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Interrogating IP

S13

Soc Classification level


1
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN2812CEN13GLN0

Module Objectives
After completing the module, the student will be able to:
Describe IP Protocol Basics: address, netmask, private
network, routing.
Describe the use of IP in BSC (physical interfaces and logical
interfaces)
Interrogate the IP setting for O&M and for Gb over IP

ZQRI
ZQRS
ZQRX (ok and fail)
ZQKB
ZFXL
ZFXI
ZIAI (for FTP)

Soc Classification level


2
Nokia Siemens Networks

ISO OSI model


Physical layer : Access to physical
medium. E.g. PCM or UTP cable.
Data link layer: Error free exchange
switching Performed at this layer
based on MAC address. E.g.
Ethernet 802.3
Network Layer: routing performed
using routing protocols like ospf or
static routes. Routing done for IP
protocol packets that is used to
address subnetworks and hosts. IP is
a Network Layer
Transport Layer: distinguishing
between different types of exchange
between hosts ( telnet, ftp http) TCP,
UDP, SCTP are Transport Layers
Soc Classification level
3
Nokia Siemens Networks

IP address and subnetmask


IPV4 : IP address is build of 4 parts divided by . everyone of them is 1 byte.
The decimal system is used to designate the address

Subne
twork
addres
sNet
mas
k

192.168.5
0.5/24
11000000.10100010.001
1010.00000101
11111111.11111111.111
1111.00000000
255.255
.255.0

Hos
t
Add
ress

IP Address is divided into two parts: subnetwork and host address.


This division can be in any part of the address depending of the user needs.
/24 in the address means that the subnet is made of 24 bits, while the host
part is 8 bits
Soc Classification level
4
Nokia Siemens Networks

IP Address types
Private Addresses (for internal use, they cannot be used in the Internet)
10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
Local address is :
127.0.0.1
It is the local IP address of the computer itself - this address cannot be
assigned in the network
Multicast addresses (for a group of hosts such as for media streaming):
224.0.0.0 to 247.255.255.255
Broadcast address (to reach every host in the subnet):
255.255.255.255
Reserved addresses:
248.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.254
All other addresses are public and can be used and routed in the Internet.
They are assigned by regulators.
Soc Classification level
5
Nokia Siemens Networks

Routing
Routers are network devices that connect subnets on its different interfaces.
Routing is done using a routing protocol like OSPF, RIP or by configuring a
static route (default gateway)
For host1 the default gateway is the interface of the router with IP address
172.16.25.1
172.16.2
Subnet 1

5.4

Host1

Subnet 2

172.16.2
5.1
192.168.5
0.5

Subnet 3

192.168.5
0.6

Host2

Host3

10.66.82.
1

Host4
10.66.82.
31

Routers are exchanging information about the subnetworks connected to


each one of them.
Soc Classification level
6
Nokia Siemens Networks

Transport
Host1
Host2
Once the route from source to destination is granted by the routers, software in
each
host can create virtual connections to enable different kind of information
exchange.
Virtual connections are identified by Transport Protocol and Port Number
TCP (Transport Control Protocol) .Enable reliable information exchange
(retransmission)
UDP (Unit Data Protocol). Enable real time exchange (no delay)
SCTP (Signaling Connection Transport Protocol). Enable reliable exchange of SS7
signaling
on IP link.
Port number under 1024 are already assigned for different protocol going upper
TCP and
UDP.
Soc Classification level
7
Nokia Siemens Networks

IP interfaces in BSC

2 Switching unit present in the BSC.


Three ethernet switches ESB are included
in every switching unit:
One ESB for connecting the CPU-s of the
functional units to different interfaces
like CBC,BBI and other interfaces.
two ESB for connecting the PCU
to the SGSN (GB over IP) and the DNS.

Soc Classification level


8
Nokia Siemens Networks

BSC IP interface types


BSC units can manage different types of IP interfaces
LOOPBACK:
Interface loopback is used for sending messages from the unit to itself to
test it. This kind of interface is used in troubleshooting.
Physical Address:
Given to the OMU this address is assigned to the unit permanently.
OMU has no redundancy.
Logical Address:
Given to redundant units, this address follow the active unit. When unit state
is changed to spare the address will to the working unit.

