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TOC-V Series

Tips & Tricks ...


from experience !
Main Topic:
the Flowline

Needed Accessories
For simple Troubleshooting:
nothing

For extended Troubleshooting:


Tube Viton 5x2 x 30mm
P/N: 631-41200-08
(Meterware)

Tube Tylon 7x5mm x 1m


P/N: 630-00315-05 (Meterware)

Tube Teflon 6x4 x 50mm


P/N: 016-37517 (Meterware)

Flowmeter (optional)
P/N: 630-08646-51

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Sparge Line


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

2
1

NDIR-Detector

8-Port-Valve

7
8

Drain

TC-Port

Filter

5mL-Syringe
SpargeGas

IC-Port

Cooling Loop

CO2Absorber
Pump

HalogenScrubber

~ 80mL

Pressure
Regulator

Dehumidifier
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankCheck
Vessel

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Overview


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

Drain

TC-Port

Filter

5mL-Syringe

150mL

IC-Port

Cooling Loop

CO2Absorber
Pump

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

150mL

Dehumidifier
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankCheck
Vessel

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH +TNM-1 Overview


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

Drain

TC-Port

Filter

5mL-Syringe

cell
space purge
650mL

IC-Port

Cooling Loop

NOXAbsorber
Pump

HalogenScrubber

TNM-1
Pressure
Regulator

150mL

Dehumidifier
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

to cell space
purge

BlankCheck
Vessel

Phosphoric
Acid

O3Deact.
Drain
Vessel

O3-Gen.

150mL

CLM
Det.
500mL

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Troubleshooting


Observation:
4 5
3

no
Peaks
6 8-Port-Ventil
ASI-V
Baseline 2(in test7 mode) much too high
1
0-Port
8
Peaks much too
low
TC-Port
Flowmeter show normal flow rate
5 mL-Spritze
1. Step:
Snap of/bent inlet(L) tube from CO2Absorber
Watch Drain-Vessel (at the same time
check water level)
Result:
(a) Water level o.k., but no air bubbles to see
Druckregler
big leakage in System
Befeuchter
(b) Water level o.k., air bubbles
to see
possible little leakage in System
Trgergas

BlankCheck

NDIR-Detector

Filter

IC-Port
CO2Absorber
HalogenScrubber

Dehumidifier
Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Troubleshooting


... localise big leakage
4 5
3
6 8-Port-Ventil
ASI-V
2
7
2. Step:
1
0-Port
8 in IC-Reaction chamber
Check gas flow
TC-Port
Result:
5 mL-Spritze
(a) No gas flow big leakage in flow line
before IC-Reaction chamber

NDIR-Detector

Filter

IC-Port

(b) Gas flow to see big leakage in flow line


behind IC-Reaction chamber

CO2Absorber
HalogenScrubber

Druckregler

Dehumidifier
Befeuchter

Trgergas

BlankCheck

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Troubleshooting


Sure
Verdnnungswasser
... localise big leakage
4 5
3
(leakage
behind
IC-Reaction
chamber)
6 8-Port-Ventil
ASI-V
2

NDIR-Detector

0-Port
8
3. Step:
TC-Port
Remove upper end connection of
Halogen-Scrubber
5 mL-Spritze
Shut opening at Halogen-Scrubber
Watch Drain-Vessel

Filter

IC-Port

Result:
(a) No air bubbles in Drain-Vessel
big leakage in flow line before HalogenScrubber
(b) Air bubbles in Drain-Vessel to see
Druckregler
leakage in flow line behind HalogenScrubber
Befeuchter

Trgergas

BlankCheck

CO2Absorber
HalogenScrubber

Dehumidifier
Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Error Location


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

Drain

TC-Port

Filter

5mL-Syringe

IC-Port

Cooling Loop

150mL

CO2Absorber
Pump

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

150mL

Humidifier

Carrier Gas

Dehumidifier
BlankCheck
Vessel

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Error Location


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

TC-Port
5
6

NDIR-Detektor

8-Port-Valve

TC-Port

Drain

Injection tube, 0,5mm inner


(638-41269-04)
Filter
Filter
Sealing (631-43404)

5mL-Syringe
O-Ring, Teflon (036-11408)
IC-Port
O-Ring, Viton 4DP10A (036-11209)

