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Maxis 3G

Network Strategies
by Huawei RNPO
26-Aug-2013

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Confidential

Page 1

Contents
U2100 Multi-Carriers Strategy
U2100+W900 Multi-Carriers Strategy
PS State Transition (Cell_FACH) Strategy
SRNS Relocation
3G&2G Inter-Working

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Page 2

Network Status Summary


Carrier distribution

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Relations with SGSN

Network Status Summary

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Multi-Carriers Strategy
U2100
(1) 1CR- 1 Carrier Strategy
(2) Dual-HS Strategy
(3) Tri-HS Strategy
U2100+W900
(1) W900 Phase1 Strategy
(2) W900 Phase2 Strategy

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Page 5

Multi-Carriers Strategy

U2100 Load Balancing

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Page 6

1CR Strategy
IDLE MODE

1st Carrier

Cell
Reselection(bidirectional)
RRC Connection Setup
RAB Setup

CONNECTED MODE

CAC UU DL = ON
LDR UU DL = ON

IDLE MODE

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+ HS

RRC Connection Setup


RAB Setup

GSM - IDLE MODE

GSM CONNECTED MODE

(1) 1st Carrier UNRESERVED


(2) 1st Carrier support all services -R99(CS+PS) and HSPA
(3) 1st Carrier support ONLY DL CAC (NBMDlCacAlgoSelSwitch=ALGORITHM_FIRST)
(4) 1st Carrier support ONLY DL_UU_LDR ,CELL_CODE_LDR and CELL_CREDIT_LDR.
(DlLdrFirstAction=BERateRed, DlLdrSecondAction=InterFreqLDHO, DlLdrThirdAction=CodeAdj)

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Dual-HS Strategy
IDLE MODE

Cell
Reselection(bidirectional)
Cell
Reselection(unidirectional)
RRC Connection Setup
RAB Setup

CONNECTED MODE

DRD HSDPA Load


based
LDR
2nd Carrier

IDLE MODE

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

LDR
1st Carrier

IDLE MODE
RRC Connection Setup
RAB Setup

GSM - IDLE MODE

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

DRD (HSDPA Load


based)

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

GSM CONNECTED MODE

Both Carriers -UNRESERVED


Idle Mode users randomly camp-on Carriers and do cell reselection (based on P-CPICH EcIo)
Both Carrier support all services -R99(CS+PS) and HSPA
Both Carriers support DRD based on HSDPA Load (user number) .
Both Carrier support ONLY DL CAC (NBMDlCacAlgoSelSwitch=ALGORITHM_FIRST)
Both Carriers support ONLY DL_UU_LDR ,CELL_CODE_LDR and CELL_CREDIT_LDR (DlLdrFirstAction=BERateRed,
DlLdrSecondAction=InterFreqLDHO, DlLdrThirdAction=CodeAdj).

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Tri-HS Strategy
IDLE MODE

Cell
Reselection(bidirectional)
Cell
Reselection(unidirectional)
RRC Connection Setup
RAB Setup

CONNECTED MODE

DRD Load based


LDR
3rd carrier

2nd carrier

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

IDLE MODE

IDLE MODE

UNRESERVED+ R99(CS+PS)+HS

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

DRD Load based


1st carrier

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

IDLE MODE

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

RRC Connection Setup


RAB Setup

GSM - IDLE MODE

GSM CONNECTED MODE

(1) All Carriers UNRESERVED


(2) Idle Mode users randomly camp-on all 3 Carriers and do cell reselection (based on P-CPICH EcIo)
(3) All Carrier support all services -R99(CS+PS) and HSPA
(4) All Carriers support DRD based on HSDPA Load (user number).
(5) All Carrier support ONLY DL CAC (NBMDlCacAlgoSelSwitch=ALGORITHM_FIRST)
(6) All Carriers support ONLY DL_UU_LDR ,CELL_CODE_LDR and CELL_CREDIT_LDR (DlLdrFirstAction=BERateRed, DlLdrSecondAction=InterFreqLDHO,
DlLdrThirdAction=CodeAdj).