Soc Classification level


9
Nokia Siemens Networks

Soc Classification level


10
Nokia Siemens Networks

B
B

S
S

O
M

B
B

S
S

B
B

S
S

C
E

Every unit is connected to


BCS
two switching units for
U
redundancy.
OMU has two physical
addresses EL0 and EL1.
MCMU and BCSU everyone
P
has two logical addresses
C
EL0 and EL1.
U
PCU has Two addresses
IFETH0 and IFETH1.

Address Allocation in BSC

M
U

GB over IP structure

PCU is connected to
the PAPU in SGSN.

SGSN

BSC

PAPU

BCSU

NSEI

router

IP addresses of PAPU UDP port


30001
And PCU can be in
different subnetwork.
Default
router is used to
gateway=
IP
Router IP
enable the exchange 192.168.4.5
Adresse
of in information between PCU and PAPU.

PCU
NSEI

UDP port

IP 172.16.3.7

Port numbers should be higher then 1024. Lower ports are already
assigned.
Soc Classification level
11
Nokia Siemens Networks

50001

GB over IP interrogation
In S11.5 Gb over IP interrogation is performed with the same command as frame
relay (ZFWO)
In S13 there are three separate commands, one for frame relay and two for IP
ZFXI:
Shows the structure of PSEIs, NSEIs, NSVLIs configured in the BSC
Given one NSEI, shows details of the NSVLI such as the PAPU address and
ports used
PSEI (Packet Service Entity Id) is the identification of the GPRS core network
NSEI (Network SEI)is the address or the identifier of the PCU
NSVLI (Network Service Virtual Link Id) is the identifier of a virtual connection.
ZFXL:
Shows the available PSEIs
Given one PSEI shows PCUs, BTSs and DAPs using this PSE.

Soc Classification level


12
Nokia Siemens Networks

ZQRI Output

< ZQRI;

LOADING PROGRAM VERSION 12.12-0


BSC3i

BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:46:07

INTERROGATING NETWORK INTERFACE DATA

Netmask length
ADDR
ADM
UNIT
NAME
IP ADDRESS
TYPE NML ASSIGNED STATE
------------------ -------- --------------- ---- --- -------- ----OMU
EL0
10.2.99.82
L
24 YES
UP
EL1
10.2.99.82
L
24 NO
UP
MCMU-0
EL0
10.1.1.1
L I
24 YES
UP
EL1
10.1.1.1
L I
24 NO
UP
EMB0
10.1.2.1
L I
27 YES
UP
EMB1
10.1.3.1
L I
27 YES
UP
MCMU-1
EL0
10.1.1.1
L I
24 NO
UP
EL1
10.1.1.1
L I
24 NO
UP
EMB0
10.1.2.1
L I
27 NO
UP
EMB1
10.1.3.1
L I
27 NO
UP
BCSU-0
-PCU2D- 3 IFETH0
10.2.77.40
L
24 YES
UP
-PCU2D- 3 IFETH1
UP
BCSU-1
EL0
10.6.6.6
L
24 YES
UP
-PCU2D- 3 IFETH0
10.2.77.41
L
24 YES
UP
COMMAND EXECUTED

Soc Classification level


13
Nokia Siemens Networks

MTU

PRIORISED
----- ----1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO
1500 NO

ZQRS Output
QRS:OMU:;
BSC3i

BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

13:00:39

UNIT: OMU
Active Internet connections (including servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address
Foreign Address
tcp
0
2 10.2.99.82.telnet
172.21.222.11.3891
tcp
0
0 *.www
*.*
tcp
0
0 *.11111
*.*
tcp
0
0 *.ftp
*.*
tcp
0
0 *.telnet
*.*
udp
0
0 127.0.0.1.524
*.*
Active Internet6 connections (including servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address
Foreign Address
tcp6
0
0 *.80
*.*
tcp6
0
0 *.11111
*.*
tcp6
0
0 *.21
*.*
tcp6
0
0 *.23
*.*
COMMAND EXECUTED
Soc Classification level
14
Nokia Siemens Networks

