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Coordinative System and

Senses
Created by

Krisnhaliani Wetarini (04)


Main Map
Human Nervous System
received by change to be
Stimulus Sensory receptors on senses Impulse

transmitted by
Effectors
interprets the information
to
Central Nervous
then transmit it by motor nerve to Sensory nerve
(muscle)

Response to Stimulus
Based on their function,
nerve can be classified
to :
• Sensory nerve,
transmits impulse
from sensory nerve
ends to central nerve
• Central nerve, brain
and spinal cords
• Motor nerve, transmits
impulse from central
nerve to the nerve on
effectors
• Interneuron nerve,
consists of connector
and adjuster
Nervous Cell
Arrangement
• Dendrite is formed by elongation of the nerve
cell body forming some short balance. Its
function is to receive impulse which then
is transmitted to the cell body

• Nerve cell body is a part of nerve cell that


has cytoplasm and nucleus

• Axon is elongation of nerve cell body, longer


than dendrite, and usually just one on
each cell

• Myelin sheath is the layer of the axon, it’s


composed of Schwann cell

• Node of Ranvier is the uncovered spaces


Nervous System Division
CONSCIOUS NERVOUS
Central Nervous
 Peripheral Nervous

System System
• Brain • Consist of fibrous nerves
 Cerebrum (largest) which are formed by
 Cerebellum (second elongation of brain
largest) (cranial nerve) and
 Mesencephalon spinal cord (spinal
(midbrain)
nerve)
• Spinal Cord
 Function : to transmit
impulse to and
from the brain and
controlling many
reflex activities
CONSCIOUS BODY
MOVEMENT
received by change to be
Stimulus Sensory receptors on senses Impulse

transmitted by
Effectors interprets the information
to
Brain Sensory nerve
(muscle) then transmit it by motor nerve to

Conscious
Response to Stimulus
UNCONSCIOUS NERVOUS
• Sympathetic Nerve, a
set of nerves that
elongate from spinal
cord to form ganglion
then go to parts of
body that are
coordinated

• Parasympathetic
Nerve, a set of nerve
that starts from brain
and down spinal cord
(sacral), elongate to
form ganglion then go
REFLEX BODY
MOVEMENT
received by change to be
Stimulus Sensory receptors on senses Impulse

transmitted by
interprets the information
Effectors
Spinal Cord Sensory nerve
(muscle) then transmit it by motor nerve to
to

depends on how
strong the
impulse is
Reflex Response to Stimulus Brain
HUMAN SENSES
Sense of Vision - Eyes
• Eyes have photoreceptors
• An eye consists of :
 Eyelashes
 Eyebrows
 Eyeball
 Eyelid
 Lacrimal Gland
• Eyeball wall is layered by :
 Schlera, the outer layer
that’s hard and white
 Choroid, the mid layer that
consist of much blood
vessel
 Retina, the inner layer that
consists of many
receptors, bacillus and
cone nerve

Eye Lens
• Eye lens is located on the back of
iris and linked to the lens holder
muscle

• Accommodation capacity is the


convex ability of lens

• Aqueous humor is the liquid


between the lens and cornea

• Vitreous humor is the concentrated


liquid between lens and retina
Eye Disorders
• Hypermetropia

• Myopia

• Presbiophy

• Cataract

• Color Blindness

• Astigmatism
Sense of Smelling - Nose
• Human sense of
smelling has
chemoreceptor
which is sensitive to
chemical stimulus in
the form of gas or
vapor
• Human smell sensory
receptor consist of
smell nerve cells
called cilia located
Sense of Taste - Tongue
• Human sense of
taste has
chemical
receptor called
chemoreceptor
• The receptor is a
bud-shape that’s
located in a canal
beside papilla
that’s shared on
the tongue
surface
Sense of Hearing - Ear
Ear Arrangement

• The Outer Ear


 Auricle
 Ear canal
 Eardrum
• The Middle Ear
 3 hearing bones
• Hammer bone
(malleus)
• Anvil bone
(incus)
• Stirrup bone
(stapes)
 Eustachian tube
Sense of Sensory - Skin
• Human sense of
sensory has some
kinds of receptors,
but all of them are
mechanorecepto
rs.

• Each touch receptor


is modified from
sensory nerve
Thank You for Attention
 Om Santih , Santih , Santih Om