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Multi-Carriers Strategy(U2100)
- Mobility & Neighbor Definition-

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Page 10

Intra-Freq Coverage based HO

1CR Strategy

Inter-Freq Coverage based HO(Inter-NODEB)


Inter-Freq Load based HO (Blind HO) (CoSECTOR)

Intra-RAT HO

2nd Carrier

Dual-HS

Dual-HS

1st Carrier

1CR- Serving

1CR

3rd Carrier

Tri-HS

2nd Carrier

Tri-HS

1st Carrier

Inter-RAT HO

GSM

GSM

GSM

1CR- Serving

Inter-RAT Idle Mode Reselection


(bidirectional)
Inter-RAT Idle Mode Reselection
(unidirectional)
Inter-RAT Coverage based HO
(unidirectional)

1CR- Serving

3G- 1st Carrier

Tri-HS

GSM

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1CR

Dual-HS Strategy
Intra-RAT HO

Tri-HS

Dual-HSServing

Dual-HS
Intra-Freq Coverage based HO
Inter-Freq Coverage based HO (Inter-NODEB)

Tri-HS

3rd Carrier

Inter-Freq Load based HO (BlindHO) (CoSECTOR)


2nd Carrier

Tri-HS

1st Carrier

Inter-RAT HO

Tri-HS

Dual-HS

Dual-HS

Dual-HS

Dual-HS

Inter-RAT Idle Mode Reselection


(bidirectional)
Inter-RAT Idle Mode Reselection
(unidirectional)
Inter-RAT Coverage based HO
(unidirectional)

Dual HSServing

3G- 2ndCarrier

3G- 1st Carrier

Dual HSServing

GSM

GSM

GSM

GSM

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Tri-HS Strategy
Intra-RAT HO
3rd Carrier

Tri-HS
Serving

Tri-HS

Tri-HS

Dual-HS

Intra-Freq Coverage based HO


Inter-Freq Coverage based HO (Inter-NODEB)
Inter-Freq Load based HO (BlindHO) (CoSECTOR)

2nd Carrier

Tri-HS

1st Carrier

Inter-RAT HO

Tri-HS

Tri-HS

Tri-HS

Dual-HS

Tri-HS

Dual-HS

TriHSServing

3G- 3ndCarrier

Inter-RAT Idle Mode Reselection


(bidirectional)
Inter-RAT Idle Mode Reselection
(unidirectional)
Inter-RAT Coverage based HO
(unidirectional)

TriHSServing

3G- 2ndCarrier

3G- 1st Carrier

TriHSServing

GSM

GSM

GSM

GSM

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Multi-Carriers Strategy
U2100+W900 Load Balancing
W900 Phase1
W900 Phase2

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Page 14

Tri-HS +W900 Phase 1


Cell Reselection(bidirectional)
Cell Reselection(unidirectional)

IDLE MODE

CONNECTED MODE

RRC Connection Setup


Low RRC/RAB setup due to forced
Idle Mode Cell Reselection

RAB Setup
Blindho (bidirectional)

IDLE MODE
(less prefer)

F4

(1)Idle Mode Cell Reselection


Due to Terminal (UE)capability limitation ,UE can
only measure up to 3 inter-freq channels .Thus,
the cell reselection only allow up to 3 frequency
layers.
F1 -> F2,F4,GSM , F1->F3 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F2-> F1,F3,GSM , F2->F4 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F3- > F2,F4,GSM , F3->F1 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F4- > F2,F3,GSM , F4 ->F1 SIB11Ind=FALSE

F3

F2

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

IDLE MODE

IDLE MODE

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

UNRESERVED + HS preferred

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

(2)To prevent users setup on F4 (W900)


UE immediate start Inter-freq measurement.
SET IdleSintersearch= 9 on F4
Forced Idle Mode Cell Reselection.
F4 -> F2,F3
SET IdleQoffset2sn= -50
F1,F3-> F4 SET IdleQoffset2sn= +50

(3) When users in Cell_FACH state,


Not require to apply IdleQoffset2sn as (2) , thus
need to on SIBSwitch -12 on W900
MOD CELLSIBSWITCH: CellId=W900CI,
SibCfgBitMap=SIB12-1;

F1

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

IDLE MODE

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

RRC Connection Setup


RAB Setup

GSM - IDLE MODE

GSM-CONNECTED MODE

Remark : When turn-on PS State Transition( CELL_FACH) require to unreserved (CellReservedForOperatorUse=NOT_RESERVED) F4(W900) layer to avoid PS drop

