Anda di halaman 1dari 62

WCDMA

RNP&RNO
Conspectus

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

www.huawei.com

Main Topics

WCDMA RNP Principles and Procedures

WCDMA RNO Principles and Procedures

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

WCDMA RNP Principles and Procedures

WCDMA RNP Overview


WCDMA Radio Network Dimensioning
WCDMA Nominal Planning
WCDMA Final Design

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Definition & Scope

RNP Definition

According to deployment and evolution requirements, as well as costeffectiveness consideration, generate the amount of Network Elements (NE),
NE configuration, and Transmission design between different NE.

Network Planning Scope


Core network focus on CN element dimension and configuration.

Radio network focus on RAN element dimension and configuration

Transmission network

Core Network

focus on link dimension and


configuration between network elements.
RNS

Iu

Iu
Iur

RNC
Iub
Node B

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Iub
Node B

RNS
RNC
Iub
Node B

Iub
Node B

WCDMA network planning


solution

WCDMA Radio network planning (NodeB/RNC)

WCDMA Transmission network planning (Iu/Iur/Iub)

WCDMA Core network planning (CS/PS domain)

WCDMA RNP tools development

Network KPI

Soft-handover ratio and probability


Best Server Distribution

Access probability of
different services

U-Net
Huawei

Pilot pollution

Estimation result
CE dimension

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Objectives of network planning

The
TheRF
RFDesign
Designof
ofwireless
wirelesssystem
systemrevolves
revolvesfour
four
main
mainprinciples.
principles.These
Theseprinciples
principlesare
areCoverage
Coverage,,
Capacity
Capacity,,Quality
Qualityand
andCost
Cost..And
Andfurther,
further,adapt
adaptto
to
the
thefuture
futurenetwork
networkdevelopment
developmentand
andexpansion.
expansion.

Coverage

Capacity

Quality

Cost

Realization of excellent balance of all aspects via network planning


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Difference between WCDMA and GSM


GSM

WCDMA

Adopts cellular network structure

Realize 11 frequency reuse

and frequency planning to guarantee

intra/inter-frequency interference

for it is related to environment and

Users supported can be calculated

neighbor cell interference.

from carriers and timeslots if the

Supports multiple services with

interference meets the requirements.


Provides voice service

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

different speed rate and QoS, and each


service has different coverage range.

384K

The capacity per WCDMA cell is soft

144K

HUAWEI Confidential

64K

12.2K

WCDMA RNP procedure


overview
Capacity

Deployment

Interference
Coverage

Quality

Dimensioning

Site survey

Detailed planning
& pre-optimization

Nominal Planning

Final design
preparation

Preliminary design

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

CONTENTS

WCDMA RNP Overview


WCDMA Radio Network Dimensioning
WCDMA Preliminary Design
WCDMA Cell Planning

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Input & Output


Input

Output

Coverage related

Coverage area

Coverage

dimensioning

probability

Capacity related

Coverage design

Service model
User density

QoS requirements

GoS requirements

Demodulation

System

HUAWEI Confidential

Sector structure

Number of carriers

Cost on network
construction

Capacity design

threshold

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Number of sites

configuration

Traffic model

Quality related

System

10

Site cost

Equipment cost

WCDMA Link Budget

PL_DL

Soft Handover
Area

Antenna

Cable

Duplexer

SHO Gain

Slow Fading Margin


Penetration Loss

Interference Margin
Fast Fading Margin
Margin for
Background Noise

PL_UL
TX RX
Node B

Antenna

Duplexer

Body Loss
Interference Margin
Fast Fading Margin
Margin for Background
Noise

TX RX
UE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Receiver Sensitivity
PDCH_Max
Minimum Required Signal Strength
EiRP
PUE_Max

11

Network Dimension flow


chart
Service-specific Information
Service Type, Proportion
Service Density
Service Forecast

Applicable Propagation Model

COST231-HATA,
...
COST231-HATA,.. .