Khlschleife

CO2Absorber
Absorber

SchlauchSchlauchpumpe
pumpe

Pressure
Regulator

150mL

O-Ring, Viton (036-11219)


or sub
Entfeuchter
feuchterViton Teflon coated
O-Ring,
(630-01566)

Humidifier

Carrier Gas

HalogenHalogenScrubber
Scrubber

BlankBlankCheck
Check
Gef

PhosphorPhosphorsure
sure

DrainDrainGef

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Error Location


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

Connection Combustion Tube / CoolingNDIR-Detektor


Loop

5
6

8-Port-Valve
Combustion Tube

TC-Port

Drain

Filter
Filter

Nut screw

5mL-Syringe

Khlschleife
Khlschleife

IC-Port

Teflon-Sealing
(035-62994-03)

CO2Absorber
Absorber

SchlauchSchlauchpumpe
pumpe

HalogenHalogenT-Piece (638-40152)
Scrubber
Scrubber

Pressure
Regulator

150mL

Entfeuchter
feuchter
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankBlankCheck
Check
Gef

PhosphorPhosphorsure
sure

Cooling Loop
(638-41314)
Teflon-Sealing for
connection of Loop
(035-62972-05)
DrainDrain-

Gef

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Error Location


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

5
6

Other leakage possibilities


in
NDIR-Detektor
location 1:

8-Port-Valve

Drain

TC-Port

5mL-Syringe

tube connections behind


carrierFilter
gas Flowmeter
tube connections at/in
Humidifier
tube connections at Check
IC-Port
Valve
tube connection to TC-Port
hole/crack in Cooling LoopCO2Absorber
connection at other end of
Cooling Loop HalogenScrubber
connections at Blank-CheckVessel and Non Return Trap
lower
Ent- tube connection to ICfeuchter
Reaction chamber
Sealing IC-Port(analog TCPhosphoric Port) Drain-

Cooling Loop

Pump

Pressure
Regulator

150mL

Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankCheck
Vessel

Acid

Gef

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Error Location


Sure

Verdnnungswasser

Other leakage possibilities in location 2:


4 5
3
6 8-Port-Ventil
ASI-V
2
7 at IC-Port
side connection
1
0-Port
connections at8 Dehumidifier
TC-Port
water level in Drain-Vessel
5 mL-Spritze
lower connector Halogen-Scrubber

NDIR-Detector
Drain
Filter

150mL

Other leakage possibilities in location 3:

Khlschleife
upper connector Halogen-Scrubber
connections Filter
Schlauchconnections measurement cell

Consumable:
Druckregler
Halogen-Scrubber (630-00992)
Membrane Filter (046-00044-12)
Befeuchter
CO2-Absorber (630-00999)
Trgergas

IC-Port

CO2Absorber

pumpe

HalogenScrubber

Dehumidifier
BlankCheck
Gef

Drain
Vessel

TOC-V Series NDIR-Detector


Sure

Verdnnungswasser

Structure:
ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

Chopper
/ 7
2
Light
1 Source
8

8-Port-Ventil
Short Cell

5 mL-Spritze
Short Cell inlet

Long Cell Gas Inlet


Long Cell

Drain

TC-Port

150mL

Filter

Long Cell outlet


Short Cell outlet

Detector

Khlschleife

IC-Port
CO2Absorber

Motor
Schlauchpumpe
Micro Flow

HalogenScrubber

Sensor
to L of CO2 Absorber
from Short Cell outlet
Druckregler

from CO2 Absorber S


to Purge Gas Inlet

Entfeuchter

Important: Always change


Halogen-Scrubber
(630-00992) and
Befeuchter
BlankMembrane Filter (046-00044-12)
Check in time, otherwise gold
Trgergascoating of inner cell surfaceGef
will be damaged!

TOC-V Series NDIR-Detector


only one dynamic wide working range!
automatic Zero-Adjustment
heated to 50C (Temperature-Compensation)
Baseline Monitor can be switched between two resolutions.

TOC-V Series NDIR-Detector


Switch off automatic Zero-Adjustment(only
for testing purposes) by switching SW1
from NOR to Test Position
Adjustment of Baseline position possible
with Potentiometer VR1 and VR2

TOC-V Series NDIR-Detector


1. Baseline with activated Zero-Adjustment
2. Switching SW1 from NOR to Test position
3. Baseline with de-activated Zero-Adjustment
(In this case slightly increased)

Due to slightly
increased position
of real baseline, there
is nothing to see in
view 20mV.

