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Designing a high accuracy,3D auto

stereoscopic eye tracking display, using a


common LCD monitor

Guided By :
S Nandan
Assistant
Professor
Dept. of ECE
MBCET

Presented By :
Sajin Thomas Sabu
Roll No : 10 408 016

Dept of ECE, MBCET

INTRODUCTION

The 3D displays have been classified into 4


groups
Stereoscopic displays
Auto stereoscopic displays
Volumetric displays
Holographic displays

Design and building of a low cost and practical


auto stereoscopic display is explained here.

Dept of ECE, MBCET

CONTD...

Does not need to wear special glasses.

Uses eye tracking to give a large degree of


freedom to viewer movement

Spatial light modulation(SLM) is used

Stereo image pair is screened on the usual LCD


simultaneously but in different columns of pixels.

Dept of ECE, MBCET

3D USING PARALLAX BARRIER

2 images are merged


to a single frame
Parallax barrier is used
It separate the vision of
the right and the left
One image is seen by
only one eye
This will make the seen
appear as 3D

Dept of ECE, MBCET

DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE


SYSTEM

LCD Display

Parallax barrier

Camera

Eye tracking software

Suitable image projecting


technology

Dept of ECE, MBCET

ASSUMPTIONS

Users face is 70cm in front of the display

Distance between eyes is 6cm

The slot to pixel ratio is 1:5

Slot diameter is 0.245mm and distance between


the slots is 1.27mm

For making at least 1 pixel of parallax for user's


eyes, it is necessary to make a gap between the
LCD surface and the cloven mask.

Dept of ECE, MBCET

MAKING THE PARALLAX


BARRIER

A sheet of
transparent Plexiglas
with the thickness of
3mm is used

Using photo-plot
method mask is
plotted on a special
film

Dept of ECE, MBCET

FACE TRACKING AND EYE


DETECTION SYSTEM

It consists of
o Automated initial face detection system
o Subsequent face tracking system
o Eye detecting method

The Face Tracking application performs real time


face tracking in a webcam.

After detecting face position, eyes are detected in


order to find out the proper offset for sub-pixels.

Dept of ECE, MBCET

CREATING A 3D IMAGE FROM 2


IMAGES

A frame including both left and right images is


captured from the source

The position of the user's pupils will be calculated

The two images are combined into one frame

Every column of pixels from each image will be


side-by-side with the corresponding column from
the other image

Dept of ECE, MBCET

APPLYING THE OFFSET


ALGORITHM

The face detection algorithm outputs


an angle value between 90 and -90

By every 1.6 steps that the user


moves in a direction the system
slides the mixed image one sub-pixel
to the opposing direction

After displacing three steps, the


system moves the image two pixels
along the user's movement direction

After a displacement of six sub-pixels,


the system resets the image position
to its initial value.

Dept of ECE, MBCET

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3 DIFFERENT PROJECTION
TECHNIQUES

Static raster image


projection

Dynamic raster image


projection

Vector image projection

Dept of ECE, MBCET

11

DISADVANTAGES

The 3D display have decreased intensity

The resolution decreases to 1/5th of the original

Difficult to display large volume objects, which is


possible with volumetric display

Dept of ECE, MBCET

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CONCLUSION

Building of a low cost and practical stereoscopic


display that does not need to wear special
glasses has been presented

Position tracking gives a large degree of freedom


to viewers movement

Increasing the parallax accuracy using fade in


and fade out technique in sub pixels could be a
future work along this project

Dept of ECE, MBCET

13

REFERENCES

[1]. Liang Xinan, Xu Xuewu, Sanjeev Solanki, Pan Yuechao,


Ridwan Bin Adrian Tanjung, Tan Chiwei, Xu Baoxi, Chong
Tow Chong 3D holographic display with optically addressed
spatial light modulator, 3DTV Conference: The True Vision
- Capture, Transmission and Display of 3D Video, doi:
10.1109/3DTV.2009.5069618.
[2].
I.
Sexton,
P.
Surman
Stereoscopic
and
autostereoscopic display systems, IEEE Signal Processing
Magazine 16: 85-99, 1999.
[3]. P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen et al A
Survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video
Technology, 17(11): 20-25, 2007.

Dept of ECE, MBCET

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THANK YOU

Dept of ECE, MBCET

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