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Adverbs and Adjectives

Adjectives vs Adverbs
 Adjectivesare used to describe / modify nouns:
Ann is beautiful.
The puppy is cute.

 Adverbs are used to describe / modify verbs,


adjectives other adverbs or a whole sentence:
He speaks slowly.
That problem was extremly difficult.
She is trying very hard to learn English.
Fortunately, he was there.
Types of adverbs
 Adverbs of time: She came yesterday.
place: Your friend is waiting
downstairs.
manner: He sang beautifully.
degree: I almost won the
game.
How to form adverbs?
 Add –ly to an adjective to form the adverb:
quiet → quietly; perfect → perfectly

 Change the - y into - i and add - ly to an


adjective ending in - y:
busy → busily; happy → happily
 Drop the final - e of adjectives (that end
in - e) and add ly:
terrible → terribly; possible → possibly

 Add - ally to adjectives ending in – ic:


logic → logically; tragic → tragically
Andjectives ending in – ly
 Thereare adjectives ending in – ly.
Don’t mistake them for adverbs!

friendly → She smiled in a friendly way.


lively → She danced in a lively manner.
Other examples: lovely, lonely, ugly,
deadly, chilly, womanly, curly, silly, etc.
 She is wonderful.
 She seems nice.
 She got angry.
 This hot dog tastes good.