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Pengenalan

Sistem Informasi
Definisi Sistem (1)
• Definisi penekanan pada prosedur:
Suatu sistem adalah suatu jaringan kerja dari
prosedur-prosedur yang saling berhubungan,
berkumpul bersama-sama untuk melakukan
suatu kegiatan atau untuk menyelesaikan suatu
sasaran yang tertentu
• Definisi penekanan pada elemen/komponen:
Sistem adalah kumpulan dari elemen-elemen
yang berinteraksi untuk mencapai suatu tujuan
tertentu
Definisi Sistem (2)
• Sub-sistem
Subsistem sebenarnya hanyalah sistem
di dalam suatu sistem, ini berarti
bahwa sistem berada pada lebih dari
satu tingkat.
• Supersistem
Jika suatu sistem adalah bagian dari
sistem yang lebih besar, sistem yang
lebih besar itu adalah supersistem
Karakteristik Sistem
• Input
• Output
• Processing
• Feedback
• Control
• Boundary
• Environment
Contoh Diagram Sistem
• Contoh: Sistem Pemasaran
Klasifikasi Sistem
• Sistem diklasifikasikan sebagai sistem
abstrak (abstract system) dan sistem fisik
(physical system)
• Sistem diklasifikasikan sebagai sistem
alamiah (natural system) dan sistem
buatan manusia (human made system)
• Sistem diklasifikasikan sebagai sistem
tertentu (deterministic system) dan
sistem tak tentu (probabilistic system)
• Sistem diklasifikasikan sebagai sistem
tertutup (closed system) dan sistem
terbuka (open system)
Sistem Analisis dan Desain
(SA&D)
(kayaknya nanti aja di bab2)
• SA & D
– Overall process by which IS are designed
and implemented within organizations
• Two most common approaches to SA
&D
– Object-oriented analysis and design
– Systems Development Life Cycle
Definisi Sistem Informasi
• An information system is a set of interrelated
components that collect, manipulate, store,
and disseminate data and information and
provide a feedback mechanism to meet an
objective.
• An organized combinations of people,
hardware, software, communications
networks, and data resources that
collects data, transforms, and
disseminates information.
Komponen Sistem Informasi
• Data
Raw unorganized facts
• Informasi (Information)
A collection of facts organized in such a way that they have
additional value beyond the value of the facts themselves.

Defining and organizing relationships among data creates


information.

• Pengetahuan (Knowledge)
An awareness and understanding of a set of information and
ways that information can be made useful to support a
specific task or reach a decision
Proses
A set of logically related tasks performed to achieve a defined
outcome.
Karakteristik SI
• Accurate
• Complete
• Economical
• Flexible
• Reliable
• Relevant
• Simple
• Timely
• Verifiable
Nilai Informasi
The value of Information
is directly linked to how
it helps decision makers
achieve their organization’s
goals.
Klasifikasi Sistem Informasi
Sistem informasi dapat diklasifikasikan
berdasarkan:
– Level organisasi
– Fungsional
– Support provided
– Arsitektur SI
SI Struktur Organisasi
• Department Information System
• Entreprise Information System
• Interorganizational System
SI Area Fungsional
• Accounting Information System
• Finance Information System
• Manufacturing
(operations/Production) Information
System
• Marketing Information System
• Human Resources Management
Information System
Support Provided
• Transaction Processing System (TPS)
• Management Information System (MIS)
• Office Automation System (OAS)
• Decision Support System (DSS)
• Executive Information/ Support System
(EIS)
• Group Support System (GSS)
• Intelligent Support System
Pembahasan akan ditekankan di sini
Who are the stakeholders in
information systems?

• System Owners
• System Users
– Internal system users
• Clerical and service workers
• Technical and professional staff
• Mangers
– External system users
• Customers
• Suppliers
• Partners
• employee

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Who are the stakeholders in
information systems? (continued)
• System Designers
– Database administrators
– Web architects
– Graphic artists
– Security experts
– Technology specialists
• System Builders
– Application programmers
– System programmers
– Database programmers
– Network administrators
– Security administrators
– Web masters
– Software integrators
• System Analysts

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The Role of A System
Analyst
• System analyst is a specialist who
studies the problems and needs of an
organization to determine how
people, data, processes, and
information technology can best
accomplish improvements for the
business.

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Collecting Requirements

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Painting the Right Picture

ITK432 20
ITK432 21
Computer Based Information
System (CBIS)

• A set of hardware, software,


databases, telecommunications,
people, and procedures
configured to collect,
manipulate, store, and process
data and information
CBIS
Hardware:
Computer Equipment

Software:
Computer Programs

Databases:
An organized collections of facts
CBIS
Telecommunications:
Electronic transmission of signals
for communication

 Networks: Distant electronic


communication
 Internet: Interconnected Networks
 Intranet: Internal Corporate Network
 Extranet: Linked Intranets
CBIS
People

Procedures:
Strategies, policies, methods,
and rules for using a
CBIS.