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New HF/MF Digital

Maritime Mobile
Systems

Globe Wireless
Global provider of Maritime
Communications Solutions
Managing customer email & data
services for 15 years
Installed on more than 4000 ships
Basis of meeting regulatory driven
applications
GlobeAlert ship security alert system
GlobeLocator long range
identification and tracking of ships
GlobeWeather forecasts
Other fleet management functions

Service Overview
Satellite Delivery
Efficient large file transfer
Marinet communications
protocols
Sustained high speed transfer
Full duplex communications
Store and forward delivery

Least Cost Routing


Email connectivity
Data Connectivity
GlobeCrewTM Kiosk

Application
Data

CUSTOMER OFFICE
Use existing office equipment
and systems to exchange
messages and data with
vessels at sea

Email
Fax
Telex
Cable
Telephone

II
NN
T GlobeSecureSM
T
EE
Optional Virtual
RR Private Network
with Globe
NN
Wireless
EE
TT

Satellite

HF Radio
Email

Crew

CUSTOMER VESSEL

Maritime Data
Network
Cost Effective Messaging
Near Real-Time Delivery
Timely delivery
confirmation
Notification of satellite
traffic waiting on shore

Network Operations
Center
The Secure Message Handling
System automatically
routes all incoming and
outgoing messages to
destinations

Connected Worldwide

The Maritime Data Network

Always

on connection
25 HF stations world wide
Approximately 300 channel pairs
Half receive and half transmit
Delivers 50,000 messages per day
Alternative to satellite systems
Traffic doubles every 18 months
Message growth and new applications
Flexible for efficiency improvement

Globe Wireless Reliability

Guaranteed message delivery


Multiple frequencies and stations
Network operating centers in California and England
All stations have backup power
99.97% service availability over the last four years
Ships use both HF and satellite communications
Shipboard equipment is self diagnosing
24/7 customer support

Below Deck Equipment

Personal computer
Marine HF radio
Globe Wireless modem
Power supply

Above Deck Equipment

Vertical antenna
Antenna coupler
GPS receiver

Globe Wireless Modem


Small form factor
Uses digital signal processing technology
Call set up protocol is a simple extension to
NBDP
Bandwidth efficiency of about two BPS per
Hertz
OFDM modulation rather than single carrier
Resistant to multipath fading
NBDP

Globe
Wireless
500 Hz, 1 Tone

3000 Hz, 32 Tones

OFDM Spectrum
2.8 kHz Wideband Signal Spectrum

0
-5
-10
-15
Ma -20
gni
tud -25
e
(d -30
B)
-35
-40
-45
-50
0

500

1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000


Frequency (Hz)

4500 5000

OFDM Parameters
Carrier

300 HF frequency pairs in the marine bands


32 tones
QPSK modulation
62.5 Hz carrier spacing
2 ms guard interval
700-2700 Hz occupied bandwidth

Timing
1.520 seconds per burst cycle
1.095 second burst duration (tone + sync + data)
0.425 second response (ACK/NACK + round trip delay +
processing time)

Data efficiency
2 bits/second/Hz

Vessel Performance Example


Total bytes-shore to ship
Total bytes-ship to shore
Total messages
Average message size
Ave data rate (bytes/min)
Ave link start time (min)
Average link time (min)
Link success rate(%)

12986
5116
44(4)
445
251(233:439)
1.4
1.9(2:1.7)
89(88:100)

Successful links
Link mode % time
Ave bytes/min
Link mode % bytes
CC-sig lvl:tones
CC-sig lvl:link time
CC-sig lvl:bytes/min
CC-bytes/min:msg size

Frequency vs TOD
Successf ul Links

8PSK
0.0
0.0

4PSK
86.7
230
86.0
Tones

200FSK
4.6
129
3.0
19

Link Time Performance

Failed Links

Successful Links

25

Failed Links

No. of Links

15
10
5

100FSK
0.0
COD

0.90

0.0

Link Data Rate


Cumulative %

25

20

MHz

OFDM
8.7
293
11.0
0.47
-0.16
0.23
0.54

120.00%
100.00%
80.00%
60.00%
40.00%
20.00%
0.00%

20
15
10
5
0

Number of Links

Message Size

25

1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

20
15
10
5
0

Bytes

Island Time
02/21
GCC 4.13
GL 5100

Number of Links

Vessel:
Date:
GCC:
Modem:

0
0

10

15

20

Minutes

Hour of Day

Shore Station Performance


Link Time (secs)
350

Signal Strength

Frequency Use

Data Rate

Frequencies (MHz)

Link Performance

Number of Attempts

Link Time (secs)

25

WCC

300
250

Bytes per Minute

WNU

WCC

600
500

15

400

10

300

200
8PO

150
WNU

100

WCC

WNU

50

200

VCT
VCT
VCT

8PO

KPH

100

0
1

0
0

WCC(26:Louisiana) 12.6245(3) 13.0275(7) 17.3754(12)


WNU(8:Louisiana) 8.4255(1) 12.6704W(4) 12.9665(6) 16.942(10)
8PO(7:Barbados) 12.6804(5) 16.8415(9) 17.1554(11) 19.7414(14)
VCT(2:Newfoundland) 8.6614(2) 13.1624(8)
KPH(1:California) 19.7305W(13)

Data Rate

700

20

KPH
KPH

8PO

Signal Strength

10

Num ber of Frequencies

11

12

13

14

10

Num ber of Frequencies

11 12

13

14

Adaptive HF Features

Dynamic data rate adjustment


Automatic link establishment
Adaptive frame mapping
Individual tone retransmission
Least cost routing
Frequency agility

Planned New Features


Next generation protocol
Capacity improvement
Adds broadcast/multicast capability
Message delivery in as little as 2 seconds

Similar to current protocol


Same OFDM modulation and spectral efficiency
Improved timing and protocols

Protocol Improvements
Current Protocol

Ack

Data

Data

Data

Data

Ack

Ack

Ack

New Protocol

Data

Data

Data

Data

Data

Data

Data

Data

New protocol is twice as efficient as current protocol


New protocol eliminates call set up time
No hardware changes on ship
Twice as many vessels plus broadcasts, paging, network
messages on the same number of channels

Summary
The Globe Wireless Maritime Data Network is
operational world wide
Being used by 4000+ vessels
Offers greater flexibility than satellite only
systems
Ongoing improvements for more capacity
and new services
Increased spectral efficiency and more HF
channels are both needed for continued
growth in maritime use