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HSUPA Principles
GSM-to-UMTS Training Series V1.0
www.huawei.com

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Change History
Date

Revision Version

Description

Author

2009-12-27

1.0

Initial release.

Gao Bo

Explanation of HSUPA is added in P3.


2009-01-15

1.1

The GPRS coding schemes are added in P5.

Cheng Fangyuan

Note of the PDU is added in P18.

2009-01-20

1.2

The items on P5 for comparing HSUPA and


GPRS are modified.
Notes are added in P13.
Note of the E-TFC is added on P14.

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Zhang Bibo

Objectives
In this course, you will learn:

Similarities and Differences Between HSUPA and GPRS

Features of HSUPA

MAC Layer and Physical Layer of HSUPA

Scheduling Principles of HSUPA

Power Control of HSUPA

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Contents

Chapter 1 HSUPA vs. GPRS HSUPA VS. HSDPA


Chapter 2 MAC Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 3 Physical Layer of HSUAP
Chapter 4 Scheduling Principles of HSUPA
Chapter 5 Power Control of HSUPA

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HSUPA vs. GPRS&EGPRS


HSUPA

GPRS&EGPRS

Multiple access
technology:
TDMA+CDMA

Multiple access
technology:
FDMA+TDMA

Single modulated

MCS1 to MCS9,
CS1 to CS4

Modulation mode:

Modulation mode:

BPSK, QPSK

GMSK, 8PSK

Physical channel:

Physical channel:

E-DCH

PDTCH

Scheduling: channel
circumstance, data volume
to be transmitted in the
buffer of the UE, and
available power

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Scheduling:
user priority

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Limitations of R99 Uplink and Features of HSUPA


Peak rate: 5.76 Mbit/s (RAN 10)
Improvement on uplink coverage at high date

rate: 20 % to 50 %
Improvement on uplink capacity: 30 % to 100%

Features
of R99
uplink

Reduced delay
Fast resource scheduling and control
Improved QoS

Long delay

Features of
HSUPA
uplink

Low uplink data rate


Small uplink capacity

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Comparison Between R99 and HSUPA


Release 99

HSUPA

Min.10 ms TTI

Min. 2 ms (initial 10
ms) TTI

Slow resource
request and
allocation
mechanism (at RNC)

Fast resource request


and allocation
mechanism (at NodeB)

Dedicated resources
allocation for delaysensitive services

Dedicated resources
allocation of low
efficiency

Traditional ARQ to
perform high-layer
retransmission

HARQ to perform
fast retransmission at
the physical layer

Multiplexing of
logical channels to
MAC layer

Multiplexing of
transport channels to
physical channels

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Comparison Between HSUPA and HSDPA


HSDPA

HSUPA

New high-speed
downlink shared
channels

Dedicated uplink
channels with
enhanced capability

Single serving cell


(the traffic channel
does not support soft
handover)

Soft handover is
supported

Adaptive
modulation/coding

Fast power control

Multiple users share


the power and code
resources of the
NodeB.

Multiple users cause the RoT


to rise, and the NodeB
allocates resources among
different users.

HARQ with fast retransmission at the physical layer


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Features of HSUPA
E-DPDCH
E-DPDCH
E-D

E-DP
D

PD
CH

CH

Important features of Release 6


The NodeB has multiple high-speed channels to receive signals from the UE.

The signals may come from different UEs or the same UE.
Multiple users share the interference.
Multiple users transmit signals at the specified rate and power based on quick

scheduling.
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Category and Capability of the HUSPA UE


For 10 ms TTI, the maximum rate cannot exceed 2000 kbit/s.

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Contents

Chapter 1 HSUPA vs. GPRS HSUPA vs. HSDPA


Chapter 2 MAC Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 3 Physical Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 4 Scheduling Principles of HSUPA
Chapter 5 Power Control of HSUPA

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HSUPA Protocol Stack

MAC-e and MAC-es are new entities in Release 6.


