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Textile Machines Research

Institute Liberec

Fluid mechanics applications

in textile machinery

Karel Admek

Air jet weft picking

Main nozzle
Relay nozzle
Stretching nozzle
Suction nozzle
Picking channel
Reed dents

Friction influence
braking nozzle
U-loop picking
Pneumatic picking +
Yarn-flow interaction

Principle of air jet weft picking

Main nozzle

relay nozzles

stretching + suction nozle

Main nozzles

Influence of mixing tube shape on velocity field

(cylindrical stepped divergent)

Relay nozzles

Hydraulic analogy

Channel relay jet

Stretching nozzle

Simple cornered shape (left) gives much higher noise level

(because of flow separation, vortexes, backflow...)

Suction nozzle

Principle of wall effect

very simple design, very silent, economic and reliable operation

Flowfield along the reed wall

Interaction of free flow with reed wall

Interactions of mutual interactions of several free flows

Reed dents

Study of influences of various reed wall parameters on flowfield image

(wall filling, shape of dent edges, angle of attack)

Total quantity of motion in reed channell

The most part of momentum supplied from nozzle

is flowing outside channel
(theoretical values without flow reflection by reed dents etc.)

Reed channel - cross section

Influence of nozzle setting and adjjusting on total quantity of motion in reed channel

Y-shaped reed channel - geometry

Braking nozzle
Flat cross-section of velocity field from nozzle outlet

Weft picking as U-loop

Air jet picking of very heavy wefts - modelling verification of hypothesis

Pneumatic picking + beat-up (principle)

Velocity field of picking phase (up) and transition phase between

picking and beat-up (down) modelling of hypothesis

Other applications
of numerical flow modelling in
textile machines / technologies

Air flow in carding clothing

Flow during rotation (40 m/s)

drum diameter of 1200 mm, dent height 1 mm approx.

Ait flow in common suction channel

(open-end spinning machine)

Global flowfield and its detail

Technology melt-blown
(velocity field)

Production of very fine fibre fleece from melted polymer

Difusser of gas burner

(for glass fibre production)
Former shape
with flow separation

New shape
without flow separation

Increasing of drying process intensity

Design modification
improves the heat
transfer and steam
escape together with
noise level reduction

Flow paths in impact dryer

Air inlet and outlet in proximity of dried (bottom) surface

- difficult steam effluent

Cloth permeability

Pressure field on surface of complicated cloth structure

Make drying before painting

primary design

more intense

Noise level of blow gun

Pressure field of open gun (up)

and with strainer (down)

Gas burner

Flow paths in one section of rod burner

Velocity field around rotating drums

Flowfield in system of printing machine

Surface temperature of heat exchanger

Local overheating of heat transfer surface

Air curtain

Curtain air flow separates cold surroundings (left)

and warm inner space (right)