State
ESTABLISHED
LISTEN
LISTEN
LISTEN
LISTEN

State
LISTEN
LISTEN
LISTEN
LISTEN

ZQRX Output
QRX:OMU::IP=10.2.77.220:PING:;
BSC3i
BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:48:35

PING, SENDING UNIT: OMU


PING 10.2.77.220 (10.2.77.220): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 10.2.77.220: icmp_seq=0 ttl=254 time=9.282 ms
----10.2.77.220 PING Statistics---1 packets transmitted, 1 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 9.282/9.282/9.282 ms
COMMAND EXECUTED
< QRX:OMU::IP=10.2.77.220:TRACE;
LOADING PROGRAM VERSION 12.12-0
BSC3i

BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:49:39

TRACEROUTE, SENDING UNIT: OMU


traceroute to 10.2.77.220 (10.2.77.220), 15 hops max, 38 byte packets
1
2

10.2.99.2 1.056 ms
10.2.77.220 0.781 ms

COMMAND EXECUTED

Hosts that through them


message
reach the destination

Soc Classification level


15
Nokia Siemens Networks

ZQKB Output

QKB:;
BSC3i

BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:51:24

INTERROGATED STATIC ROUTES


ROUTE
UNIT
DESTINATION
GATEWAY ADDRESS
TYPE
------------------- ------------------ ------------------ ----BCSU-1
-PCU2D-3
DEFAULT ROUTE
10.2.77.2
LOG
OMU
DEFAULT ROUTE
10.2.99.2
LOG
COMMAND EXECUTED

Soc Classification level


16
Nokia Siemens Networks

NBR
---2
1

ZFXL Output
FXL:;
BSC3i
BSC31-LAB
PACKET SERVICE ENTITY DATA
PSE-00
COMMAND EXECUTED
< FXL:PSEI=0;
LOADING PROGRAM VERSION 1.13-0
BSC3i
BSC31-LAB
PACKET SERVICE ENTITY DATA

2007-01-24

17:30:18

2007-01-25

12:53:56

PSE-00
======
ATTACHED NSE(S) TO PSE:
NSEI
--------------------------------------------------------------------01755
ATTACHED PCU(S) TO PSE:
PCU BCSU
PCU
ID
INDEX INDEX
--- ----- ----00
00
03
COMMAND EXECUTED

Soc Classification level


17
Nokia Siemens Networks

ZFXI Output
< FXI:NSVLI=5500;
LOADING PROGRAM VERSION 1.13-0
BSC3i
BSC31-LAB
2007-01-25
NETWORK SERVICE VIRTUAL LINK PARAMETERS:

12:56:54

EQOS ENABLED
PSE-00 NSE-01755
================
LOCAL UDP PORT: 33000
NSE PFC MODE:
ON
STATIC CONFIGURED NS-VL(S):
OP
ID
NAME
STATE RDW RSW
----- ---------- ----- --- --05500 GBIP
WO-EX 010 005
ID
REMOTE HOST NAME
----- ---------------COMMAND EXECUTED

Soc Classification level


18
Nokia Siemens Networks

REMOTE
IP ADDRESS
--------------10.2.77.220

REMOTE
UDP PORT
-------50000

ZIAI Output
IAI:USERID=ALL;
EXECUTION STARTED
BSC3i
BSC31-LAB

2007-01-25

12:58:40

USER ID: SYSTEM


PROFILE NAME: PROFILE
COMMAND CLASS AUTHORITIES:
A=250 B=250 C=250 D=250 E=250
K=250 L=250 M=250 N=250 O=250
U=250 V=250 W=250 X=250 Y=250

F=250 G=250 H=250 I=250 J=250


P=250 Q=250 R=250 S=250 T=250

PARALLEL PASSWORD EXISTENCE: YES


PASSWORD VALIDITY TIME LEFT: PASSWORD NEVER EXPIRES
MML COMMAND LOG ACCESSIBILITY: LIMITED
UNIQUE PROFILE: NO
MML SESSION IDLE TIME LIMIT: 15 MIN(S)
FTP ACCESSIBILITY: WRITE
NETWORK USE ALLOWED: NO

FTP setting for this profile


COMMAND EXECUTED

Soc Classification level


19
Nokia Siemens Networks

QUESTIONS?

Soc Classification level


20
Nokia Siemens Networks