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The Significancy and the Future of

Interdisciplinary Research
(in Indonesia)
Damona K. Poespawardaja & Sugiharso Safuan
Indostaff for InBar
Jakarta, Harris Hotel, 9 September 2006

RISET INTERDISIPLIN
We are not students of some subject matter, but student
of problems. And problems may cut right across the
borders of any subject matter or discipline (Karl
Popper, 1963)
Pengertian:
Penelitian yang melibatkan lebih dari dua disiplin keilmuan.

Mengapa RISET INTERDISIPLIN penting?

Pertanyaan penelitian tidak cukup dijawab dengan hanya


menggunakan satu disiplin keilmuan.

RISET INTERDISIPLIN

Dinamika masyarakat terus berkembang yang ditandai


dari perubahan dari berbagai aspek kehidupan, misalnya
dalam hal berkonsumsi,komunikasi, perubahan cara
pandang, perubahan sikap/perilaku terhadap fenomena
yang ada di masyarakat.

Berkembangnya teknologi yang memungkinkan


dilakukakan riset interdisiplin.

Perkembangan metodologi penelitian memungkinkan


melakukan penelitian lintas disiplin ilmu

Keinginan peneliti atau pembuat kebijakan untuk


memperoleh gambaran yang komplit dari suatu
persoalan penelitian

Riset Interdisiplin

Perkembangan pengetahuan manusia telah


mengakibatkan fragmentasinya sendiri menjadi disiplindisiplin yang sangat terspesialisasi;
Para (super) spesialis yang merasa mempunyai
kepentingan sendiri dengan curiga melindungi dunia
mereka dari campur tangan orang lain.
Mengakibatkan isolasi disiplin tertentu yg tidak dapat
memecahkan masalah yg berkembang cepat dengan
hanya satu disiplin ilmu.
Perkembangan keahlian mengkomunikasikan gagasan
dan hasil riset mono-disiplin menuntut kognisi dan
artikulasi tingkat lintas-pengetahuan pribadi;
Pada gilirannya dirasakan perlunya keterlibatan penuh
melakukan riset secara inter / lintas disiplin .

Convocation Quote
Interdisciplinary research by definition

requires the researchers to learn the


other discipline. I like to stress
vocabulary, but also methodology; I
feel very strongly about it.

Ruzena Bajcsy, director of the Center for


Information Technology Research in the Interest of
Society, University of California Berkeley,

Key Conditions for Successful IDR at


Academic Institutions

At the heart is communication:


the conversations, connections, and combinations
that bring new insights to virtually every kind of
scientist and engineer.

Aspect
Key Conditions
Initial Stages:
- Common problem(s) to solve
Building bridges - Leadership
- Environment that encourages faculty/
researcher collaboration
- Establishing a team philosophy
- Seed / glue money

Key Conditions

Aspects
Building Bridges

Key Conditions
- Seminar to foster bridges between
students, post doc. Scholars, and
PIs at the same Institution.
- WS to foster bridges between
investigators at different institutions
- Frequent meeting among team
members
- Think of the end at the beginning

Key Conditions.

Supporting
the Project

- Science and engineering PhDs trained in


research administration
- Support project initiation and team
building
- Seamless and flexible funding
- Willingness to take risks
- Recognize potential for high impact
- Involvement of funding organization

Key Conditions

Facilities

- Physical co-location of
researchers
- Shared instrumentation
- Enhance chance meetings
between researchers, such as
on-site cafetarias

Key Conditions..

Organization/
Administration

- Matrix organization
- Rewards for academic
leaders who foster IDR
- Tenure/promotion policies
for ID work
- Utilize experts with breadth
and IDR experiences for
assessment
- Professional recognition
of successful practitioners of
IDR.

Elemen Elemen Penting dalam


Riset Multidisiplin
Non- substance :
Lack

of trust: trust is rarely placed


Lack of trustfulness and
trustworthiness
Experiences in terms of abused trust

Elemen Elemen Penting dalam


Riset Multidisiplin
Lack

of a win-win-conception
Cross-cultural Communication
patterns
Personnel training

Elemen-Elemen dalam Riset


Multidisiplin
Substance:

Methodology: qualitative and/or


quantitative

TRUST AND PARTNERSHIP


-Research

as a basic part of scientific


cooperation

-Differences

in understanding research

activities in
different cultural settings

-Research

Management & Knowledge


Management

TRUST AND PARTNERSHIP


-Scientific

work and entrepreneurship

-Researchers

as entrepreneurs

-Entrepreneurship

universities

TRUST AND PARTNERSHIP


-Differences
-Taxonomy

in organizational settings

and differences in
research activities

Convocation Quote
If you think of disciplines as organs,

true interdisciplinary is something like


blood. It flows. It is a liquid. It is not
contained. There is no inside and
outside
( Alice Gottlieb, professor of medicine and
director, Clinical Research Center at the Robert
Wood Jonson Medical School)

Contoh Kasus

1. Kasus pertama :
Interdisciplinary Studies on the Effect of
Kali Angke Cleaning. Kolaborasi riset
antara Tzu Chi Unviersity Taiwan dengan
Universitas Indonesia

2. Tujuan Studi : mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor


yang meningkatkan kualitas air di sungai Angke
(Kerjasama antara Universitas Tzu Chi (Taiwan)
dan Universitas Indonesia (2006)

Masalah dalam penyelenggaran


Riset
Multidisiplin:
Clarity of
the goal
of the project
Research Management
Mission Coordinator

Call meeting

Combining ideas of participants

Writing comprehensive proposal

Executing program

Masalah dalam penyelenggaran


Riset Multidisiplin:
Areas of research :

Versi Universitas Tzu Chi

health, physical environmental, mental health


religion
education
inter ethnic

Versi

Universitas Indonesia

health
physical
environmental
physical health
social psychology :Inter ethnic and religion,education and welfare
legal

Masalah dalam
penyelenggaraan
Riset Multidisiplin
Research Management:

Organisasi manajemen riset :


Harus ada headquater (kantor pusat)
Komandan atau PI
Hubungan dengan pihak-pihak terkait
Stake Holders perlu diajak

Masalah dalam
penyelenggaran Riset
Multidisiplin
Research Management:

Non substansi :

Fasilitas
Ijin-ijin
Anggaran2
Overhead fee
Sekretaris

Masalah dalam penyelenggaran


Riset Multidisiplin:
Research Management:

Longitudinal
Durasi : 10 year sampai bersih dan ada
check point in every 5 years
Maintenance
Budget
Predicted behavior shaping and changing
(social psychology)

Kasus - kasus

Teknologi Kendali Pencemaran Lingkungan


karena Limbah Tambang Freeport.
Social Support System dalam Masyarakat
untuk Pengembangan Pendidikan Tinggi di
Indonesia.
Pengelolaan PT dan Akuntabilitas Sosial
Kelompok Intelektual Bangsa ini
Pasca Musibah Lumpur Lapindo Brantas:
Posisi Kesejahteraan dan Harapan Hidup bagi
Rakyat Kebanyakan.
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