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Industrial Training Tnb Distribution

Industrial Training Tnb Distribution 9 TH March 2015 – 31 may 2015 MOHAMAD SYAFIQ BIN ABDULLAH

9 TH March 2015 – 31 may 2015

MOHAMAD SYAFIQ BIN ABDULLAH

EE089872

MAY 2015

CONTENT

Self introduction Industrial training objectives Company profile Training activity

CONTENT  Self introduction  Industrial training objectives  Company profile  Training activity

SELF INTRODUCTION

Name : Mohamad Syafiq Bin Abdullah Date of birth : 17 November 1993 ID number : EE089872

Age : 21

Hometown : Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang Institution : Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN) Course : Bachelor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (Hons.)

SELF INTRODUCTION  Name : Mohamad Syafiq Bin Abdullah  Date of birth : 17 November

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING OBJECTIVE

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING OBJECTIVE  To provide the students to the world of work so that they

To provide the students to the world of work so that they can relate theoretical knowledge with application in industry

To build and increase creative and positive thinking when overcoming engineering problems. To improve my soft skills such as communication, management and team-work. Enhancing the potential of the student to with the situation that they encounter.

Company profile

Company profile The TNB a public listed company with responsibilities: • To generate, transmit, distribute and

The TNB a public listed company with responsibilities:

To generate, transmit, distribute and sell energy to customer throughout Peninsular Malaysia.

To plan, install, operate and maintain electricity installation for the generation, transmission and

distribution of electricity.

To achieve the above objectives, the company owns and operates power plants and the National Grid and installed for this purpose, customer service center, call management center, substations and administrative offices throughout Peninsular Malaysia. TNB`s core activities are in generation, transmission and distribution of electricity which are being handled by its subsidiaries:

TNB Generation Sdn Bhd

TNB Transmission Network Sdn Bhd

TNB Distribution Sdn Bhd

TNB Vision: To be among the leading corporation in energy and related business globally.

TNB Mission: We are committed to excellence in our product and service.

Company profile The TNB a public listed company with responsibilities: • To generate, transmit, distribute and

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING SCHEDULE

9 MARCH 2015 UNTIL 31 MAY 2015

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING SCHEDULE 9 MARCH 2015 UNTIL 31 MAY 2015 DATE DEPARTMENT AMOUNT MAIN ACTIVITY REPORT

DATE

DEPARTMENT

AMOUNT

MAIN ACTIVITY

REPORT

OF DAY

     

PROJECT PLANNING

 

09/03/2015

-

PLANNING

28

CABLE

EN NORAZMI BIN ARIFFIN

05/04/2015

&

CONSTRUCTION

SUBSTATION

OVER HEAD

06/04/2015

   

METER

 

-

METERING

28

EN MOHD FADZLI BIN

03/05/2015

SERVICE

MOHD TAHIR

04/05/2015

   

SUBSTATION

 

-

28/05/2015

OPERATION

28

OVER HEAD

EN. AZLI HILMI BIN

&

FAUDZI@MD RAWI

MAINTENANCE

CABLE

FAULT FINDER

consturction department

consturction department    In construction department, they responsible to construct substation and overhead pole.

In construction department, they responsible to construct substation and overhead pole. Usually, contractor will do the initial work like dig hole for joining, places the switchgear or transformer, place the pole and the other work.

Apart from that, TNB also responsible to shut down the substation that involved in the construction before the contractor start doing their job to avoid accident from happening.

The important work in construction job is joining cable to make sure that the new substation will get the supply to operate . Furthermore joining cable is done when there is breakdown which happened because the cable is damaged.

Type of cable

Type of cable Paper Insulated Lead Cable (PILC) PILC Amp XLPE Amp 25 90 150 320

Paper Insulated Lead Cable (PILC)

PILC

Amp

XLPE

Amp

25

90

150

320

70

160

240

400

120

230

500

550

185

290

300

380

Cable

Ratin

Cross Linked Polyethylene (XLPE)
Cross Linked Polyethylene (XLPE)

Joining cable

There two types of joining cable that are:

Straight through joint Termination joint

Joining cable  There two types of joining cable that are:  Straight through joint 

Termination joint

straight through joint

Joining cable  There two types of joining cable that are:  Straight through joint 

Breakdown of cable

Breakdown of cable
Breakdown of cable
Breakdown of cable

Low Voltage Overhead Lines

Presently all new lines are constructed using aluminum. Copper conductors are used only for repair of copper lines.