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MAC Structure at the UE Side

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Details of MAC-es/e at the UE Side


To MAC-d

MAC Control

MAC-es/e
E-TFC Selection

Multiplexing and TSN setting

HARQ

Associated Scheduling
Downlink Signalling
(E-AGCH / E-RGCH(s))
Associated ACK/NACK
signaling
(E-HICH)

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Associated Uplink
Signalling E-TFC
(E-DPCCH)

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MAC Structure at the UTRAN Side


MAC Control

MAC Control

PCCH BCCH CCCH CTCH SHCCH


TDD only

MAC Control

MAC Control MAC Control DCCH DTCH DTCH

MAC-es

MAC-d
Configuration
without MAC-c/sh

MAC-hs

MAC-e

MAC-c/sh

PCH FACH FACH RACH CPCH USCH USCH DSCH DSCH Iur or local
Iub
FDD only
TDD only TDD only
Associated Uplink
Signalling

HS- DSCH HS- DSCH

E- DCH
Associated Downlink
Signalling

Configuration
with MAC-c/sh

Configuration
with MAC c/sh

Associated Uplink
Signalling

Associated Downlink
Signalling

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DCH

DCH

Details of MAC-e at the NodeB Side


MAC-d Flows

MAC-e
MAC Control
E-DCH
Scheduling (FFS)

E-DCH
Control (FFS)

De-multiplexing

HARQ entity

Associated
Uplink
Signalling

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Associated
Downlink
Signalling

E-DCH

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In the NodeB, there is

an MAC-e entity and


an E-DCH scheduler
for each UE. The
MAC-e and the E-DCH
scheduler process
HSUPA-related
functions in the NodeB.

Details of MAC-es at the RNC Side


To MAC-d

MAC-es

Disassembly

Reordering/
Combining

Disassembly

Reordering/
Combining

Reordering Queue
Distribution

MAC-d flow #1

From
MAC-e in
NodeB #1

MAC Control

Disassembly

Reordering/
Combining

Reordering Queue
Distribution

MAC-d flow #n

From
MAC-e in
NodeB #k

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In the SRNC, there is an

MAC-es entity for each


UE. The MAC-es sublayer
processes the E-DCHrelated functions that are
not covered by the MAC-e
entity in the NodeB.

MAC-es/e PDU
MAC-d PDUs coming from one Logical Channel
MAC-d PDU

DDI1

N1

MAC-d PDU

MAC-d PDU

TSN1 MAC-es SDU MAC-es SDU

MAC-es SDU

N1 MAC-es SDUs of size and LCh indicated by DDI1


MAC-es PDU1
DDI1 N1

MAC-es PDU1

DDI1 N1 DDI2 N2

DDIn Nn

DDI2 N2

DDI0
(Opt)

MAC-es PDU2

MAC-es PDU1 MAC-es PDU2


MAC-e PDU

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DDIn Nn

MAC-es PDUn

MAC-es PDUn

SI
(Opt)

Padding
(Opt)

Contents
Chapter 1 HSUPA vs. GPRS HSUPA vs. HSDPA
Chapter 2 MAC Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 3 Physical Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 4 Scheduling Principles of HSUPA
Chapter 5 Power Control of HSUPA

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Channel Mapping

In RAN 10, the mapping from DCCH to HS-DSCH/E-DCH is implemented.


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New Channels in HSUPA


Uplink transport channel

E-DCH: Bears high-speed uplink data.


Uplink physical channel

E-DPDCH: Bears E-DCH PDUs.


E-DPCCH: Bears the control information of the E-DPDCH.
Downlink physical channel

E-HICH: Bears the HARQ ACK/NACK indication message of the E-DCH.


E-AGCH: Bears the absolute grant (AG) information determined by the scheduler.
E-RGCH: Bears the relative grant (RG) information determined by the scheduler.

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Physical Layer Information Exchange Process of HSUPA

Node B

E-DPDCH

E-DPCCH

The UE sends an SI request carrying buffer state,


UPH, and other relevant information through the EDPDCH.

The NodeB allocates resources through the E-AGCH


to the UE (AG procedure) or indicates power
adjustment through the E-RGCH (RG procedure).

The UE sends MAC-e PDU (service or signaling


data) through the E-DPDCH, and sends the control
information (required for demodulating the PDU)
and happy bit (indicating whether the UE is happy
with the current scheduled rate) through the EDPCCH.

The NodeB tells the UE whether the PDU has been


successfully demodulated through the E-HICH.

E-AGCH/RGCH E-HICH

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Structure of the E-DPDCH/E-DPCCH

Structure of E-DPDCH (sub) frame


Header

MAC-e PDU (payload)

2bit

SF=256

7bit

RSN

SI

Padding

1bit

E-TFCI

Happy bit

Structure of E-DPCCH subframe

TTI

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Happy bit: Indicates whether


the UE is happy with the
current scheduled rate.