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Tri-HS +W900 Phase 1


(1) All Carriers -UNRESERVED
(2) Idle Mode users randomly camp-on carriers (include GSM) and do cell reselection according to the following approaches,
Intra-NodeB (Co-sector inter-freq neighbour relations)
F1<>F2<>F3 normal cell reselection based on P-CPICH EcIo.
F4 ->F2,F3
forced cell reselection from F4 to F2,F3 by SET IdleQoffset2sn= -50 and set IdleSintersearch= 9 on F4 to immediate start
Inter-freq measurement.
F1,F3 ->F4 forbid cell resection from F1,F3 to F4 by SET IdleQoffset2sn= +50
Inter-NodeB (Inter-NodeB , Unidirectional Inter-Freq neighbour relation is configured from F4 to F1,F2 due to W900 has a bigger coverage than
U2100)
F4 -> F2 (inter-NodeB) forced cell reselection from F4 to F1,F2 by SET IdleQoffset2sn= -50
Remark : For users in Cell_FACH state, not require to apply IdleQoffset2sn (+/- 50), thus need to on SIBSwitch -12 to
broadcastConnQoffset2sn =0 to control cell update procedure based on P-CPICH EcIo . MOD CELLSIBSWITCH: CellId=21336,
SibCfgBitMap=SIB12-1; .
(3) All Carriers support all services -R99(CS+PS) and HSPA ,HSPA preferred on F4 (CS users may exist due to combined services and some UE may
able to setup the call before Forced Cell Reselection is triggered.)
(4) All Carriers support DRD based on HSDPA Load (HSDPA user number).
Bidirectional blindho/DRD based on HSDPA Load allows among co-sector F1,F2,F3,F4
DC-HSDPA users are using F1,F2 and if it setup in F3/F4 then it will be DRD from F3/F4 down to F1/F2.
To control DRD/Blindho failures from W900 to W2100, DRDECN0THRESHHOLD generally set to =-8.
(5) All Carrier support ONLY DL CAC (NBMDlCacAlgoSelSwitch=ALGORITHM_FIRST)
(6) All Carriers support ONLY DL_UU_LDR ,CELL_CODE_LDR and CELL_CREDIT_LDR
W2100: (DlLdrFirstAction=BERateRed, DlLdrSecondAction=InterFreqLDHO, DlLdrThirdAction=CodeAdj).
W900: (DlLdrFirstAction=BERateRed, DlLdrSecondAction=CodeAdj, DlLdrThirdAction=NoAction).

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Tri-HS +W900 Phase 2


Cell Reselection(bidirectional)
Cell Reselection(unidirectional)

IDLE MODE

CONNECTED MODE

RRC Connection Setup


Low RRC/RAB setup due to forced
Idle Mode Cell Reselection

RAB Setup
Blindho (bidirectional)

IDLE MODE
(less prefer)

F4

Blindho (single
directional)

(1)Idle Mode Cell Reselection


Due to Terminal (UE)capability limitation ,UE can
only measure up to 3 inter-freq channels .Thus,
the cell reselection only allow up to 3 frequency
layers.
F1 -> F2,F4,GSM , F1->F3 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F2-> F1,F3,GSM , F2->F4 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F3- > F2,F4,GSM , F3->F1 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F4- > F2,F3,GSM , F4 ->F1 SIB11Ind=FALSE

F3

F2

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

IDLE MODE

IDLE MODE

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

(2)To prevent users setup on F4 (W900)


UE immediate start Inter-freq measurement.
F1

SET IdleSintersearch= 6 on F4 & set


IdleSintersearch= 3 on W2100
Forced Idle Mode Cell Reselection.
F4 -> F2,F3
SET IdleQoffset2sn= -3
F1,F3-> F4 SET IdleQoffset2sn= +3

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

IDLE MODE

UNRESERVED + R99(CS+PS)+HS

RRC Connection Setup


RAB Setup

(3) When users in Cell_FACH state,

GSM - IDLE MODE

GSM-CONNECTED MODE

Not require to apply IdleQoffset2sn as (2) , thus


need to on SIBSwitch -12 on W900
MOD CELLSIBSWITCH: CellId=W900CI,
SibCfgBitMap=SIB12-1;

Remark : When turn-on PS State Transition( CELL_FACH) require to unreserved (CellReservedForOperatorUse=NOT_RESERVED) F4(W900) layer to avoid PS drop