TOC-V Series NDIR-Detector


Adjustment of Baseline position with Potentiometer VR1
(if VR1 is at end position, continue with VR2)

Baseline adjusted
to approximately 5mV

TOC-VCXH Bypass Test

With at the beginning mentioned


accessories, the various system
components can be bypassed
specifically, either the exact flow
rate can be examined, e.g. to find
out the cause of contamination
(Effect: Baseline position too high )

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Overview


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

Drain

TC-Port

Filter

5mL-Syringe

150mL

IC-Port

Cooling Loop

CO2Absorber
Pump

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

150mL

Dehumidifier
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankCheck
Vessel

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Baseline Monitor - View normal


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

TC-Port
View : 1000mV

Filter

5mL-Syringe
IC-Port

Khlschleife

CO2Absorber

Schlauchpumpe

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

150mL

Entfeuchter
Befeuchter

Carrier Gas

150mL

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXH Bypass Test


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

5mL-Syringe

Realisation:
Connect outlet
Drain of carrier gas
Flowmeter directly to inlet of
measurement cell.

Filter

150mL

IC-Port

Cooling Loop

CO2Absorber
Pump

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

150mL

Dehumidifier
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankCheck
Vessel

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Baseline Monitor - View Bypass Test


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

TC-Port
View: 20mV

5mL-Syringe

Filter

150mL

Khlschleife
CO2Absorber

Schlauchpumpe

Pressure
Regulator

150mL

Carrier Gas

Befeuchter
1. Baseline
normal
2. Air Peak from changing
tube connections

3. Typical deviation due to


contamination
of various
Entfeuchtercomponents =>
system
should not exceed 20mV
(in view 1000mV
Drain- this small
differenceGef
is hardly to see)

What is different in TOC-VCXN Instruments ?


Main difference between
TOC-VCXH(High Sense) and TOC-VCXN(Normal Sense)
Flowline construction
no IC-Reaction-Vessel
=>IC- Measurement is done via acidification(HCL)
in syringe and then sparging out the generated
CO2 directly from the syringe to NDIR detector.

Gas flow diagram TOC-VCXN Overview


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)
3

ASI-V

2
1

0-Port

NDIR-Detector

8-Port-Valve

7
8

TC-Port

Drain
Filter

5mL-Syringe

~ 230mL

Cooling Loop
CO2Absorber
~ 80mL

HalogenScrubber

~ 150mL

Pressure
Regulator

Dehumidifier

~ 130mL

Humidifier

Carrier Gas

Mist
Trap

Adjusted Flowmeter reading is (due to back pressure


of restrictors) only ~130mL, real flow is ~230mL

Drain
Vessel

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXH TC - Inj.


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

Drain

TC-Port

5mL-Syringe

Filter

150mL

TC/NPOC
Measurement
IC-Port

Cooling Loop

CO2Absorber
Pump

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

150mL

Dehumidifier
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankCheck
Vessel

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXH Sampling


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

8-Port-Valve and Syringe Unit:


5
6

8-Port-Valve
bad recovery for repeated injections of one sample
Drain
possible
leakage at 8-Port-Valve or Syringe
TC-Port
Filter

5mL-Syringe

TC/NPOC
Messung

Nut Screw
IC-Port

Cooling Loop

upper part of 8-Port-Valve


CO2with outer thread
Absorber
Teflon-Rotor (631-20265)

Schlauchpumpe

HalogenScrubber

8-Port-Valve complete,
inclusive Rotor (638-56135)

21 87

Pressure
Regulator

150mL

Entfeuchter
5mL-Syringe
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

NDIR-Detektor

BlankCheck
Gef

Phosphorsure

DrainGef

(638-59213)

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXH Sampling


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

Exchange of plunger tip:


5
6

NDIR-Detektor

8-Port-Valve

TC-Port

5mL-Syringe

DrainUse

TC/NPOC
Messung
2-3 cuts
Cooling Loop

a sharp knife to make 2-3 incisions at


Filtertip and remove it
bottom of old plunger
from the plunger.
IC-Port
CO2Absorber

