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INFTRASTRUCTURE &
TRANSPORTATION
ENGINEERING
Ir. Adji Adisasmita, M.Si, M.Eng.Sc, Ph.D.
TRANSPORT SECTOR

AIR TRANSPORT SUB SECTOR

SEA TRANSPORT SUB SECTOR

LAND TRANSPORT SUB SECTOR

INFTRASTRUCTURE
INFRASTRUCTURE: the technical structures that support
a society, such as roads, water supply, sewers,
electrical grids, telecommunications, and so forth.
Functionally, infrastructure facilitates the production of
goods and services, and also for the distribution of
finished products to markets, as well as basic social
services such as schools and hospitals
Role of Infrastructure Strategic:
Infrastructure is a strategic sector development
Support the acceleration of the economy, but it can
also inhibit, if
not done correctly investment
Infrastructure to support economic growth
Impact of poverty eradication, directly or indirectly
2 Improving the quality of community life

Priority on Infrastructure
Development
in RPJPN 2005-2025
RPJM 1
(2005 - 2009)

RPJM 2
(2010 - 2014)

RPJM 3
(2015 - 2019)

Mendorong pertumbuhan
ekonomi melalui penciptaan
iklim yg lebih kondusif,
termasuk membaiknya
infrastruktur.
Percepatan pembangunan
infrastruktur didorong
melalui peningkatan peran
swasta dengan meletakkan
dasardasar kebijakan dan
regulasi serta reformasi dan
restrukturisasi
kelembagaan.

Percepatan pembangunan
nfrastruktur dengan lebih
meningkatkan kerja sama
antara pemerintah dan
dunia usaha
Pengembangan jaringan
infrastruktur transportasi,
serta pos dan telematika
Peningkatan pemanfaatan
energi terbarukan,
khususnya bioenergi, panas
bumi, tenaga air, tenaga
angin, dan tenaga surya
untuk kelistrikan
Pengembangan sumber
daya air & pengembangan
perumahan & permukiman.

Ketersediaan infrastruktur
sesuai tata ruang
Berkembangnya jaringan
transportasi
Terpenuhinya pasokan
tenaga listrik yg handal &
efisien
Mulai dimanfaatkannya
tenaga nuklir untuk
pembangkit listrik
Terwujudnya konservasi
sumber daya air dan
terpenuhinya penyediaan
air minum untuk kebutuhan
dasar Pengemb infrastruktur
perdesaan mendukung
pertanian.
Pemenuhan kebutuhan
hunian didukung system
pembiayaan jangka
panjang.
Terwujudnya kota tanpa
permukiman kumuh.

RPJM 4
(2020 - 2025)
Kondisi maju & sejahtera
makin terwujud dengan
terselenggaranya jaringan
transportasi pos
dan telematika yg andal
bagi seluruh masyarakat
yang menjangkau seluruh
wilayah NKRI
Tercapainya elektrifikasi
perdesaan & elektrifikasi
rumah tangga;
Terpenuhinya kebutuhan
hunian yg dilengkapi
dengan prasarana dan
sarana pendukung bagi
seluruh masyarakat yang
didukung oleh sistem
pembiayaan perumahan
jangka panjang dan
berkelanjutan, efisien, dan
akuntabel sehingga
terwujud kota tanpa
permukiman kumuh.

Infrastructure Types

Transportasi

Air baku

Air minum
Sarana pengambilan air
baku,
Jaringan transmisi dan
distribusi,
Instalasi pengolahan

Jalan tol dan jembatan


tol
Jaringan telekomunikasi
Sampah dan air limbah
Listrik

Pengairan

Pelabuhan laut,
Sungai,
Danau,
Bandar udara,
Jaringan Rel KA

Pembangkitan,
Transmisi,
Distribusi

Migas

pengolahan,
penyimpanan,
pengangkutan,
Transmisi,
distribusi

TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
T
r
a
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s
p
o
r
t
a
t
I
o
n