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Tri-HS +W900 Phase 2


(1) All Carriers UNRESERVED
(2) Idle Mode users randomly camp-on carriers (include GSM) and do cell reselection according to the following approaches,
Intra-NodeB (Co-sector inter-freq neighbour relations)
F1<>F2 <>F3 cell reselection based on P-CPICH EcIo.
F4 ->F2,F3 cell reselection from F4 to F2,F3 by SET IdleQoffset2sn= -3 for load balance purpose and set IdleSintersearch= 6 on F4 to
speed up Inter-freq measurement.
F1,F3 ->F4 cell resection from F1,F3 to F4 by SET IdleQoffset2sn= 3 for load balance purpose and set IdleSintersearch= 3 on F1,F3 to
allow cell reselect at cell edge of U2100.
Inter-NodeB (Inter-NodeB , Unidirectional Inter-Freq neighbour relation is configured from F4 to F1,F2 due to W900 has a bigger coverage than
U2100)
F4 -> F2 (inter-NodeB ) cell reselection from F4 to F2 by SET IdleQoffset2sn= -3 and set IdleSintersearch= 6 on F4 to speed up Inter-freq
measurement.
(3) All Carriers support all services -R99(CS+PS) and HSPA
(4) All Carriers support DRD based on HSDPA Load (HSDPA user number).
Bidirectional DRD based on HSDPA Load allows among co-sector F1,F2,F3
Single direction DRD used from W900 towards W2100.
DC-HSDPA users are using F1,F2 and if it setup in F3/F4 then it will be DRD from F3/F4 down to F1/F2.
To control DRD/Blindho failures from W900 to W2100, DRDECN0THRESHHOLD generally set to =-8.
(5) All Carrier support ONLY DL CAC (NBMDlCacAlgoSelSwitch=ALGORITHM_FIRST)
(6) All Carriers support ONLY DL_UU_LDR ,CELL_CODE_LDR and CELL_CREDIT_LDR
W2100: (DlLdrFirstAction=BERateRed, DlLdrSecondAction=InterFreqLDHO, DlLdrThirdAction=CodeAdj).
W900: (DlLdrFirstAction=BERateRed, DlLdrSecondAction=CodeAdj, DlLdrThirdAction=NoAction).
(7) GSM only configure F1 and F4-co-sector idle neighbor.

RRM Parameters

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Multi-Carriers Strategy (U2100+W900)


- Mobility & Neighbor Definition-

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Page 19

Tri-HS +W900 Mobility - Idle Mode


Cell
Reselection(bidirectional)
Cell
Reselection(unidirectional
)

F4

IDLE MODE

Idle Mode Cell Reselection


Due to Terminal (UE)capability limitation ,UE can
only measure up to 3 inter-freq channels .Thus,
the cell reselection only allow up to 3 frequency
layers.
Intra-NodeB (Co-sector)
F1 -> F4,F2,GSM , F1->F3 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F2-> F1,F3,GSM , F2->F4 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F3- > F2,F4,GSM , F3->F1 SIB11Ind=FALSE
F4- > F2,F3,GSM , F4 ->F1 SIB11Ind=FALSE

F3

IDLE MODE

IDLE MODE

Inter-NodeB
Unidirectional Inter-Freq neighbour relation is
configured from F4 to F1,F2 and GSM.
IDLE MODE

GSM - IDLE MODE

IDLE MODE

IDLE MODE

GSM - IDLE MODE

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IDLE MODE

IDLE MODE

GSM - IDLE MODE

F2

F1

Tri-HS +W900 Mobility - Load Based HO (BLIND HO)


3G W900

F4

BlindHO (bidirectional), BlindHOFlag=TRUE


BlindHO (single directional),
BlindHOFlag=TRUE

F3

3G U2100

F2

3G U2100

3G U2100

F1

3G U2100

3G U2100

GSM

GSM

3G U2100

3G U2100

GSM

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Tri-HS +W900 Mobility - Coverage Based HO


Intra-Freq
HO
Inter-Freq Coverage based
HO
Inter-RAT HO (unidirectional)

3G W900

F4

F3

3G U2100

F2

3G U2100

3G U2100

F1

3G U2100

3G U2100

GSM

GSM

3G U2100

3G U2100

GSM

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Cell_FACH Strategy

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Page 23

Cell Reselection
RRC Connection

1CR Strategy + Cell_FACH

RAB Setup
D2F ,H2F ,E2F

CELL_DCH

CELL_FACH
E4aF2D,F2H,F2E

1st Carrier

F2D ,F2H, F2E

CONNECTED MODE

IDLE MODE

R99 or HSPA
Services

IDLE MODE
RRC Connection Setup
RAB Setup

PS service on
FACH/RACH

UNRESERVED +
R99(CS+PS)+ HS

E4b D2F,H2F,E2F

RRC Connection Release (PS In-activity Timer= 20sec)

