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WELCOME

INDEX
Introduction
Architecture
Classification
Comparison
Advantages
Conclusion
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INTRODUCTION
Wind energy - most economical renewable energy
technology.
Wind turbines will supply 12% of the global
electricity.
Contributor in reducing CO2 emissions.
Solutions to the mounting concerns over the security
of energy supply and volatile fossil fuel prices.
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INTRODUCTION contd
Wind doesnt blow all the time in most places.
Wind at high altitudes is almost constant and have
high velocity.
Airborne wind turbines (AWT) generate more power
compared to Conventional wind turbines(CWT).

INTRODUCTION contd...
A wind turbine with a
rotor supported in the air
without a tower.
Harness KE of high
altitude wind.
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ARCHITECTURE
Blimp (Air ship)
Turbine and Gear box
Tether
Electrical Converter Topology
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ARCHITECTURE

Blimp (Air ship)


A light gas filled geometry.
Filled with Hydrogen or
Helium gas.
Size depends on the overall
weight of the system.

Tether
To hold the Blimp at a given altitude.
Transmit the power to ground base station.

Tether contd..
Kevlar core :* It is a synthetic fiber of high tensile
strength.
* Used especially as a reinforcing agent.
Conductor :* Uses aluminum conductor.
* To reduce the weight.

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Turbine & Gear box


Gear box is used for low altitude turbines.
Directly coupled for high altitude turbines.
Turbine is connected to the alternator using gear box.

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Electrical converter
topology
Here the Mechanical power is converted into
Electrical power.
Permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)
is used.
Power electronic converters.

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Classification
1. AC Generation - DC Transmission :
Low voltage AC generation and Medium voltage
DC transmission.
2. AC Generation - AC Transmission:
Medium voltage AC generation and Medium
voltage AC transmission.

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Electric system of HAWP


system with LV-AC
generation and MV-DC
transmission

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Electric system of HAWP


system with
three phase MV-AC
generation and MV-AC
transmission

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Variation of Power with


Altitude

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Various parameters
comparison
Parameters

CWT

HAWT

Wind power density (W/m2)

336

2600

Land requirement (m2/100kW)

20,000

520

Initial investment (US$/kW)

2000

1100

COE (US$/MWh)

71

41

Capacity factor

30%

70%

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Comparison between HAWP &


CWP
HAWT

CWT

Constant wind

Not constant

High speed

Low speed

Highly efficient

Less efficient

Cost is too high

Low cost

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CHALLENGES
Hydrogen gas is highly inflammable.
Lightning.
Unexpected displacement from current position.
Therefore automatic position controllers are used
to keep the system at a specified position

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ADVANTAGES
Highly Reliable
Simple
Low Cost
Negligible Maintenance
Constant Output
Robust Construction

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CONCLUSION
Alternate energy resource.
High and constant power.
Easy deploying, low installation cost and
maintenance systems.
Eco-friendly.
Challenges like unforeseen crashing.
Need automated control systems.

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REFERENCES
Harnessing High Altitude Wind Power Using Light Gas Filled
Blimp: Jeevan Adhikari, Department of Electrical and
Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore,
Singapore(2013)
G. M. Masters, Renewable and Efficient Electric Power
Systems(Wiley,2004).
Loyd. M. L, Cross Wind Power Journal of Energy vol. 4
May-June 1980,p. 106-111.
White, N.; Tierno, N.; Garcia-Sanz, M., A novel approach to
airbornewind energy: Design and modeling, Energytech,
2011 IEEE , vol., no., pp.1,6, 25-26 May 2011
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THANK
YOU
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