E-DPDCH / E-DPCCH Frame Format


The E-DPDCH and the E-DPCCH both keep frame alignment with the uplink
DPCCH.
Modulation: BPSK with I/Q branch
When the TTI of E-DCH is 10 ms, the contents of the E-DPCCH subframe is
repeatedly sent for five times.

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E-DPDCH / E-DPCCH Slot Format


c

Channel Bit Rate


(kbit/s)

SF

Bits/
Frame

Bits/
Subframe

Bits/Slot
Ndata

15

256

150

30

10

30

128

300

60

20

60

64

600

120

40

120

32

1200

240

80

240

16

2400

480

160

480

4800

960

320

960

9600

1920

640

1920

19200

3840

1280

E-DPDCH slot format

Slot Format #i

Channel Bit Rate


(kbit/s)

SF

Bits/
Frame

Bits/
Subframe

Bits/Slot
Ndata

15

256

150

30

10

E-DPCCH slot format


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E-DPDCH I/Q Channel Mapping


Nmaxdpdch

HS-DSCH
configured

No/Yes

No

Yes

E-DPDCHk

iqed,k

E-DPDCH1

E-DPDCH2

E-DPDCH3

E-DPDCH4

E-DPDCH1

E-DPDCH2

E-DPDCH1

E-DPDCH2

Ced,k : Channelization code

ed,k : Gain factor for E-DPDCH

Iqed,k : Determines the I/Q branch mapping


Iqed,k = 1, maps to I branch
Iqed,k = j, maps to Q branch

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Code Resource Allocation


E-DPCCH uses the channel code: Cec = Cch,256,1
E-DPDCHk uses the channel code: Ced,k, which is determined by Nmax-dpdch

and the spreading factor. For the specific rules, see the following table.
Nmax-dpdch

E-DPDCHk

Channelization code Ced,k

E-DPDCH1

Cch,SF,SF/4 if SF 4
Cch,2,1 if SF = 2

E-DPDCH2

Cch,4,1 if SF = 4
Cch,2,1 if SF = 2

E-DPDCH3
E-DPDCH4

Cch,4,1

E-DPDCH1

Cch,SF,SF/2

E-DPDCH2

Cch,4,2 if SF = 4
Cch,2,1 if SF = 2

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Downlink Channel
E-AGCH

Bears the maximum E-DPDCH/DPCCH


ratio.
Bears the HARQ control information.
E-RGCH

Bears a simple command to instruct the


UE to increase, decrease, or keep its
transmit power currently granted.

T/P Grant

HARQ Control

E-AGCH (sub) frame structure


Up / Hold / Down

E-RGCH (sub) frame structure


Ack / Nack

E-HICH

Informs the UE whether the transmission


of the previous data is successful (Ack) or
not (Nack).

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SF=256

E-HICH (sub) frame structure

TTI

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SF=128

Grant Mechanism
Absolute Grant (AG)

Borne by the E-AGCH of the E-DCH serving cell.


Grant mode: An index (totally 31 index values) is used to indicate the Traffic-toPilot ratio (E-DPDCH/DPCCH).
Significance of the Grant value: Maximum power ratio (E-DPDCH/DPCCH)
available for the UE.
Relative Grant (RG)

RG carries a command instructing the UE to increase, keep, or decrease its


current transmit power.
The Serving RG is sent by all the cells in the E-DCH serving RLs.
The Non-serving RG is sent by the E-RGCH in the E-DCH non-serving RLs.

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E-AGCH Frame Format

The E-AGCH is a downlink common channel.


Fixed rate: 30 kbit/s
Modulation: QPSK
SF=256

The E-AGCH bears the E-DCH absolute Grant information of all the UEs in the cell.

The TTI may be 2 ms or 10 ms depending on the E-DCH. If the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms, then the E-AGCH either
sends the same content in five subframes, or sends the content in one of the five subframes.

The UE only monitors the E-AGCH of the E-DCH serving cell.

E-AGCH

20 bits

Tslot = 2560 chips

Slot #0

Slot #1

Slot #2

Slot #i

1 subframe = 2 ms
1 radio frame, Tf = 10 ms

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Slot #14

Mapping of Absolute Grant (AG) Values


For the actual grant values (T/P), see the following table.