(1) 1st Carrier UNRESERVED


(2) 1st Carrier support all services -R99(CS+PS) and HSPA
(3) 1st Carrier support PS State Transition (PS R99+HS)
(4) After UE established RRC& RAB, it remains in Cell_DCH state as long as the connection is active and the UL or DL data volume in the buffer
(UE or RNC) exceed e4b threshold. (64 Bytes).
(5) When the UL&DL data volume in the UE &RNC buffer is less than e4b threshold (64Bytes) for a duration of 5 sec (Time-to-trigger),an Event-4b
will be triggered . For a duration of 5s (State Transition Timer), if the buffers are still below 64Bytes , the UE will be moved to Cell_FACH state.
(6) When the UL or DL data volume in the UE or RNC buffer is more than e4a threshold (1024Bytes) for a duration of 0sec (Time-to-trigger),an
Event-4a will be triggered then the UE will be moved back to Cell_DCH state immediately.
(7) When the UE have no activity ( data volume UL&DL =0 ) for a duration of 20 s. (PS In-activity Timer), the RRC connection will be released , UE
enter idle mode.

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Cell Update
Cell Reselection

Dual-HS Strategy + Cell_FACH

RRC Connection
RAB Setup

IDLE MODE

CELL_DCH

2nd Carrier

PS service on
FACH/RACH

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

LDR

DRD Load
based E4aF2D,F2H,F2E

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

UNRESERVED +
R99(CS+PS)+HS

Cell Update
PS service on
FACH/RACH

SPG=1

IDLE MODE

F2D ,F2H, F2E


CELL_FACH

SPG= 1

IDLE MODE

Cell Reselection
1st Carrier

D2F ,H2F ,E2F

CONNECTED MODE

UNRESERVED +
R99(CS+PS)+HS

E4b D2F,H2F,E2F

RRC Connection Setup


RAB Setup
RRC Connection Release (PS In-activity Timer= 20sec)

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

Both CarriersUNRESERVED. Idle Mode users randomly camp-on Carriers and do Cell reselection (based on P-CPICH Ec/Io)
Both Carrier support all services -R99(CS+PS) and HSPA
Both Carrier s support PS State Transition (PS R99+HS)
After UE established RRC& RAB, it remains in Cell_DCH state as long as the connection is active and the UL or DL data volume in the buffer (UE or RNC)
exceed e4b threshold. (64 Bytes).
(5) When the UL&DL data volume in the UE &RNC buffer is less than e4b threshold (64Bytes) for a duration of 5 sec (Time-to-trigger),an Event-4b will be
triggered . For a duration of 5s (State Transition Timer), if the buffers are still below 64Bytes , the UE will be moved to Cell_FACH state.
(6) When the UL or DL data volume in the UE or RNC buffer is more than e4a threshold (1024Bytes) for a duration of 0sec (Time-to-trigger),an Event-4a will
be triggered then the UE will be moved back to Cell_DCH state immediately.
(7) When UE in Cell_FACH state, it randomly do Cell Update (based on P-CPICH EcIo)
(8) When the UE have no activity ( data volume UL&DL =0 ) for a duration of 20 s. (PS In-activity Timer), the RRC connection will be released , UE enter idle
mode.

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Cell Update
Cell Reselection

Tri-HS Strategy + Cell_FACH

RRC Connection
RAB Setup
D2F ,H2F ,E2F
F2D ,F2H, F2E
DRD Service based

IDLE MODE

CELL_DCH

3rd Carrier

2nd Carrier

1st Carrier

CELL_FACH

PS service on
FACH/RACH

SPG= 1

IDLE MODE

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

PS service on
FACH/RACH

SPG= 1

IDLE MODE

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

LDR

Cell Reselection

DRD HSDPA Load


based
LDR

CONNECTED MODE

DRD Load
based
E4aF2D,F2H,F2E

RRC Connection Setup


RAB Setup

LDR UU DL = ON
CAC UU DL = ON

E4b D2F,H2F,E2F

RRC Connection Release (PS In-activity Timer= 20sec)