UL cell range
with
specific

UL
loading

DL Loading
in specific

circumstances

Cell Range

Geographical information
DU
km2
2
U DU
km??km^2
2
km^2
SUU
km??
2
SU
??km^2
RA
km
2
RA
HW
km??km^2
HW
??km

Number of Site

Shrink the Cell


Y (Capacity-limited)
Cell Range
Add the amount of configuration
(sectorization, carriers,...)
Adjust
UL loading

Downwards

If the upper limit


of configuration

be reached

Equal to
Cell Loading vs.
Maximum Allowable Value

SiteConfiguration

Large than
Less than (Coverage-limited)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

12

CONTENTS

WCDMA RNP Overview


WCDMA Radio Network Dimensioning
WCDMA Nominal Planning
WCDMA Final Design

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

13

Nominal Planning

Based on the result of network dimension, preliminary design


present Information of theoretical sites including following :

Site coordinates.

Engineering parameters such as Antenna height, azimuths and tilts.

Radio parameters such as scrambling code ,transmit power of


different channels , etc.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

14

Preliminary design flow chart

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

15

WCDMA simulation

About simulation

Unlike GSM network, in CDMA coverage and capacity are too interrelated to be predicted accurately, so we introduced Monte Carlo
simulation to evaluate the performance of a radio network.

Ec Ec/Io pilot pollution distribution

Soft (softer) handover area analysis

UE transmit power

Eb/No, access successful rate of each service

Monte Carlo is a static simulation


During Monte Carlo simulation, the performance of the network is analyzed
over various instances in time (snapshot), where UEs are in statistically
determined places with the given traffic model. The ability of each terminal to
make its connection to the network is calculated through an iterative process.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

16

Simulation flow-chart
RNP Input &
Equipment
configuration

Run Pilot
Field
Strength
Prediction

Setup
network
Design

Traffic model

Pilot
Level
OK?

Traffic
Forecast
Avail?

YES

NO

NO
YES

Neighborhood
planning criteria

Output
parameters

Scrambling code
allocation criteria

Neighbors planning&
Scrambling code
allocation

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

YES

Run UMTS
Traffic
simulation

NO

Performance
Requirements
Fulfilled?

HUAWEI Confidential

Setup fixed
Load values

Make predictions
(Services)

17

Simulation output

Simulation output

Pilot coverage (Ec, Ec/Io) in the


target areas
Best server plot
Coverage probability distribution of
each service
Access failure distribution and
statistic of each service
Continuous coverage areas of each
service
Cell load distribution of downlink and
uplink
Pilot pollution distribution
Soft handover areas statistic of each
service

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

18

Preliminary design output


InInpreliminary
preliminarydesign
designstage,
stage,we
wechoose
chooseinitial
initialsites,
sites,do
donetwork
networkperformance
performance
simulation,
simulation, conduct
conduct adjustment
adjustment according
according toto the
the simulation
simulation result,
result, until
until
finally
finallywe
weget
getall
allperformance
performancerequirements
requirementsfulfilled,
fulfilled,then
thenwe
wecan
canoutput
outputthe
the
<<XX
<<XX project
project WCDMA
WCDMARadio
Radio Network
Network preliminary
preliminary design
design Report>>
Report>> with
with
following
followingcontents:
contents:

Project background introduction

Target areas information such as population, district division etc.

Radio network solution: sites distribution plot, sites list etc.

Performance summary based on the simulation result.

Annex: simulation output

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

19

CONTENTS

WCDMA RNP Overview


WCDMA Radio Network Dimensioning
WCDMA Nominal Planning
WCDMA Final Design

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

20

Final Design flowchart


Based
on
Based
onthe
thepreliminary
preliminarydesign
designreport,
report,

we
weconduct
conductmore
moredetailed
detailedcell
cellplanning.
planning.
Radio network
preliminary plan
report

Yes
Output Search
Rings

Site list

2G site or not

New site or not

No

Yes

Identify theoretical
site
No

Confirm site
conditions
or not

No

Site survey
No
Site survey report

Yes

Noise test

Noise test report

Meet site
requirements
or not
Yes

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

21

Site Survey

For each theoretical site, a physical site will be acquired in this phase
through

following steps:

Define search areas


A3rd
Identify candidate sites
D1st

Site ranking

C2nd

Site acquisition

B - Unsuitable

A suitable physical site

Give adequate radio coverage.