Absolute Grant
Value

Index

Absolute Grant
Value

Index

Absolute Grant
Value

Inde
x

(168/15)2x6

31

(119/15)2

20

(34/15)2

(150/15)2x6

30

(106/15)2

19

(30/15)2

(168/15)2x4

29

(95/15)2

18

(27/15)2

(150/15)2x4

28

(84/15)2

17

(24/15)2

(134/15)2x4

27

(75/15)2

16

(19/15)2

(119/15)2x4

26

(67/15)2

15

(15/15)2

(150/15)2x2

25

(60/15)2

14

(11/15)2

(95/15)2x4

24

(53/15)2

13

(7/15)2

(168/15)2

23

(47/15)2

12

ZERO_GRANT*

(150/15)2

22

(42/15)2

11

INACTIVE*

(134/15)2

21

(38/15)2

10

*: Refer to the 3GPP TS 25.321 protocol.

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E-AGCH Frame Timing


Two slots offset after the P-CCPCH

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E-RGCH Frame Format


Dedicated downlink physical channel for transmitting RG (+1, 0, -1 or 0, -1) to the UE
Adopt the same frame format and the same channelization code of the E-HICH
SF=128
Modulation: QPSK

All cells in the E-DCH active set send E-RGCH frames.

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Mapping of E-RGCH Relative Grant Values


The primary serving cell sends +1, 0, and -1, and a non-primary

serving cell only sends 0 and -1.

Command

RG Value (E-DCH
Serving Radio Link Set)

RG Value (E-DCH MonServing Radio Link Set)

UP

+1

not allowed

HOLD

DOWN

-1

-1

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SG Table

SGcur is the scheduled power state of the previous frame.

SGreq is the power needed for the TTI requested rate.

When Sgreq - SGcur > AGThreshold, the E-AGCH is used to adjust the power. Otherwise, the ERGCH is used to adjust the power.
Index

Scheduled Grant

Index

Scheduled Grant

Index

Scheduled Grant

37

(168/15)2*6

24

(95/15)2

11

(21/15)2

36

(150/15)2*6

23

(84/15)2

10

(19/15)2

35

(168/15)2*4

22

(75/15)2

(17/15)2

34

(150/15)2*4

21

(67/15)2

(15/15)2

33

(134/15)2*4

20

(60/15)2

(13/15)2

32

(119/15)2*4

19

(53/15)2

(12/15)2

31

(150/15)2*2

18

(47/15)2

(11/15)2

30

(95/15)2*4

17

(42/15)2

(9/15)2

29

(168/15)2

16

(38/15)2

(8/15)2

28

(150/15)2

15

(34/15)2

(7/15)2

27

(134/15)2

14

(30/15)2

(6/15)2

26

(119/15)2

13

(27/15)2

(5/15) 2

25

(106/15)2

12

(24/15)2

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Typical Interaction Between the UE and the NodeB

NodeB

The NodeB finds


the SGreq
according to the
requested rate
and compares it
with the SGcur.

The NodeB
gets the
requested rate
from SI.

Greater than
AGThreshold

Use AG to grant

Less than or equal to


AGThreshold

Use RG to grant

UU
The UE sends the
SI request (indicating the UE buffer
state and the available power)

UE

and the happy bit.

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Adjust the power according to AG


or RG, and indicates whether the
UE is happy with the current
scheduled rate.

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Timing Relations Among the E-RGCH, P-CCPCH, and DPCH


Each slot bears an RG command.
If the cell does not belong to the E-DCH serving RLs:

The RG information is sent in 15 consecutive slots (10 ms).


If the cell belongs to the E-DCH serving RLs:

10 ms TTI: The RG information is sent in 12 consecutive slots (8 ms).


2 ms TTI: The RG information is sent in 3 consecutive slots (2 ms).

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E-RGCH Timing Relations


When the cell sending the E-RGCH belongs to the E-DCH serving RLs, the E-

RGCH frame offset confirms to the following conditions:


1. If the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms, the E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH
satisfies the following formula:
DPCH ,n 256 70

30

E RGCH ,n 5120 7680

2. If the E-DCH TTI is 2 ms, the E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH satisfies
the following formula:

DPCH ,n 256 50

30

E RGCH ,n 5120 7680

When the cell sending the E-RGCH does not belong to the E-DCH serving RLs:

The E-RGCH frame offset to the P-CCPCH is 5120 chips.