Schlauchpumpe

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

Pushing down on the plunger,


press the leading edge of
new plunger tip (638-59213-01)
straight into the plunger tip seat
Ent-

150mL

Plunger
new Tip

feuchter
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankCheck
Gef

Plunger tip seat


Phosphorsure

DrainGef

O-Rings

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXH TC-Port


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

Sample Injection TC-Port:


5
6

8-Port-Valve
e.g. appearance of double Peaks

NDIR-Detektor

TC-Port

5mL-Syringe

Drain

Filter

TC/NPOC
Messung
Cooling Loop

IC-Port
CO2Absorber

Schlauchpumpe

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

150mL

Entfeuchter
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankOK
Check
Gef

not OK
(side Injection) DrainPhosphorsure

Gef

not OK
(liquid sprays)

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXH Catalyst


Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

Exchange of Catalyst:
5
6

8-Port-Valve
e.g. decreasing sensitivity

TC-Port

5mL-Syringe

Drain

ca. 100 mm

TC/NPOC
Messung

TC-CombustionFilter
Tube
(631-41524SE)
IC-Port
Quartz Wool
(630-00557)

Schlauchpumpe

2 Platinum Sheet
(630-00105-01)

150mL

CO2Absorber
HalogenScrubber

Entfeuchter
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

ca. 5 mm

Cooling Loop

Pressure
Regulator

NDIR-Detektor

ca. 130 mm

Acid

BlankNormal Sense
Check
Gef Catalyst Phosphorsure
(638-60116)

High Sense
Drain- Catalyst
Gef(630-00996)

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXH IC-Inj.


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)

ASI-V
0-Port

NDIR-Detector

5
6

8-Port-Valve

Drain

TC-Port

5mL-Syringe

Filter

150mL

IC
Measurement
IC-Port

Cooling Loop

CO2Absorber
Pump

Pressure
Regulator

HalogenScrubber

150mL

Dehumidifier
Humidifier

Carrier Gas

BlankCheck
Vessel

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXH IC-Port


Sure

Verdnnungswasser

Regeneration of IC-solution:
4 5
3
6 8-Port-Ventil
ASI-V
2
7
e.g. decreasing
sensitivity,
broad IC-Peaks
1
0-Port
8
TC-Port
5 mL-Spritze

NDIR-Detector
Drain
Filter

150mL

IC
Measurement
Khlschleife
Valve
switches
(click)

peristaltic
Pump

IC-Port
CO2Absorber
HalogenScrubber

Druckregler

Trgergas

150mL

25%
Befeuchter
Phosphoric
Acid
(630-00710SE)

Dehumidifier
BlankCheck
Gef

Phosphoric
Acid

Drain
Vessel

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXN IC-Inj.


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)
3

ASI-V

2
1

0-Port

NDIR-Detector

8-Port-Valve

7
8

TC-Port

5mL-Syringe

Drain
Filter

~ 230mL

IC
Measurement
Cooling Loop
CO2Absorber

~ 80mL

HalogenScrubber

~ 150mL

Pressure
Regulator

Dehumidifier

~ 130mL

Humidifier

Carrier Gas

Mist
Trap

Drain
Vessel

Sample flow diagram TOC-VCXN IC-Inj.


Acid

Dilution Water

(HCL)
3

ASI-V

5
6

2
1

0-Port

5mL-Syringe

~ 80mL

~ 150mL

Pressure
Regulator

Carrier Gas

7
8

NDIR-Detector

Check
of acid addition:
8-Port-Ventil
Observation:
Drain
TC-Port
IC-results generally
too low
Peak of 1. injection lower then following Peaks
IC
1. Step:
Messung
check filling of acid container,
Khlschleife
check correct
acid sampling tube position

Filter

2. Step:
Are there air bubbles/no liquid in acid sampling tube
(especially near 8-Port Valve) to observe ?
=> check if tube connection at 8-Port Valve is tight
=> exchange possible defective tube (638-41337-03)
~ 130mL
Ent=> exchange possible defective Rotor (631-20265)
feuchter
=>Befeuchter
exchange complete
8-Port
Valve
(638-56135),
Schmutzinclusive RotorFalle
DrainGef

~ 230mL

CO2Absorber

Good luck

for
(hopefully seldom)
Troubleshooting