Have connectivity into the transmission network.

Be aesthetically and politically acceptable to the local community.

Have power nearby, good access and a co-operative owner.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

22

Site Survey report

The surveyor will prepare a report listing the options,


and following items will included in the report:

Accurate grid reference.

Accurate height of structures or available antenna windows.

Photographs of the site.

360 panoramic photos from site or if obstructed from


nearby location/structure.

From site survey report, RNP engineers can derive


appropriate site location, antenna type,
height, azimuth, down tilt, etc.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

23

Verification by system simulation

It is an iterative process to
verify the final design until
all the requirements are
fulfilled

Coverage prediction
Are
Requirement
s Fulfilled?

RNP
Planning
results

Traffic distribution

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

System simulation

HUAWEI Confidential

24

WCDMA RNP output


After
Afterperformance
performanceverification
verificationby
bysimulation,
simulation,we
weproduce
produce<<XX
<<XXproject
project
RNP
RNPreport>>
report>>with
withmore
moredetailed
detailedcontents.
contents.In
Inorder
orderto
toguide
guidethe
theproject
project
implementation,
implementation,the
thereport
reportshould
shouldalso
alsoinclude
includefollowing
followingitems
items

LAC, RAC, SAC Plan

Neighbor relation plan (intra-frequency, interfrequency, and inter-system)

Frequency plan

Scrambling code plan

Power allocation for each channel

Handover parameters

Access control parameters

Other radio parameters

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

25

WCDMA RNP summary

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

26

Main Topics

WCDMA RNP Principles and


Procedures

WCDMA RNO Principles and


Procedures

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

27

WCDMA RNO Principles and Procedures

Brief Introduction

Single Site Verification

Radio Frequency Optimization

Parameters Optimization

Regular Testing & KPI Analysis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

28

Network Optimization
To enhance network
Target
performance
--- e.g. coverage/accessibility/mobility

To resolve specific issues


--- e.g. interference/coverage

To improve subscribers QoE


--- e.g. service quality/drop calls

To enhance network stability


--- e.g. traffic increase/upgrade
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

29

Optimization throughout Life


Cycle
Subs.
Number

Drop call

RF adjustment

Congestion

Para. adjustment

Poor quality

Maintenance and upgrade

Access failure

Single site
verification

P
an rob
a
le
re lysis m
so
lut and
ion

Pre-launch
optimization

Network expansion

Customized and
differentiated
services
Billing
strategies
Investme
nt

RF plan
review

Construction
phase
Troubleshooting

DT & CQT

Commerci
al launch

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

KPI
analysis

Return

Complaints

Mature phase
Balancing

Booming phase
Potential Seeking
HUAWEI Confidential

30

Time

Network Optimization
Phases

Optimization
preparation

RF optimization

Service test and


parameter
optimization

New site integrated

Routine drive test


and stats.
analysis

Single site verification

80 sites in
the
cluster ready?

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Acceptance
criteria
satisfied?

Acceptance

HUAWEI Confidential

31

Network
Optimization
n Single site verification
o
i
t
ra Phases
To verify the functionality of new sites

a
p
e
Pr
a
h
P

se

--- e.g. site installation, basic functions of

a
h
P

se

a
h
P

To control interference & pilot pollution

To optimize coverage & 3G neighbor lists

Services test & para.


optimization

se

the cell
RF optimization

To evaluate network performance

Regular
route
testing
& stats.
To optimize
network
parameters
analysis

To monitor & evaluate network performance

To identify & solve new network issues


--- e.g. issues caused by traffic increase

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

32

WCDMA RNO Principles and Procedures

Brief Introduction

Single Site Verification

Radio Frequency Optimization

Parameters Optimization

Regular Testing & KPI Analysis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