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E-HICH Frame Format


Dedicated downlink physical channel for transmitting the HARQ

Ack/Nack to the UE
Adopt the same frame format and the same channelization code of
the E-RGCH
SF=128
Modulation: QPSK
All cells in the E-DCH active set send E-HICH frames.
Ack/Nack indication

Ack=>+1
Nack from the serving RLs =>-1
Nack from non-serving RLs =>0 (DTX)
The UE can receive the E-HICH from a maximum of four cells.

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E-HICH Timing Relations


When the E-DCH TTI is 10 ms, the E-HICH frame offset to P-CCPCH is:
DPCH ,n 256 70

30

E HICH ,n 5120 7680

When the E-DCH TTI is 2 ms, the E-HICH frame offset to P-CCPCH is:
DPCH ,n 256 50

30

E HICH ,n 5120 7680

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E HICH ,n

(chips)

E HICH ,n

(chips)

How to Reach the Peak Rate (5.76 Mbit/s)


Preconditions:

No retransmission.
Uplink resources are available.
Coding efficiency =1
Multi-code transmission: 2 x SF4 + 2 x SF2
2 ms TTI

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E-DPDCH Frame (SF=4)


When SF=4, TTI=2 ms, and coding rate=1, the maximum payload of each subframe is 1920 bits, that is

960 kbit/s.

1920 bits payload


1920 bits system

1920 bits parity

1920 bits parity

1920 bits symbols

Puncture

1920 bits symbols

BPSK modulation

7680 chips

2 ms
7680 chips/2 ms=3.84 Mcps

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1/3 coding

Spreading (SF=4)

E-DPDCH Frame (SF=2)


When SF=2, TTI=2 ms, and coding rate=1, the maximum payload of each subframe is 3840 bits, that is

1920 kbit/s.

3840 bits payload


3840 bits system

3840 bits parity

3840 bits parity

3840 bits symbols

Puncture

3840 bits symbols

BPSK modulation

7680 chips

2 ms
7680 chips/2 ms=3.84 Mcps

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1/3 coding

Spreading (SF=2)

Multi-Code Transmission
SI

E-DPDCH

1
2
3
4

SI+data

Retransmission

1.

3.
Control Info

E-DPCCH
2.

E-AGCH
E-RGCH

Grant

4.

E-HICH

14~16ms

10ms
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Ack/Nack
8ms

5
30ms

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Contents

Chapter 1 HSUPA vs. GPRS HSUPA vs. HSDPA


Chapter 2 MAC Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 3 Physical Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 4 Scheduling Principles of HSUPA
Chapter 5 Power Control of HSUPA

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Rise-over-Thermal Noise
Rise-over-Thermal (RoT) reflects the
measurement value of the uplink load.
In order to correctly demodulate the data received
by the NodeB, the Signal-to-Interference-Noise
Ratio (SINR) must be the minimum.
The increase of the user number and transmit
power leads to the increase of the uplink
interference.
The NodeB senses the noise raise and SINR is
influenced.
The NodeB controls the total uplink interference
by adjusting the Grant for every UE.
The UE transmits the data based on the Grant, the
volume of data to be sent, and the available
transmit power.

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NodeB Scheduling
The NodeB allocates resources among multiple UEs in the unit of TTI,
and notifies the UE through Grant.
The NodeB tries to satisfy the demand of all online users under the
precondition of preventing overload, maximizing resource utilization ratio,
and maximizing the cell throughput.
The scheduler of HSUPA needs to consider the channel condition, the
data volume to be sent in the UE buffer, and the available transmit power
of the UE.

UE1

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UE2

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UE3

Implementation of Scheduling

The UE sends a resource request.


The UE reports the Scheduling Information (SI).
The UE reports the happy bit.

The NodeB controls the transmit power of the UE.


The NodeB grants a Traffic-to-Pilot ratio to the UE,
which determines the transmit rate of the UE.
This mode, in which the NodeB grants a T/P value to the
UE, is called scheduled transmission.

The NodeB satisfies the demand of the delay-sensitive


services.
The NodeB adopts the non-grant mode for delaysensitive services, that is, the RNC allocates a certain
amount of resources directly to the UE, and the UE can
use the resources at any time rather than waiting for the
scheduling result.

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For more
information about
the scheduling, see
the physical
channel part on
P31.

HARQ Mechanism
The Stop and Wait (SAW) protocol for multi-channel or multi-process is

performed through four (TTI=10 ms) or eight (TTI=2 ms) processes.