Meaning

OD
Place Utility
Time Utility
Delivered Demand

Function

Promoting Sector
Servicing Sector

Benefit

Economic
Social
Politic

Transportation Sector
T
R
A
N
S
P
O
R
T
A
T
I
O
N
S
E
C
T
O
R

Land Transport
Sub Sector

Sea Transport
Sub Sector

Air Transport
Sub Sector

Pipelines

Mix
Transport
6

Transport Infrastructure
Plans

Demand

Capacity

Cost Estimates

Facility Layout Plans


Transport
Infrastructure
Plans

Terminal Area Plans

Transport Access Plans

Environmental Plans

Regional Land Use Plans

Airport System
Air Transport
Network

Runway
Taxiway

A
S

Apron
Terminal Building
Parking Area &
Vehicle Circulation

L
S

Access Road
System From/to
Airport

Passenger Flow
Aircraft

Layout of Flights Operation Safety Zone(KKOP)

1
0

Map of Noise impact Zone (BKK)

1
1

Noise Limitation Area


CATEGORY
AREA

DESCRIPTION

INDEX
VALUE
WECPNL

Region I

Can be used for various activities, except to build new schools 70WECPNL<7
and hospitals, while for building schools and hospitals are
5
advised to existing fitted with silencers or sound-proof trap.

Region II

Can be used for various activities, except for building schools, 75WECPNL<8
hospitals, and new homes, while schools, hospitals and existing
0
homes are advised to trap equipped with silencers or
soundproof.

Region III

Can be used to construct buildings or facilities in the airport


which is specifically used for the operation of the airport is
equipped with a silencer or sound-proof trap. And can be used
as green belt or agricultural facilities and environmental
controls that did not attract the birds coming.

WECPNL80

Source: . Directorate General of Air Transport Regulation/109/VI/2000

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2

Airport &
Environment

Figure Eco-Airport Digest Map


Source: Narita Airport Website (http://www.narita-airport.jp)

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3

AIR POLLUTION RESOURCES

Open dumping
waste incineration

Emision:
landside
vehicles
activities

Landing

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4

AIR POLLUTION MANAGEMENT

Embankment Barrier + panel


to reduce noise of aircraft
engine height: 3m, length:
500m.
Rubber insulator can reduce
aircraft noise

Nursery Plant as a place of


plants cultivation for
airport landscaping

1
5

AIR POLLUTION & NOISE MANAGEMENT

Use of APU/HGU when aircraft


stand by in apron, can reduce
gas emission & noise from
aircraft engine
Use of ear cover & nose mask to
protect workers from gas emission
& noise
Tree planting (palm, bambu
dan pohon dengan tajuk
rapat), can absorb dapat
menyerap gas hasil
pembakaran fosil & can
reduce noise
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6

WATER POLLUTION MANAGEMENT


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1

Clarifier

Drainage channel

Active mud
Barscreen
Scruw pump
Flood control folder

Mud drier pond

1
7

WASTE MANAGEMENT

Waste transported & throw to


garbage disposal, ready to
burn

Incinerator burning room, after


waste burning processing

Waste from garbage disposal


place, hold & transported via
trash bin, ready to burn

Incinerator House

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8

SOIL POLLUTION

Grease spilled from aircraft


engine

Rubber Deposit

Avtur Spilled

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9

KKOP IMPACT

Animal enter the airside


area

People enter the airside


area

Housing next to airside area

Gasoline station next to


Runway 07L
2
0

SOCIAL-PUBLIC HEALTH MANAGEMENT

Road infrastucture

Community Development Center

Public toilet

2
1

Airport & Land Use


Purpose of the Land Use Plan
Promote compatible land uses adjacent to Airport
to benefit airport operations, as well as the areas
neighborhoods, economic development, and
cultural resources
Protect current aviation investments including the
new terminal expansion and runway expansion
Recommend regulatory tools and public investment
opportunities to support the goals of the plan
Provide a land use plan that requires future
rezonings to be consistent