33

Site Verification Target

To verify cell coverage

To investigate interference

NodeB RTWP & CPICH Ec/Io

To verify site installation

CPICH RSCP

e.g. PA/antenna/feeders issues

To check service function

CS call & PS attach/detach

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

34

Site Verification Items

Cell basic information confirm

Item: frequency, SC, LAC/RAC

Tool: engineering UE

Purpose: basic parameters check

Cell coverage verification

Item: CPICH RSCP

Tool: engineering UE or scanner

Purpose: identify equipment issues


--- e.g. PA, antenna, feeder connection,
etc

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

35

Site Verification Items

Cell interference investigation

Item: NodeB RTWP, CPICH Ec/Io

Tool: NodeB LMT, engineering UE or


scanner

Purpose: UL/DL interference investigation

Service function verification

Item: voice (MO/MT), VP (MO/MT)


PS attach/detach, PDP activation

Tool: engineering UE

Purpose: CS/PS service function check

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

36

Example: Site Verification


An example Check list
Checklist

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

37

WCDMA RNO Principles and Procedures

Brief Introduction

Single Site Verification

Radio Frequency Optimization

Parameters Optimization

Regular Testing & KPI Analysis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

38

RF Optimization Target

To optimize coverage

To minimize pilot pollution

To optimize cell dominance

To optimize neighbor cell list

To resolve RF-related drop calls

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

39

RF Optimization
Procedure

Drive
Drive test
test

Identify
Identify RF
RF issues
issues
Identify
Identify
Determine
Identify candidate
candidate
Identify nature
nature of
of
Determine amount
amount
cells
required
cells for
for changes
changes
required changes
changes of
of changes
changes
Implement
Implement changes
changes
Repeat
Repeat drive
drive test
test
N

Problem
Problem resolved?
resolved?
Y
Finished
Finished

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

40

RF Parameters

Optimization
Engineering parameters
adjustment

To adjust antenna down tilt

To adjust antenna azimuth

To adjust antenna location

To adjust antenna height

To replace antenna

To replace site

To add new cell

Radio part parameters


adjustment

To optimize neighbor cell list

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

41

CPICH Coverage
Optimization
CPICH coverage
analysis:
Poor coverage cells

Over shooting cells

UL & DL coverage
imbalance

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Ways to optimize:
(1)Adjust ant. azimuth or
tilt;
(2)Increase ant. height;
(3)Replace high-gain
antenna;
(4)Add new cells;
Ways to optimize:
(1)Adjust ant. azimuth or
tilt;
(2)Decrease ant. height;
(3)Adjust CPICH power

Ways to optimize:
(1)UL or DL coverage
limited?
(2)Optimize UL or DL
interference
HUAWEI Confidential

42

Poor Coverage: Example

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

43

Cell Dominance
Optimization
Cell
dominance

analysis:
Cells with no dominance at all

To indicate the site not radiating

or to indicate antennas blocking

Site visit
needed

Cells with excessive or poor


dominance

Due to non-optimum antenna tilts


(1) Frequent soft HO

or due to a high site

(2) Interference to
adjacent cells

Areas of non-dominance

Due to no a single clear dominant cell

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

44

Poor Cell Dominance:


Example

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

45

Pilot Pollution
Minimization
Pilot pollution
Pilot pollution will result in:
(1) low signal quality
(2) decreased system
capacity
(3) Call drops easier

definition:
SHO candidates (A)

Active set size (B)

If A>B, pilot pollution exists

Ways to
optimize:
(1) Antenna
adjustment
(e.g. azimuth or
down tilt)
(2) Pilot power
optimization

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

46

Pilot Pollution: Example

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

47

Neighbor Cell List Optimization


Drive test (service
Drop calls during moving
test):

Neighbor cell list


influences:
(1) Service Handover (drop
call)
(2) Cell Reselection

Neighbor list
classification:
Intra-freq. neighbor cell list

Inter-freq. neighbor cell list

Inter-RAT neighbor cell list

How to optimize?