Synchronous retransmission does not need the process number.
Each Radio Link (RL) sends the feedback respectively.

Each RL establishes one E-HICH.


The E-HICH information sent by each Radio Links set (RLs) is the
same and can be combined.
If all E-HICHs return ACK, then the transmission succeeds.

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Contents
Chapter 1 HSUPA vs. GPRS HSUPA vs. HSDPA
Chapter 2 MAC Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 3 Physical Layer of HSUPA
Chapter 4 Scheduling Principles of the HSUPA
Chapter 5 Power Control of HSUPA

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E-DPCCH Physical Channel Power Control


The E-DPCCH has a power offset with the uplink DPCCH.
ec is the gain factor of the E-DPCCH.

E-DPCCH is designated by the higher layer, which can be specified by parameter

settings.
Signalling values for D E-

Quantized amplitude ratios

DPCCH

for

ec c 10

E DPCCH

20

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30/15

24/15

19/15

15/15

12/15

9/15

8/15

6/15

5/15

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E DPCCH

20

10

E-DPDCH Physical Channel Power Control

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E-DPDCH Physical Channel Power Control

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E-DPDCH Gain Factor


The E-DPDCH has a power offset with the uplink DPCCH.
ed is the gain factor of E-DPDCH.
ed,ref is the gain factor of the reference E-TFC.
ed can be calculated through ed,ref.
E-DPDCH and harq are designated by the higher layer, which can be

specified by the parameter setting.


ed,j,harq: Gain factor of the current E-TFC.
Le,ref: E-DPDCH Quantity of the reference
E-TFC

ed , j ,harq ed ,ref

Le,j: E-DPDCH number of the current ETFC.


Ke,ref: Number of transport block bits of the
reference E-TFC.
Ke,j: Number of transport block bits of the
current E-TFC.
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Le,ref

Ke, j

Le , j

K e, ref

ed ,ref c 10

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10

E DPDCH

20

harq

20

Reference E-TFC
How to determine the reference E-TFC of each frame?

The reference E-TFC is the system-specified reference ETFC.


Suppose the reference E-TFCs are 1, 2, ...m-1,m (m is the
maximum reference E-TFC), then the E-TFCs between
m-1 and m shall take m-1 as the reference E-TFC.
The E-TFCs larger than m shall take m as the reference
E-TFC.
The E-TFCs smaller than 1 shall all select 1 as the
reference E-TFC.

As shown in the right figure, E-TFC 2/5/9


are the specified reference E-TFCs.

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E-TFC

Reference ETFC

E-TFC 10

E-TFC 9

E-TFC 9

E-TFC 9

E-TFC 8

E-TFC 5

E-TFC 7

E-TFC 5

E-TFC 6

E-TFC 5

E-TFC 5

E-TFC 5

E-TFC 4

E-TFC 2

E-TFC 3

E-TFC 2

E-TFC 2

E-TFC 2

E-TFC 1

E-TFC 2

E-AGCH/E-RGCH/E-HICH Power Control


Two power control modes

Static power allocation


P = Pcpich + PowerOffset
Dynamic power allocation (based on the downlink DPCH)
---Every kind of channel can have a different PO. The specific
implementations are different, and are not defined in the protocol.

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Appendix 1: Active Set of HSUPA


DPCH Active Set

Other AS
Cell

E-DCH Active Set

Nonserving
RL

Serving RLs
E-DCH
serving
cell

serving
RL

serving
RL

Send the EAGCH


The UE can merge the ERGCH commands sent by
the cells in the RLs.

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Nonserving
RL

Other AS
Cell

Send the nonserving E-RGCH


All cells belong to the UE
active set and can process
the E-DCH.
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Appendix 2: E-DPDCH FRC


FRC Fixed Reference Channel
Totally seven kinds of FRC: 1 to 7, which are multiple test reference

channels of the E-DPDCH.

Fixed Ref
Channel

TTI
[ms]

NINF

SF3

SF4

NBIN

Coding
rate

Max inf
bit rate
[kbps]

FRC1

2706

3840

0.705

1353.0

FRC2

5412

7680

0.705

2706.0

FRC3

8100

11520

0.703

4050.0

FRC4

10

5076

9600

0.529

507.6

FRC5

10

9780

1920
0

0.509

978.0

FRC6

10

1927
8

3840
0

0.502

1927.8

FRC7

10

690

16

2400

0.288

69.0

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