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UNRESERVED +
R99(CS+PS)

Cell Update
PS service on
FACH/RACH

SPG=1

IDLE MODE

UNRESERVED +
R99(CS+PS)

UNRESERVED +
R99(CS+PS)

Tri-HS Strategy + Cell_FACH


(1) All Carriers UNRESERVED , Idle Mode users randomly camp-on Carriers and do Cell reselection (based on P-CPICH Ec/Io)
(2) All Carriers support all services -R99(CS+PS) and HSPA
(3) All Carrier s support PS State Transition (PS R99+HS)
(4) After UE established RRC& RAB, it remains in Cell_DCH state as long as the connection is active and the UL or DL data volume in the buffer (UE or RNC)
exceed e4b threshold. (64 Bytes).
(5) When the UL&DL data volume in the UE &RNC buffer is less than e4b threshold (64Bytes) for a duration of 5 sec (Time-to-trigger),an Event-4b will be
triggered . For a duration of 5s (State Transition Timer), if the buffers are still below 64Bytes , the UE will be moved to Cell_FACH state.
(6) When the UL or DL data volume in the UE or RNC buffer is more than e4a threshold (1024Bytes) for a duration of 0sec (Time-to-trigger),an Event-4a will
be triggered then the UE will be moved back to Cell_DCH state immediately.
(7) When UE in Cell_FACH state, it randomly do Cell Update (based on P-CPICH EcIo).
(8) When the UE have no activity ( data volume UL&DL =0 ) for a duration of 20 s. (PS In-activity Timer), the RRC connection will be released , UE enter idle
mode.

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SRNS Relocation

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Page 28

SRNS Relocation Strategy


CS Domain
1) SHO over Iur = support
2) HHO over Iur =support
3) Cell update over Iur (IurCCH )= not support
4) SRNS relocation
Static relocation (UE not involved) =not support
(SRNSRABCNDOMAINTYPE=NRT)
Relocation due to hard handover (UE involved) =not support
(HHOTRIG=ON, HHO allowed over IuR)

MSC
IuCS
IuCS relocation = NotSupport

S-RNC (Serving-RNC)

Iur =Support

D-RNC (Drift-RNC)

PS Domain
SGSN

IuPS
IuPS relocation = Not Support
DSCR = Support
S-RNC (Serving-RNC)

Iur =Support

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

SHO over Iur = support (both HSPA & PS R99)


HHO over Iur =support
Cell update over Iur (IurCCH )= not support
HSDPA over Iur = support
HSUPA over Iur = support
SRNS relocation = not support
DSCR (Directed Signalling Connection re-establishment ) =
support

D-RNC (Drift-RNC)

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SRNS Relocation procedure


When the UE moves from the coverage area of one RNC to another, the UE context can be
relocated accordingly in two ways:
1) SRNS relocation (Serving Radio Network System Relocation)
2) DSCR (Directed Signaling Connection Re-establishment

Relationship between SRNS Relocation and DSCR.

SRNS relocation procedures can be


performed in different RRC state :
CELL_DCH state :
Based on Handover Control algorithm of
the serving RNC.
Cell_FACH, Cell_PCH or URA_PCH:
Based on cell reselections performed by
the UE and Cell/URA Update
procedures.

ADD NRNC: PsBeProcType=CORRM_SRNSR_PSBE_RELOC;


ADD NRNC: PsBeProcType=CORRM_SRNSR_PSBE_DSCR;

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SRNS procedure
Serving Radio Network System (SRNS) relocation is a process where the serving RNC (SRNC) of a UE
changes from one RNC to another RNC. The SRNC manages the connection between the UE and the UTRAN.
With the relocation of the SRNC, the management over the connection between the UE and the UTRAN
transfers from one RNC to another RNC
Based on relocation causes, SRNS relocation consists of the following types:
1. Static relocation (UE not involved) - required Iur interface
2. Relocation due to hard handover (UE involved) not require Iur interface
3. Relocation due to cell or URA update (UE not involved) require Iur interface
Static relocation

After a UE in CELL_DCH state adds or removes radio links during movement, if all the radio links are in the DRNC
instead of the SRNC, static relocation occurs. After SRNS relocation, Iur resources for the UE are released. The Target
RNC (TRNC) not only provides radio resources for the UE but also connects the UE to the CN

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SRNS procedure
SRNS Relocation due to Hard Handover
This type of relocation occurs when a UE
in CELL_DCH state is handed over from
one RNC to another RNC.
This is a process of relocating the UE
context from the SRNC to the DRNC

SRNS Relocation due to Cell or URA Update


This type of relocation occurs when a UE
in CELL_PCH, CELL_FACH, or
URA_PCH state performs a cell
reselection to another RNC.

