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Calentamiento

What do you think these words mean?


1.Excelente
2.Generoso
3.Elefante
4.Persona
5.Familia
6.Diferente
7.Instrucciones

What is a COGNATE?
Examples:

nouns:

words that are cognates


in Spanish and English

words that are NOT


cognates

profesor/ professor
diccionario/dictionary
familia/family

perro/ dog
hermano/ brother
amigo/ friend

adjectives: atltico/athletic
curioso/curious

bonita/pretty
atrevido/ mischievous

verbs:

hablar/ to speak
ir/ to go

adorar/ to adore
admirar/ to admire

Definition:
Cognate

n. a word related to a word in another language


[Latin co (same)
+ gnatus (born)]

Examples of Cognates
between Spanish and French:
ami/ amigo
sympathique/ simptico
chanter/cantar

(friend)
(nice)
(to sing)

English
comes
from the
Germanic
language
family.

Spanish
comes
from the
Romance
language
family.

So WHY are there so many


cognates between
Spanish and English?

Un poco de historia
5th century AD: 3
Germanic Tribes
invade Britain
Celtic speakers
are pushed west
and north into
modern Ireland
and Scotland
The ancestor of
modern English
begins to form in
Britain

Meanwhile, in France and Spain


The Romans, speaking Latin,
defeated Hannibal and conquered
what is now modern Spain. Latin
mixed with the language of Hispania
and became known as Spanish.

Meanwhile, in France and Spain


The Romans, speaking Latin,
defeated Hannibal and conquered
what is now modern Spain. Latin
mixed with the language of Hispania
and became known as Spanish.
Julius Caesar led and army north
into Gaul (modern France) and
instituted Latin as the major
language. Latin mixed with Gaulish
and later became known as French.
In 1066 William the Conqueror,
the Duke of Normandy, invaded
and conquered England. With
him, he brought the French
language.
English adopted many French
words. These French words came
from Latin and therefore share the
same roots as Spanish.

Un juego de adivinanza
(a little guessing game)
Guess what the following Spanish words mean:
pan =
experiencia=
soportar=
actualmente=
ambicioso=
carpeta=
demostrar=
xito =
recordar =
vaso =
preparar=
pie=
advertencia=

Attention!

SOME words betray us!

examples of amigos falsos


pan = BREAD
experiencia= experience
soportar= TO PUT UP WITH
actualmente= CURRENTLY
ambicioso- ambitious
carpeta= FOLDER
demostrar= to demonstrate
xito = SUCCESS
recordar = TO REMEMBER
vaso = GLASS/CUP
preparar= to prepare
pie= FOOT
advertencia= WARNING

Definition:
Amigos Falsos (false friends)
1.

n. words that look like words in another language, but


do not have the same meaning.
n. words that sound the same as words in another
language, but do not have the same meaning

Lucky for us
There are

thousands
of cognates between
Spanish and English

and
amigos falsos
are

much less