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ADVANCED CONSTRUCTION

TECHNIQUES FOR
SKYSCRAPER
CONSTRUCTION

PRE-ENGINEERED BUILDING SYSTEM

Pre-engineered building system consists of 7 main


components made of superior concrete.

This is a FAST and EASY technique for construction of any


permanent building type.

A single unit of any size/type can be erected within 7 days.


The UDG building systems is launched after intense research
and development by team comprising leading architects and
engineers.

Our system can be easily constructed at a job site resulting in


dramatic time savings as well as eliminating the need for
machinery.

PRE-ENGINEERED BUILDING SYSTEM

Specially designed components based on interlocking


principle are used, which offers:
1.QUALITY: Components are manufactured out of
superior grade concrete.
2.ECONOMY: It offers 30% savings over traditional
technology.
3.SPEED: It is 10 times faster than traditional method of
construction.

DAY 1

DAY 2

DAY 3

DAY 4

DAY 5

DAY 6

COMPONENT #1 FOOTING

The function of footing is to distribute load from Column to the


Foundation Soil below.

For distribution of load on greater area of soil, wider slab is


provided beyond the area required for supporting the load
carrying components above it.

For optimizing the weight without compromising for strength,


concrete ribs are provided on thin concrete slab, similar to a
bearing plate for supporting a steel column.

Evolution of peculiar form for the footing is a result of search


of optimistic structural solution.

The component is adequately reinforced to keep the bending


and shear stresses within permissible limits.

FOOTING: TYPE A AND TYPE B

COMPONENT #2 PEDESTAL

Pedestal transmits load from column to the footing.

It is shaped to occupy the space between the existing ground


level and footing level.

It is kept hollow by removing surplus concrete to reduce its


weight.

It is anchored adequately to both upper and lower elements


to prevent segregation due to soil movement.

COMPONENT #2 PEDESTAL

COMPONENT #3 CAPITAL: TYPE A AND


TYPE B

For flexibility of connection of column units with Joists, Tiebeams etc. a connector unit is designed with a central core
matching the column section and projections in one to four
directions to receive other elements in the desired direction.

The seats of a connector receive high concentrated loads from


these units; hence these are shaped and designed with special
considerations for receiving these elements as well as heir
fasteners.

COMPONENT #3 CAPITAL: TYPE A AND


TYPE B

COMPONENT #4 TIE-BEAM

Unlike the joists which are loaded transversely by the floor


slabs, Tie-Beams provide adequate tying of the structure at
different levels.

These are similar to Plinth-band, Lintel-band and Slab-band


which are obligatory for masonry construction in different
seismic zones.

The hollow H -Shape of the tie beam make reinforcement


bars pass through the same, which are anchored in the
column units, and finally embedded in cement mortar.

COMPONENT #4 TIE-BEAM

COMPONENT #5 WALL PANEL: TYPE A


AND TYPE B

Hollow wall units are not merely the conventional hollow


blocks used in construction.

These are designed with keys for getting proper sliding and
fitting in the column units to prevent its dislocation during
seismic movement.

The total width of these units are confined to 150 mm for


making a wall without any projection or offset with the other
units of the system making the houses more elegant and
maintenance-free.

COMPONENT #5 WALL PANEL: TYPE A


AND TYPE B

For an optimum design the wall unit, its thickness is reduced


to merely 20 mm, which has been made possible by use of
high strength concrete.

This gives greater durability and resistance to moisture


penetration.

Due to its hollow configuration the blocks afford greater heat


and sound insulation which is a very important consideration
in construction of economical housing.

COMPONENT #5 WALL PANEL: TYPE A


AND TYPE B

COMPONENT #6 JOIST (BEAM)

The function of a joist is to support the slab units and transfer


the live loads and dead loads to the column units.

For minimizing the self load of these units, web is made as


thin as possible to give it a shape of a T .

The portions of Joists near ends are specially designed for


suitability of connection with the Corbel unit.

Similarly at the top of the unit a special fastening strip is


provided for connection of slab units to prevent segregation
during seismic activities.