2
2

Land Use Goals and Objectives


Protect the quality of life of residents including
health, safety and welfare
- Protect integrity of exiting residential
neighborhoods
- Discourage developments of incompatible
uses on
vacant land
- Enhance quality of the environment in existing
neighborhoods that are impacted by airport
noise

2
3

Encourage economic growth that enhances


airport operations and surrounding
development
- Upgrade and enhance airfront commercial
property
that is declined, is currently vacant, or is
underutilized
- Encourage commercial development that
respects the
integrity of existing residential development
- Respect natural features and promote
sustainability
during the airport environs development process

2
4

Transportation Goals and Objectives


Improve transportation multi-modal systems and
capacity to service the airport and its vicinity
- Maintain and improve the Interstate/Highway
System, major arterials and local streets as
warranted
- Maintain and improve the multi-modal systems
including bus, bicycle and pedestrian access

2
5

Gateway Image Goals and Objectives


Encourage a unique experience for airport
patrons by creating gateways and enhancing the
airport vicinitys image through urban design
- Create a sense of place that represents local culture
and heritage
- Develop a design theme for the airport and its
adjacent corridors
- Incorporate green space by developing greenways
along creeks to link neighborhoods, parks and
schools

2
6

Airport Corridor: Purpose

Purposes of Metropolitan Development Corridors:


To provide connectivity between different
transportation modes for moving both people and
goods
To link places of employment with places where
people live - and to provide access to a mix of
metropolitan facilities
To offer a balance of transportation choices that will
reduce reliance upon automobile movement and
promote public transit
To encourage the most financially- and
environmentally-appropriate transportation modes
possible
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7

Airport Corridor: Planning Principles

To accommodate a variety of land-uses


including residential, commercial, institutional,
employment and recreational uses, in urban
areas and appropriate institutional,
commercial (e.g. farm markets), employment,
and recreational uses (e.g. fairgrounds), in
rural areas
To accommodate a variety of transportation
modes including automobile and truck traffic,
public transit (light rail), and where feasible,
cycling and hiking trails
To ensure that the Airport Corridor does not
create barriers between adjacent communities
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8

To define clear edges, between urban and rural


communities in order to preserve and protect
valuable agricultural land
To facilitate the continuity of natural heritage
systems to create a green system that runs
through the entire City thus facilitating the
movement of people as well as birds and animals
To create an appropriate image for, and entry
into, using appropriate highway design,
landscaping, signage, lighting and highestquality urban and building design

2
9

Airport Corridor: Concept Plan

3
0

Development Corridor: a new by-pass


and catalyst for growth

3
1

8th Circle: a new mixed-use,


residential/commercial development at the
entrance
IGS Area C: new high-density, mixed-use
Community accommodating new residents
to be expanded
west side of Airport corridor

National Park: linked over the


Corridor to create one of major
metropolitan
recreational and conservation centres

3
2

Urban Greenfields:
the area that will
expand into in next 20
years

3
3

Light Rail Transit: serving the


corridor and linking it with both
the Central City and the Airport
(either alongside or via the
existing rail corridor)

3
4

Rural Growth Centres: existing


residential
and employment centres that will
accommodate future rural
residential
New
industrial estates plus:
expansion
related affordable housing units
and
associated commercial, health and
education facilities

3
5

Rural/Urban Fringe: a
transition zone
between the City and
surrounding agricultural belt that can accommodate uses
shared by each

3
6

Airport: currently planned


for
significant expansion to
accommodate an increase of
passengers

3
7

Airport
Employment/Business
Centres: new research and
employment centre to
accommodate high-tech, global
industries and businesses, as
well as media facilities

3
8

Agricultural Belt:
permanent new belt
surrounding the City,
preserving and enhancing
agricultural lands

3
9

WEST JAVA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

4
0

West Java International Airport in West Java


Land Use Plan

4
1

KERTAJATI AERO CITY CONCEPT

4
2

WEST JAVA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT


MASTERPLAN

LEGEND :

PHASE-I Stage-1 (2007-2013)


