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Physics 10

Physics 10 Coverage
Kinematics
Newtons Laws of Motion
Uniform Circular Motion and Universal Law of
Gravitation
Textbook: Halliday, et al. Principles of Physics 10 th
edition (International student version)
URL:
Users of 9th ed, in order to access 10th ed. on-line
services, pls. submit your names to your teacher

Vision :
Mission:
-

Computation of Grades

Quiz 1
PS 1
Quiz 2
PS 2
Quiz 3
PS 3
Quiz 4
PS 4
Final Exam ____
______
____ Recitation ____

Eleven (11) Weeks


Week Date Activity Week Date Activity
1
7
2

10

11

Week 1

Measurements (Exact and Inexact)


Rules of Significant Figures
Rules of Rounding Off and Scientific Notation
Conversion of Units

Language of Measurements
Physics is an experimental science. Experiments
require measurements, and we generally use
numbers to describe the results of
measurements.

International System of Units (SI)

1.7

Measurement
In science, we have the seven physical standards:

Unit Prefixes

The British System


British units are now officially defined in terms
of SI units, as follows:
Length: 1 inch = 2.54 cm
Force: 1 pound(force) = 4.448221615260 newtons

Dimensional Analysis/Unit Consistency


An equation must always be dimensionally
consistent.
Mass = M
Length = L
Time = T

Some examples:
Density has the quantity of M / L3
Speed has the quantity of L / T (i.e. miles per hour)
Acceleration has the quantity of L /T2
Force has the quantity of M L / T2
Question:
Can the left hand side of an expression A = B have
different units than the right hand side?

Dimensional Analysis
Checking equations with dimensional analysis:

1 2
x f xi vi t at
2
Note:
Each term must have same dimension
Two variables can not be added if dimensions are different
Multiplying variables is always fine
Numbers (e.g. 1/2 or ) are dimensionless

Check the equation for dimensional


consistency:
Here, m is a mass, g is an
mc 2
2
mgh
mc acceleration, c is a velocity, h is a
2
1 (v / c )
length

Consider the equation:


2

v
Mm
m G 2
r
r
Where m and M are masses, r is a radius and
v is a velocity.
What are the dimensions of G ?

Conversion of Units
1 inch = 2.54 cm
1 inch / 2.54 cm = 1
1 m = 3.28 ft

1 m / 3.28 ft = 1
1 mile = 5280 ft
5280 ft / 1 mile = 1
1 hr = 60 min = 3600 s
1 hr / 3600 s = 1

Example: Convert miles per hour to meters per second:

mi 1 mi
1
1 1 1
hr
hr
mi 1 mi 5280 ft
1m
1 hr
m 1m
1

0.447
hr
hr
mi
3.28 ft 3600 s
s
2 s

Practice Exercise
1. A platinum metal with density of 21.50 g/cu. cm
has a volume of 4.49 cu. cm. What is the mass in
pound mass if 1 kg = 1000 g = 2.2 pound mass?
2. During your travel, you rent a small car which
consumes 6 liters of gasoline per 100 km. a. What is
the MPG (mi/gal) of the car ?
. B. How gal of gasoline is needed to travel 1.25mi
(There are 3.8 liters per gallon; 1.6 km in 1 mi)

Convert 172.9 0F to degrees Celsius.

Convert 172.9 0F to degrees Celsius.


9
F=
x 0C + 32
5
0
F 32 = 9 x 0C
5
0

5 x (0F 32) = 0C
9
0
C = 5 x (0F 32)
9
0
C = 5 x (172.9 32) = 78.28
9

1.7