Joists are manufactured in different lengths to offer flexibility


in selecting the room dimensions.

COMPONENT #6 JOIST (BEAM)

COMPONENT #7 SLAB PANEL


These units are supported on joists and cover the space of the
room.
For ease of construction, these are manufactured in width of
250 mm and joints are filled with non shrink polymer grout.
Finally a layer of in-situ IPS with chicken-mesh with
integrated water proofing compound is laid for sealing the
joints and serving as backing for desired flooring.
Slab units are adequately reinforced to avoid cracking.

COMPONENT #7 SLAB PANEL

AGREEMENT WITH BUILDING CODES


As per the NBC (National Building Code), the components have
been developed to meet the specified nominal lengths.
Each element of the precast kit is designed to withstand the loads
specified by BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards).
In addition to normal loads, the elements have been designed to
withstand stresses during handling, transport and construction.
The structure as a whole is checked for stability and strength during
wind and seismic forces also.
The concept considers modular planning, component sizes, joints,
manufacturing, storage, transportation, and construction.
It can redesign to comply with a given country's building code and
specific needs.

ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES

Good architectural design not only satisfies the needs (Physical


and Psychological) of the user, but also is made easily
affordable to him.

Design should also take good care of influence of social order


and cultural conditions at given point in time.

Simultaneously it should also accommodate the Technological


advancement. With these parameters and a set of other relevant
issues, this concept of a prefab house was evolved.

All the aspects were incorporated right at the design inception


stage so that the entire building or complex of building built
within system is conceived in totality-in terms of architectural
expression, structural design, function, etc.

BUILDING DESIGN
Building design meets or exceeds following specifications for
architectural excellence:
Economy in cost, efficiency in design, reduction in time.
Aesthetically satisfying designs.
Possible to break monotony and unappealing appearance.
In group housing, each unit can be designed to give individual
character, to affect better performance and greater user
satisfaction.
Satisfies user's primary needs and aspirations of users.
Can be constructed anywhere, can perform equally in any
geographical location and any climatic zones.

BUILDING DESIGN
Through endless possibilities in designs, there is scope for
user's inception.
Possible to introduce finishes and architectural treatment for the
creations of a particular architectural character in individual
building and in group of buildings by use of color, textures,
recesses etc.
Building components can be treated as architectural elements
and various treatments can be given for better overall
performance and appearance.
Exterior-Interior can be natural cement finish; color can be light
gray or painted as per user's specifications with cement paint.

COMPONENTS OF PRE-ENGINEERED
SYSTEMS
Components of pre-engineered Building Systems are designed
to give:
Clear span of 1.8 m to 6.3 m. Larger span is possible with this
system using steel components
Interior height 2.7m to 3.3m. Higher interior heights can be
catered on special jobs. Ground and one storey structures can
be built
Plinth height of 300/450/600mm.

QUALITY, ECONOMY AND SPEED


COMPARISON
Description

FEATURES
Any type and size of building is possible.
Extension as well as expansion is simple. Ground plus one
floor structure is possible.
The components are light weight, can be easily handled.
No special machinery, like crane, is required for its
construction.
No Skilled labour is required and cost of technical supervision
is minimized.
Minimum Water and Mortar are required for component
assembly, which allows them to be laid faster and adaptable in
water scarcity areas.

FEATURES
Hollow wall block keep house cool in summer and warm in winter
and provide adequate sound insulation.
Can withstand earthquake tremors and cyclonic winds upto 180
km/hour
Superior concrete is used in manufacturing. All the components as
designed as per specifications of National Building Codes
Plastering may be avoided.
All types of roofing profiles, i.e. Flat, Sloping, etc. is possible.
Highly water resistance.
Concealed as well as open plumbing and electrification is possible
in the system.
Noiseless construction.

USES
Mass Housing
Schools
Meeting Halls
Factory and Industrial Structures
Site Offices
Kiosks and Telecom Structures
Toilets, compound walls etc.