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SRNS procedure SHO


The static relocation may occur
after handover over Iur
The relocation due to hard
handover may occur if handover
over Iur is not allowed
When the target cell under the target
RNC fulfils the criteria for intrafrequency soft handover, intra- or
inter-frequency hard handover, the
handover is triggered if Iur support the
handover type.

ADD NRNC: SHOTRIG=CS_SHO_SWITCH1&HSPA_SHO_SWITCH1&NON_HSPA_SHO_SWITCH-1,


PsBeProcType=CORRM_SRNSR_PSBE_DSCR;
ADD NRNC: HHOTRIG=ON,
PsBeProcType=CORRM_SRNSR_PSBE_DSCR;

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SRNS procedure
SRNS Relocation Static Relocation

SRNS Relocation due to Hard Handover

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SRNS procedure- due to Cell or URA Update


SRNS Relocation URA Update

SRNS Relocation Cell Update

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DSCR procedure
Directed Signalling Connection re-establishment (DSCR) is a process where the RNC requests the UE to reestablish RRC connections as well as services immediately after it automatically releases the current RRC
connection that carries the non-real-time RABs.
When the RNC sends the UE an RRC CONN REL message with a cause value of "Directed Signalling
Connection re-establishment", this process enables the UE to initiate an RRC re-establishment and
immediately perform a cell/URA update.

1)

DSCR Initiation due to Cell Update of Radio Link Failure


If the UE in CELL_DCH state detects that the downlink radio link fails to be established, the UE will perform cell
update with the cause of "radio link failure". The target cell of the update is the DRNC cell, but at this time
SuppIurCch of the DRNC is OFF, and therefore the DSCR procedure is initiated.

2)

DSCR Initiation due to Cell Update of Non-Iur Interface


The RNC receives the information about cell update of the UE and finds that the reported SRNC ID is not the
local RNC ID. In addition, there is no Iur interface available between this RNC and the SRNC, and therefore the
DSCR procedure is initiated in the DRNC.

3)

DSCR Initiation due to Cell Update of Non-HSPA-Supportive Iur Interface


If a HSPA service exists, the UE is handed over to the cell of the DRNC that supports HSPA. The DSCR is directly
performed in the cell of the DRNC to re-establish the HSPA service because Iur does not support HSPA.
If a HSPA service exists but Iur does not support HSPA, all types of handovers for HSPA and HSPA serving cell
change procedure are forbidden.

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DSCR procedure

"Directed Signaling Connection re-establishment"

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Recommendations
1) PSBEPROCTYPE should be set to CORRM_SRNSR_PSBE_DSCR for all RNCs
because the PS-CN doesnt support the SRNS relocation feature.
2) Iur-CCH should turn off , to maintain the PS drop KPIs (not count) ,the performance of InterRNC cell update will be unknown as no counters available.
3) Without Iur-CCH , the optimisation engineers need to be aware that the following issues may
appear at the borders cells.
- Ping-pong Location Update/ Routing Area Update, due to the RNC relocation (DSRC) triggered
immediately after cell update failure.
- Increment of PS drop due to the failure of Cell Update (cause RL failure, Cell_DCH state), this affect
both CS and PS service.

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3G<>2G Inter-Working

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3G<>2G Inter-working Strategy

GSM Network

UMTS Network

GSM Terminal + SIM

Working

No access

GSM Terminal + USIM

Working

No access

Dual-Mode Terminal + SIM

Working

No access (1*) Working

Dual-Mode Terminal + USIM

Working

Working

Notes:
(1*) Works, if Operator allows access with SIM

3G2G have the same PLMN ID.


