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Writing I

6th Class : 6th of October 2013


Frida Ferdani Putri
fridaferdaniputri@gmail.com

Universitas Terbuka
Korea Selatan

CLASS 6
Modul 7 Grammar
Write a past story.
Write a childhood story.
Write your activity in the weekend.

Objective
Kompetensi Umum
Mahasiswa diharapkan mampu menulis aktivitas dalam Bahasa
Inggris
Kompetensi Khusus
Mahasiswa diharapkan mampu menulis kejadian yang telah
lewat, karangan tentang masa kecil, dan kegiatan akhir pekan

Simple Past Tense


Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang sudah terjadi

(lampau).
now

past

future

He called me yesterday.
The coffee was still hot few minutes ago.

Simple Past Tense


Pola
Positive
S + V2 + Object + Time
expression
Negative
S + did not + V1 + Object +
Time expression
Question
Did+ S + V1 + Object + Time
expression?

Contoh
I cooked fried rice this morning.

I didnt cook fried rice this


morning.
Did you go to the library?
What did you do last night?

Wh-Question + did + S + V1 +
Object + Time expression?

Simple Past Tense


Simple Past Tense With Be
Menggunakan was dan were.

Pola
Positive
S + was/were + adj/adv/noun + time
expression
Negative
S + was/were not + adj/adv/noun + time
expression
Question
Was/Were + S + adj/adv/noun + time
expression?
Wh-Question + was/were + S + adj +
time expression?

Contoh
I was late this morning.
The book was on the table yesterday.
He was a policeman 20 years ago.
I was not late this morning.
The book was not on the table yesterday.
He was not a policeman 20 years ago.
Were you late this morning?
Was the book on the table yesterday?
Was he a policeman 20 years ago?
Who was late this morning?
Where was the book yesterday?
What was he 20 years ago?

Past Progressive Tense


Dipakai untuk menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang sedang

berlangsung pada waktu yang telah lewat.


Tense ini biasanya tidak pernah berdiri sendiri. Akan
tetapi, pada umumnya selalu dipakai bersama dengan
Simple Past Tense dengan menggunakan kata hubung
when.
now

past

She was talking on the phone.

future

Past Progressive Tense


Pola

Contoh

Positive
S + was/were + Ving

They were cooking when I came.

Negative
S + was/were not + Ving

I was not driving.

Question
Was/Were + S + Ving.?

Were you sleeping?

Wh-Question + was/were + S +
Ving?
Was not wasnt
Were not werent

Who was laughing just now?

Some and Any


Some

Any

Countable dan uncountable


nouns.

Countable dan uncountable


nouns.

Kalimat positif dan interogatif.

Kalimat negatif dan interogatif.

E.g.,
I will buy some bags.
You need to put some sugar.
Do you have some salt?

E.g.,
I dont have any money in my
wallet.
She doesnt have any friends.

Dalam kalimat interogatif


menekankan bahwa hanya
beberapa saja dan jawaban yang
diharapkan adalah yes.

Dalam kalimat interogatif


menekankan bahwa yang
ditanyakan adalah banyak.

Contoh:
Do you have some money? (I
need some of yours)

Contoh:
Do you have any money? (all)

Demonstrative
Ini :
This + singular noun
This book is mine.

These + plural noun


These books are mine.

Itu
That + singular noun
That book is mine.

Those + plural noun


Those books are mine.

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Demonstrative
Adjective: menerangkan kata benda yang

mengikutinya.

This beach is empty during winter.


These boys will help you to clean your house.
That actor is handsome.
Those chairs are made of wood.

Pronouns menggantikan kata benda.


This is my brother, Tim and that is my sister, Jill.
These are the old paintings, those are the old statues.

Adverb of Manner
Menerangkan bagaimana sebuah peristiwa terjadi dan

bagaimana seseorang melakukan sesuatu.


Posisi adverb of manner adalah setelah kata kerja.
She runs fast

Apabila ada 2 buah objek dalam sebuah kalimat, maka

adverb of manner pada umumnya diletakkan di akhir


kalimat.
My mother gave the book to me happily

Dalam bentuk passive, adverb of manner diletakkan

sebelum adjective.
This house is absolutely clean.

Adverb of Manner