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Barriers prevent the

communication

from being effective

Types Of Communication
Barriers

Semantic
Emotional or Psychological
Physical
Organizational
Cross Cultural
Personal

Semantic

Unclear message
Faulty translation
Specialists language
Unclassified assumptions
Symbols with different
meaning

Solution

Use words which have clear meaning, by


using short and simple sentence, and also
by using visual aid whenever possible

Emotional or Psychological
Barrier

Self-centered attitude
Self image
Selective perception
Filtering
Resistance to change
Closed mind
Poor communication skills
State of health
Lack of concentration
Low emotional state

Solution

Start by Listening to Others


Clarify if there is confusion
Stay calm and be positive
Beware of the feelings that
arise in yourself and in others
as you communicate, and
attempt to control them

Physical Barrier

Noise
Improper time
Distance
Noise in Factory
Environment disrupts oral
communication
Information Overload

Solution

Reduce the source of


noise
Increase strength of
transmission or move
to more conducive
environment
Prepare well written
documents

Organizational Barrier

Organizational policy
Organizational rules and regulations
Status relationship in organization
Structure of the organization
Lack of organizational facilities

Wrong choice of channel


Fear of challenge to authority
Underestimation of their subordinates

Ignoring the junior

Solution
Feedback and upward
communication
Improve listening and
writing skills
Write concisely and be
specific
Increase coordination

Cross Cultural barrier

Different cultures (and sub cultures)may


have different rules and norms.
Different languages and cultures
represent national barrier which is
particularly important for organizations
involved in overseas

Solution
Help may be needed through a cross
cultural consultant who will show
teams and individuals how to manage
communication and work together
more cohesively and productively
Carry a translating dictionary
Instead of trying to communicate with
hand signs and offend them, research
some different signs that mean
something polite and respectful

Personal Barriers
Personal
Barriers
Barriers in
Superiors

Barriers in
Subordinat
es

Barriers in Superiors
Attitude of superiors
Lack of confidence in
subordinates
Insistence of proper channel
Ignoring communication
Filtering of information
Message overload
Lack of time and awareness

Barriers to Subordinates

Unwilling to
communicate
Lack of proper incentive

Solution

Try to analyze the meaning of the information


before passing it on and set priorities for
dealing with the information flow
Keep managers and colleagues well informed
Encourage lower-status employees to keep
you informed by being fair-minded and
respectful of their opinions
Status barriers can be overcome by a
willingness to give and receive bad news
Send information such as statistics, facts,
figures and conclusions through a note, memo
or a written report