PHASE-II (2020-2025)
PHASE-I Stage-2 (2013-2020)

PHASE-III (2025-2035)

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3

KERTAJATI AEROCITY MASTER PLAN

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4

Port Development
Plans

Space & Land Requirements


Economic Development
Port related Industrial Development

Cargo Flows & Competition per Trade


Port Development
Plans

Type & Size of Vessel


Access to & from the Sea
Land Uses & & Urbanisation
Safety & Environmental Impact
4
5

NORTH KALIBARU TERMINAL DEVELOPMENT

West Channel
East
Channel

Turning Basin
600 m (1,5 L )

Bridge Access

4
6

MALOY PORT

4
7

MALOY PORT

4
8

DUBAI MARITIME
CENTER

4
9

LAND TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURES


Land Use, Transport System & Traffic Flows
- Hospital
- Hotel
- Mall/Supermarket
- Supporting facilities
such as
road access, parking
area,
waterfront walkways,
etc.

5
0

4
9

5
0

BUS TERMINAL

5
1

5
2

Integration on Land Uses and Railway


Design
Purpose: To develop the role of railways in the
Metropolitan Transportation
How: - Development of urban/sub-urban which
oriented
to transport

- The(Jabotabek
main concept:
ACCESSIBILITY
In practice
Masterplan
Study):

- Promotion
of Public
- Improving
the quality
of rail Transport
services
- Improved connections to the station and inter-mode
- Development of high density residential areas near
railway stations

5
3

Concept for Railway Catchment Area

5
4

PIPELINE TRANSPORT

5
5

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REFERENCES
Adisasmita, S.A. (2005). Air Travel Demand Forecasting and Passenger Flow Distributions at Airport Terminal Building
Ph.D.
Thesis, the University of Newcastle, Australia, 2005.
______________ (2007). Design and Development of Hasanuddin International Airport based on Eco Airport
System, Tribun Timur Newspaper, Indonesia.
______________ (2007). Team Leader, Consultant Report. AJAT-3 : ASEAN-Japan Airport Study Project. PT. Konsultasi
Pembangunan Atmadasa. Department of Transport, Directorate General Air Tranport, Republic of
Indonesia.
______________ (2007). Hasanuddin Airport Management in Environmental Perspectives. Environmental Agency Magazine,
Makassar, Indonesia.
______________ (2008). Airport Management. , Book for Postgraduate Student, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia.
______________ (2009). Transportation and Urban Planning. Book for Postgraduate Student, Hasanuddin University,
Makassar, Indonesia.
______________ (2009). Team Leader, Consultant Report. Study on Management and Monitoring of Environment at
Gorontalo and Tarakan Airports. Ministry of Transportation, Directorate General of Air
Transportation, Republic of Indonesia, 2009.
______________ (2010). Mega City and Mega Airport. Book for Postgraduate Student, Hasanuddin University, Makassar,
Indonesia.
Anonim. (2003). Eco-Airport Guideline, Aviation Bureau Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transportation.
_______ (no date available). Stinson Airport Vicinity Land Use Plan.
_______ (no date available). Land Use Compatibility. Metropolitan Airports Commission.
_______ (no date available). Airport Corridor Concept Plan. Greater Amman Municipality.
Ashford, N., & Wright, P.H. (1992). Airport Engineering (3rd ed). New York: A Wiley-Interscience Publication.
David, C. (1995). The Impact of New Aircraft Development on the Design and Conctruction of Civil Airports, Proc. Instn.
Civ. Engrs. Transp., vol. 111, (1995), pp. 59, 63.
Kasanda, J.D. (2006). New Urban Development At And Around Airports. The University of North Carolina.
Kunkel, B. (no date available). Airports and Compatible land Uses. Mead & Hunt.
Raguraman, K. (2001). Key Concepts and Issues in Airport Capacity Planning and Management, Journal of
Aviation Management, pp. 1, 131.
Website Narita Airport (http://www.narita-airport.jp).

THANK YOU

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