERATOR a , maka urutan positip dapat ditulis


menjadi :

Demikian juga untuk urutan negatip :

Sehingga untuk fasor tak seimbang dinyatakan dalam :

Atau dalam bentuk matriks dinyatakan sbb :

Komponen
Vektor
Simetri

Komponen
Vektor Fasa
Komponen
Operator a

Invers of Symetrical component matrix

3. Mencari komponen simetri


Komponen simetri didapat dengan menjumlahkan ketiga Fasor, dengan
mengingat (1 + a + a2) = 0 , maka :

Dengan cara yang sama yaitu baris 2 x a dan baris 3 x a2, akan diperoleh :

4. Sequence Impedances
a. Impedances Transmission

Symmetrical component

Phasa component

Zs = Rs + j.Ls
Zm = M

b. Impedances Y conect Load

(a) positive, (b) negative and (c) zero sequence.

c. Impedances conect Load

d. Impedances for Syncrounus Generator

Asumsi balanced operation which


implies Ia + Ib + Ic = 0

Similar expressions can also be written for the other two phases. We
therefore have

Since the synchronous generator is operated to supply only balanced


voltages we can assume that Ean0 = Ean2 = 0 and Ean1 = Ean .

Since the synchronous generator is operated to supply only balanced voltages


we can assume that Ean0 = Ean2 = 0 and Ean1 = Ean

The sequence diagrams for a synchronous generator are shown in

(a) positive, (b) negative and (c) zero sequence.

Va0 = Van0 + Vn .
Vn = - 3ZnIa0

5. Three Phase Power

The three-phase power in the original unbalanced system is given by

Q = 3 ( Vao.Iao.Sin 0 + Va1.Ia1.sin1 + Va2.Ia2.sin 2)

Urutan nol dari Transformator dua belitan

Urutan nol dari Transformator tiga belitan

Urutan nol dari Generator

Urutan nol dari Beban

Example :
Let us consider a set of balanced voltages given in per unit by

These imply

And then

Va1 = Va
Vb1 = Vb
Vc1 = Vc

Solusi :

A 25 MVA, 11 kV generator with Xd =20 % is conected throug a transfromer,


line and a transformer to bus that supplies a motors as shown in Fig.9,8.
with motor has Xd= 25 % and Xd = 30 % on a base of 5 MVA,6,6 kV.
The three phase rating of the step up transformer is 25 MVA, 11/66 kV
with a leakage reactance of 10 % and that of the step down transformer is
25 MVA, 66/6,6 kV with a leakege reactance of 10 %.
The bus voltage at motors is 6,6 kV. Choose a system base of 25 MVA

a. The system is per unit


b. The shown sequence positive, negative and zero for system