Cell selection, system preference based on terminal setting
3G Video Telephony Fallback to Speech (AMR) for Inter-RAT HO feature is OFF

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3G<>2G Inter-working Strategy


Idle mode:
3G network as preferable network
2G<->3G bidirectional cell reselection

Connected mode:
CS & PS 3G->2G unidirectional handover

Handover Type

Handover Based on
Coverage

Handover Based
on Service

Handover Based
on Load

CS Voice Handover(3G -> 2G)

Open

Closed (1*)

Closed (1*)

PS R99 Handover(3G -> 2G)

Open

Closed (1*)

Closed (1*)

HSPA Handover(3G -> 2G)

Closed

Closed (1*)

Closed (1*)

Notes:
(1*) Features license are available

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Cell Reselection 3G -> 2G


UE starts GSM measurements if
CPICH Ec/No < qQualMin + sSearchRAT

CPICH EcNo

-4

-10
-16
-18

SintraSearch

Qqualmin= -18 dB
SsearchRat = 2 dB

First ranking of all the cells based on


CPICH RSCP (WCDMA) and RSSI (GSM)
Rs = CPICH RSCP + IdleQhyst1
Rn= Rxlev(n) - IdleQoffset1

SinterSearch

IdleQhyst1s = 4 dB
IdleQoffset1sn = 0 dB

SsearchRAT
qQualMin
No

Yes
Rn (GSM) > Rs (WCDMA)
And
Rxlev (GSM) >QrxlevMin

IdleQhyst2s = 2 dB
IdleQoffset2sn = 0 dB

Qrxlevmin= -115 dBm

Cell re-selection
to GSM

Second ranking only for WCDMA


cells based on CPICH Ec/No
Rs = CPICH Ec/No + Qhyst2
Rn=CPICH_Ec/No(n)-Qoffset2

Cell re-selection to
WCDMA cell of highest
R value

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Cell Reselection 2G -> 3G

Qsearch I =7
(Always)

GSM MS starts WCDMA measurements if :


RLA_C< F(Qsearch_I) for 0<Qsearch_I<7
or
RLA_C> F(Qsearch_I) for 7<Qsearch_I<15
or always measure WCDMA for Qsearch I =7
or never measure WCDMA for QsearchI=15

Measurement Updates:
RLA_C value of the serving cell
+ least 6 strongest non serving GSM cells

FDD Q Offset= 0:
-infinity(always select
a cell if acceptable),
not consider CPICH
RSCP

If, for suitable UMTS cell


& for a period of 5 s:
CPICH RSCP > RLA_C + FDD_Qoffset
And

FDD Qmin = -10/-12 dB

CPICH Ec/No FDD_Qmin

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WCDMA cell
reselection

Inter-RAT Coverage Based HO (3G to 2G)


HO
HOTriggering
TriggeringThresholds
Thresholdsset
setininRNC
RNC

Event
EventTriggered
TriggeredCoverage
Coveragebased
based
HO
HOfulfilled
fulfilledEvent
Event2D
2Dthreshold
thresholdininRNC
RNC
RNC
RNCcommands
commandsselected
selectedUE(s)
UE(s)to
tostart
start
IRAT
IRATmeasurements
measurements

InterRATReportMode = PERIODICAL_REPORTING
InterRATCSThd2DEcN0 = -14 dB
InterRATR99PsThd2DEcN0 = -15 dB
InterRATHPsThd2DEcN0 = -15 dB
Or
InterRATCSThd2DRSCP = -104 dBm
InterRATR99PsThd2DRSCP = -110 dBm
InterRATHPsThd2DRSCP = -110 dBm
TRIGTIME2D = 640ms

Measurements
Measurementsare
aredone
doneinin
Compressed
CompressedMode
Mode(CM)
(CM)
UE
UEreports
reportsGSM
GSMcells
cellswith
with
strongest
RSSI
signals
strongest RSSI signalsto
toRNC
RNC
RSSI
RSSImeasurements
measurementsand
andBSIC
BSIC
verification
for
GSM
cells
verification for GSM cells
RNC
RNCmakes
makesHO
HOdecision
decisionand
and
commands
commandsUE
UEto
totarget
targetcell
cell

TargetRatCsThd = -95 dBm


TargetRatR99PsThd = -85 dBm
TargetRatHThd = -85 dBm

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Document Revision Record


Date

Revise Record

9th July 2013

Initial version

26th Aug 2013

P.17 & P18 changed after revised with the correct W900<->W2100
blindho settings (HW-FooYW, Maxis- Ang SY, Maxis-Guna)

28th Aug 2013

Updated the bi-directional reselection relation between W900<>W2100

Remark

Remark:
1) All the parameters and MML commands in this document are based on RAN14
2) Parameters may need to fine tune according to real network environment during optimization

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Thank You!
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Page 46