Advantages of Aluminum :

cheaper than copper lighter and easier to handle less scraper value, not prone to theft

Disadvantages of Aluminum :

softer than copper and required careful handling oxidizes easily making connections more difficult

Low Voltage Overhead Lines   Presently all new lines are constructed using aluminum. Copper conductors

Conductor rating

ABC Amp BARE Amp 1X16+25 80 3/132 120 3X16+25 80 7/122 170 3X95+70 190 7/122 170
ABC
Amp
BARE
Amp
1X16+25
80
3/132
120
3X16+25
80
7/122
170
3X95+70
190
7/122
170
3X185+120
300

Poles For LV Overhead Line

Four types of poles are used in the TNB :

Wood Poles Pre-stressed Spun Concrete poles Reinforced Concrete Poles

The functions of poles are:

To support conductors and accessories such as fuses and cable boxes The safety clearance from the ground, building are maintained

The standard lengths are:

10 meter

-

for HT cable (HV)

Poles For LV Overhead Line Four types of poles are used in the TNB : 

High Voltage Cable

High Voltage Cable   The 11kV supply that feeds into switchgear comes in the XLPE

The 11kV supply that feeds into switchgear comes in the XLPE cable (HV cable).

In one cable, have three cores (R, Y, B) which is connected to the three terminals of incoming feeder of the switchgear.

From the switchgear, the supply goes to the HV side of the transformer through XLPE cable

High Voltage Cable   The 11kV supply that feeds into switchgear comes in the XLPE
High Voltage Cable   The 11kV supply that feeds into switchgear comes in the XLPE

Switchgear

Transformer

Feeder Pillar

Planning department

Planning department  This department is responsible to estimation the project include in designing, planning in

This department is responsible to estimation the project include in designing, planning in all new project requested by users and modified system available depends on situation.

This department also responsible to calculate maximum demand, cable size, calculate load, and determine suitable transformer size and switchgear for consumer

Estimating the project

Estimating the project        Estimation of substation project involves working

Estimation of substation project involves working out the cost of the following Land Salaries Materials Contract Transport Overhead

Estimating the project        Estimation of substation project involves working

SITE VISIT

SITE VISIT Site visits are essential before planning starts. The following can be obtained from site

Site visits are essential before planning starts. The following can be obtained from site visits.

  • a) Sources of supply

  • b) Types of loads

  • c) Site information on:

Trees

Ground conditions and terrain Other services on site such as telephone lines and water mains. Drains, stream, ponds etc

MAKING A Site visit

MAKING A Site visit
MAKING A Site visit
MAKING A Site visit

Metering unit

Type Of Metering Used To Consumer :

  • a) Ordinary power consumer meter (OPC meter)

  • b) Large Power consumer meter (LPC meter)

Metering Ordinary Power Consumer (OPC) Large Power Consumer (LPC) 1. Electromechanical single phase 1. Electromechanical three
Metering
Ordinary Power Consumer (OPC)
Large Power Consumer (LPC)
1. Electromechanical single
phase
1. Electromechanical three
phase (LV)
2. Electronic single phase
2. Electronic three phase (LV)
3. Electromechanical three
phase
3. Electromechanical three
phase (HT)
4. Electronic three phase
4. Electronic three phase (HT)

Type of metering

Type of metering There are three types of metering 1. Single phases metering (OPC meter). 

There are three types of metering 1. Single phases metering (OPC meter).

The current value uses in fuse about 10-50 A. Use two wire connected from supply to meter board consumer Having one cut out and one neutral link

Type of metering There are three types of metering 1. Single phases metering (OPC meter). 
Type of metering There are three types of metering 1. Single phases metering (OPC meter). 
Type of metering There are three types of metering 1. Single phases metering (OPC meter). 

2. Three phase metering (OPC meter)

The current value uses in fuse about 10-60 A. Used four wire connected from supply to meter board consumer Having one neutral link and three cut out

2. Three phase metering (OPC meter)  The current value uses in fuse about 10-60 A.
2. Three phase metering (OPC meter)  The current value uses in fuse about 10-60 A.
2. Three phase metering (OPC meter)  The current value uses in fuse about 10-60 A.

3. Large power consumer meter (LPC meter). Use digital electronic meter Use current transformer

3. Large power consumer meter (LPC meter).  Use digital electronic meter  Use current transformer
3. Large power consumer meter (LPC meter).  Use digital electronic meter  Use current transformer
3. Large power consumer meter (LPC meter).  Use digital electronic meter  Use current transformer

Component of meter

a) The devices at meter board are

Component of meter a) The devices at meter board are Cut out Neutral link Meter

Cut out

Component of meter a) The devices at meter board are Cut out Neutral link Meter

Neutral link

Meter

Component of meter a) The devices at meter board are Cut out Neutral link Meter

Thank you

Thank you