How to optimize neighbor cell


List?
(1)Compare coverage difference
b/w Scanner and UE
(2) Add missing neighbor cells
(3) Remove useless neighbor
cells

Data collection: drive test

Data comparison: scanner, UE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

48

RF-related Drop Calls


Problems

Poor coverage

Appearanc
Poor
e RSCP & Ec/Io

High interference

Poor Ec/Io or RTWP

Poor UL coverage

UE max Tx power

Poor dominance

many SHO events

Pilot pollution

many cells present

Missing neighbors
Fast change of RF conditions
usually causes drop calls, e.g.
turning a corner.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

49

WCDMA RNO Principles and Procedures

Brief Introduction

Single Site Verification

Radio Frequency Optimization

Parameters Optimization

Regular Testing & KPI Analysis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

50

Para. Optimization
Target

Para. optimization
is an important
step
after RF
optimization

To reduce access failures

To reduce drop calls

To enhance service quality

Service quality and network


resources utilization
will be improved after para.
optimization

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

51

Parameters to be Optimized

CCCH power allocation para.

RL maximum power para.

Cell re-selection para.

Intra-freq. handover para.

Inter-RAT handover para.

Power control para.

Access power para.

Other related para.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Seldom adjusted

An effective way
to reduce drop
calls
The influence caused by the
cell parameters adjustment
should be analyzed
carefully.

HUAWEI Confidential

52

WCDMA RNO Principles and Procedures

Brief Introduction

Single Site Verification

Radio Frequency Optimization

Parameters Optimization

Regular Testing & KPI Analysis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

53

Regular Drive Testing Target

To get benchmark of the performance


of the network and users experience

To monitor the progress of on-going


optimisation activities

To validate new features of the RAN

To identify degradation in coverage

call setup SR,


call drop rate,
PS
throughputs

and/or increase in interference

Routine drive tests should


be carried out (e.g. on
monthly)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

As a result of
increased traffic or
changes in
environment

54

Routine Stats. Analysis Target

To benchmark network performance

To monitor traffic volumes & patterns

To assess impact of parameter


changes

To identify poorly performing cells

To provide triggers for network


upgrade decisions

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

55

KPI Analysis: RRC Connection setup


SR Main reasons for failed RRC connection
setups:
(1) poor coverage;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

(2) low FACH power

HUAWEI Confidential

56

KPI Analysis: CS RAB setup SR

Possible reasons for RAB Setup failures:


(1) poor coverage; (2) no enough
resource
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

57

KPI Analysis: CS Drop Calls


Typical reasons for drop calls:
(1) poor coverage (e.g. SRB/TRB
reset);
(2) Strong UL/DL interference
(3) Insufficient handover area

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

58

KPI Analysis: Inter-RAT HO SR

e.g. BSIC wrong


configured
in 3G network

Data discrepancies between 3G network and


2G network have direct impact on inter-RAT
HO SR.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

59

Professional Optimization
Tools
Performance/alarms
/configurations/
engineering para.

iManagerTM M2000
Capture test data

GENEX
Nastar

Par
am

Analysis Result
sharing

file

GENEX Probe
AGILENT
QUALCOMM

ete
ro
dis ptimiz
trib
utio ation
n

RAN auto
configuration
console

Node B

RNC

Node B
HLR/AC

GENEX
Assistant

Node B

RNS

HUAWEI RNC
MSC/SSP/VLR
Node B

RNC

GENEX
Probe

RNC

mea
su
repo rement
rt

CN
Node B
Node BRNS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

GMSC/SSP

60

PSTN
PLMN
ISDN

Summary
To provide better quality
of
experience for
Subscribers

To provide a more
competitive
network for Operator

UMTS
Network
Optimization
Trade-off between
optimized coverage,
capacity, quality

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Ongoing optimization
across network life
cycle

61

Thank you
www.huawei.com