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HYSYS PROCESS SIMULATION

TRAINING

Chemical Engineering Department


Faculty of Industrial Engineering
Institute Technology of Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya

STARTING WITH HYSYS

Description:
Start HYSYS
Select Components
Define and select a Fluid Package
Enter and re-enter Simulation Environment
Add and Specify material stream

Memulai HYSYS
Buka HYSYS dan akan muncul tampilan: Maximize/Minimize/Close icons
Menu bar

Tool bar

Desktop

Trace Window

CREATING A NEW CASE

Untuk memulai suatu New Case, syarat harus/wajib


sudah menetapkan
Component List (CL)
Property Package (PP)
Kombinasi tersebut biasanya disebut Fluid Package
Fluid Package = CL + PP

CREATING A NEW CASE


Select File/New/Case or Ctrl+N or click on new case
new case

to start a

Adding Components

Hypocomponent

Component List
Pure Component : secara langsung diambil dari data base
Hypocomponent : didefinisikan oleh user

Contoh

Kita mulai dengan komponen yang terdiri dari


campuran hydrocarbon C1, C2, C3, i-C4

Property
Thermodinamika
tersedia untuk
masing-masing
komponen
dengan menyorot
komponen ybs
dan kilk tab View
Component

SELECTING FLUID PACKAGE

Fluid Package = CL + PP
Property package (PP) haeus sesuai dengan
komponen yang dipilih.

Fluid Package dalam


HYSYS
Model yang tersedia:

Equation of State (EoS): 10 model


Activity Coefficient: 8 model
Vapor Pressure: 3 model
Advanced Com-Thermo
Lain-lain

Model yang dipilih?

Pengetahuan Thermodinamika

EQUATION OF STATE

Ideal gas
Van der Waals
Redlick-Kwong (RK)
Peng-Robinson (PR); khusus dikembangkan
untuk industry petroleum
PR-Stryjex and Vera (PRSV): extended dari PR
untuk menangani highly non ideal sistem
Kabadi Danner: modifikasi dari SRK untuk VLE
H2O-HC in the dilute region
Sour PR
Sour SRK

EQUATION OF STATE

Hanya valid untuk sistem yang sedikit polar


Handal untuk memprediksi properti dari
sebagian besar hidrocarbon
Dapat digunakan pada kondisi operasi yang
sangat luas

RESUME EQUATION OF STATE

Activity Coefficient Models


KORELASI

PREDIKSI

Margules
Van Laar
Wilson
NRTL
UNIQUAC
ASOG
UNIFAC

Syarat: harus ada


data eksperimen
Interaksi antar
komponen

Prediksi tidak
membutuhkan
data eksperimen
Metode kontribusi
grup (interaksi
berdasarkan grup
fungsional)

Summary of Recommended Models

Aplikasi
Biner

Margules

Van Laar

Wilson

NRTL

UNIQUAC

LA

LA

Azeotrop

LLE

NA

Sistem encer

Berassosiasi

NA

NA

NA

NA

Multikomponen

Polimer
Extrapolasi

A=applicable; LA=limited application; NA = not applicable; G = good;


? = questionable

RESUME APLIKASI
PROPERTY PACKAGE (PP)
Type of Systems

Recommended Property Package

TEG Dehydration

PR

Sour Water

PR, Sour PR

Cryogenic Gas Processing

PR, PRSV

Air Separation

PR, PRSV

Atm Crude Towers

PR

Vacuum Towers

PR, Braun K10

RESUME APLIKASI
PROPERTY PACKAGE (PP)
Type of Systems

Recommended Property Package

Ethylene Towers

Lee Kesler Plocker

High H2 Systems

PR, ZJ

Chemical Systems

Activity Models, PRSV

HF Alkylation

PRSV, NRTL

TEG Dehydration with


Aromatics

PR

HC Systems where H2O


solubility in HC is important

Kabadi Danner

Pilihan Model Thermodinamika (Chen & Mathias,


2002)
Sistem kimia

Pilihan pertama

Pilihan kedua

Air Separation

Peng-Robinson (PR)
Soave Redlich-Kwong

Keadaan Terkait

Gas Processing

PR, SRK

BWRS

Gas Treating

Kent-Eisenberg
Electrolyte NRTL

Data, parameters, models for


mixed amine

Petroleum Refining

BK10, Chao-Seader,
Grayson-Streed, PR,
SRK, Lee-Kessler-Plocker

Heavy crude characterization

PetrochemicalsVLE

PR, SRK, PSRK

Petrochemicals-LLE

NRTL, UNIQUAC

Chemicals

NRTL, UNIQUAC, PSRK

UNIFAC

Data, parameters

Electrolytes

Electrolyte NRTL,
Zematis

Pitzer

Data, parameters, databank,


model polyelectrolytes

Polymer

Polymer NRTL, PC-SAFT

SanchesLacombe EoS,
UNIFAC-FV

Data, parameters, databanks,


models for polar polymer and
block copolymer

NRTL,
UNIQUAC,
UNIFAC

Problem area

Data, parameters

Data, parameters, models for


VLLE

ADDING MATERIAL STREAM


Klik material stream

Klik Enter Simulation Environment . . .

Klik 2 kali

FLASH SEPARATOR

Description:
Find the flowrate of the liquid and vapor outlet
streams of the flash separator
Operate a flash separator in HYSYS to model the
flash separation process

A flash separator is performed to determine the product


conditions and phases

FLASH SEPARATOR
Liquid at a pressure equal to or greater than its bubblepoint pressure
flashes or partially evaporates when the pressure is reduced, producing
a two-phase system of vapor and liquid in equilibrium.
Consider a simple process in which a multicomponent feed is allowed to
separate into a vapor and a liquid phase with the phases coming to
equilibrium, as shown in Figure below

FLASH SEPARATOR
An overall material balance and component material balances can be
written as:
F=V+L
Fzi = Vyi + Lxi
where F = feed flowrate (kmols1)
V = vapor flowrate from the separator (kmols1)
L = liquid flowrate from the separator (kmols1)
zi = mole fraction of Component i in the feed ()
yi = mole fraction of Component i in vapor ()
xi = mole fraction of Component i in liquid ()

FLASH SEPARATOR
Consider a system containing one mole
The material-balance equations are:
L+V=1

zi xi L yiV
zi xi (1 V ) yiV
yi
Dengan K , , subtituting
i
xi

since

y 1
i

xi

yi
Ki

yi

zi K i
1 V ( K i 1)

zi K i
i 1 V ( K 1) 1
i

Flash Calculation of a ethanol-water


mixture
Mulai dengan new case
Pilih components ethanol and water
Pilih FLUID PACKAGE yang sesuai (UNIQUAC) dan check parameter dari
UNIQUAC apakah tersedia, kalau tidak tersedia apa implikasinya apa dan hal
apa yang harus dilakukan?
Enter Simulation environment manager dan buat stream dan namai stream
tersebut
Buat perhitungan flash untuk mendapatkan distribusi uap dan cairan jika kondisi
feed adalah F= 100 kgmole/h, P= 150 kPa danT=92 deg C. Dengan menekan
F12 dan memilih vessel terus separator dan beri nama stream keluar Vapor dan
Liquid, untuk inlet pasang Feed.

Flash Calculation of a ethanol-water


mixture

Flash Calculation of a ethanol-water


mixture

Flash Calculation of a ethanol-water


V
mixture

Flash Calculation of a ethanol-water


mixture