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Teknik Industri
Tim Ketua Laboratorium Teknik Industri

Definisi Teknik industri


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Industrial engineer is synonymous with systems integrator

( a big picture thinker, in other words).


Its an employee who takes what exists today and conceptualizes what
exist in the future.
IEs spend most of their time out in the real operating environment,
coming up with scientific approaches to problems rather than seatof-the pants, temporary solutions

(The Institute of Industrial Engineers, 2001)


Sumber : Kompetensi Insinyur TI/Sritomo W.Soebroto

Definisi Teknik Industri


Disiplin ilmu yang mempelajari tentang desain
(perancangan), pengembangan (improvement)
dan instalasi dari sistim terintegrasi yang
meliputi manusia, peralatan/fasilitas produksi,
material, energi dan informasi. Keilmuan Teknik
Industri membutuhkan pengetahuan dan
ketrampilan dalam bidang matematika, fisika
dan Ilmu Sosial yang dipadukan dengan prinsip
dan metode dalam analisa
teknis dan
perancangan sehingga dapat mendefinisikan,
memprediksi,
dan
mengevaluasi
serta
memperbaiki suatu sistem.

Definisi Teknik Industri

System
Specify - Predict - Evaluate
People

Engineering Analysis & Design


(Mathematical - Physical - Social)

Materials

Information

Energy

Machines &
Equipment

Design - Improvement - Installation

10/9/15

Kompetensi Insinyur TI/Sritomo


W.Soebroto

10/9/15

Kompetensi Insinyur TI/Sritomo


W.Soebroto

Sistem Input-Output Proses Produksi


Proses Produksi
Black Box

Inputs

Finished
Goods
Output

- Formulasi Problem yang Menjadi


Tanggung-Jawab Profesi
Teknik Industri
- Proses Transformasi (Fisik &
Non-Fisik)
- Proses Nilai Tambah (Fungsi &
Ekonomis)
- Aktivitas Produktif >< Non-Produktif

Waste
7

Diagram Sistem Input-Output Proses Produksi


Value Added
(Functional & Economical)

. Material
. Human
. Machines/
Equipment
. Information
. Energy

Finished
Goods
Products

Proses Produksi
* Factory
* Hospital
* Bank/Insurance
* Transportation/Distribution
* Dan Lain-Lain

Services

Transformation Process
(Fisik & Non-Fisik)

Waste,
Defects, etc
8

Diagram Sistem Industri

Environment
Standard
Performance
* Quality
* Costs
* Time
Delivery

Proses Manajemen

. Material
. Human
. Machines/
Equipment
. Information
. Energy

Proses
Produksi

Finished Goods
Products

Services
Waste,
Defects, etc
9

PERAN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERS


Engineering role : (1) Design (production
system,
service system, methods/work,
facilities, product,
etc); (2) Operation
(productivity, quality, reliability,
maintenance, etc).
Business Role (Development) : system, culture,
organization, entrepreneurial, R & D, etc.
Financial Role : financial structuring.
Strategic Role : product development/diversification,
marketing strategy, alliance/partnership/collaboration,
human development, etc.
10

Ruang Lingkup Profesi


Teknik Industri
Human Activity System Design
Berkaitan dengan area kerja fisik dimana kegiatan
produksi (interaksi sistem manusia-mesin) dilaksa
nakan. Perancangan fasilitas produksi (layout),
manufacturing processes, methods engineering,
ergonomics, etc.
Management Control System Design
Berkaitan dengan prosedur perencanaan, pengu
kuran dan pengendalian produksi, cost analysis &
control, management information system, etc.
11

Phase-Phase Perkembangan
Aktivitas Produksi di Industri
Phase-Phase
Perkembangan

Macam &
Volume Produk

Area Lokasi
Pemasaran

Sifat Perubahan
Terjadi

Periode

Job Order

Customized,
kecil, terbatas

Lokal

Tersendat,
trial & error

Sebelum
revolusi
industri

Mass
Production

Standard, seri,
batch, massal

Regional

Mass
Marketing

Diversifikasi,
banyak model

Nasional

Cepat

1930 - 1950

Global/
Internasional

Turbulent

1950 - Skg

Mass
Sangat terdiver
Customization sifikasi & masal

Revolusi
Lambat,
Scientific Method Industri - 1930

12

Kronologis Perkembangan
Disiplin Teknik Industri
Phase
Perkembangan

Problematik, Kasus, Konsep, atau


Pengembangan Teori

Revolusi Industri
(1750-1900-an)

Mekanisasi Proses-2 Produksi, Interchange-ability


Parts, Standardisasi Produk (awal Mass Production)

Scientific
Management
(1890 - 1930-an)

Time & Motion Studies, Organization (Functional)


Design, Production Planning & Scheduling, Inventory
Model (EOQ), Statistical QC, Line Balancing, etc.

Industrial Engineering
(1930-1950-an)

Tool Design, Engineering Economy, Human Engineering


(Ergonomics), Facilities Location & Layout, Queuing
Theory, Analyzing Productivity, Management Controls, etc

Operations
Research
(1945-1970-an)

Digital Computer, Mathematical Programming, Reliability


Analysis, Decision/Optimization Theory, System
Engineering, Automation, Mgmt Information System, etc.

Industrial &
System Engineering

Control Theory, Large-Scale System, Total System


Design, Social System, Cybernetics, Behavioral Theory
13

Skala
Pandang

MIKRO

MIKRO
&
MAKRO

The Role of the Industrial Engineers


in Integrating New Technologies
(1960 - 1980)
100%
Perbaikan Metode Perbaikan Metoda &
Penyederhanaan Kerja
dan
Penyederhanaan
Rekayasa
Kerja
Proyek

50%

0%

Rekayasa
Proyek

Analisa Finansial

Rancangan Fasilitas

Perenc.Sistem Non-Mfg

Standard-2
Tenaga Kerja
Tak Langsung

Rekayasa
Proyek

Tata Letak Pabrik Tata Letak Pabrik


(Layout)
Std TK Tak Langsung
Standard-2
Tenaga Kerja
Langsung

Standard-2
Tenaga Kerja
Langsung

(Waktu, Output,
Upah, dll)

1960

1965

Desain SIM
Persediaan

Manajemen Persediaan

Std TK Tak Langsung

Standard-2
Tenaga Kerja
Langsung
1970

Standard-2
TK Langsung
1975

Sumber : Pritsker, AB. Defining the Role of the Industrial Engineer in Integrating New
Technologies. Journal of Industrial Engineering, December 1985.
14

1980

The Role of the Industrial Engineers


in Integrating New Technologies
(1980 - 2000)
100%

Strategic Planning

Strategic Planning

Management
Control

Management
Control

Strategic
Planning

Strategic
Planning

Management
Control

Management
Control

50%
Operationa
l
Control
0%

1980

Operational
Control

1985

Operational
Control
1990

Operational
Control
1995

Sumber : Pritsker, AB. Defining the Role of the Industrial Engineer in Integrating New
Technologies. Journal of Industrial Engineering, December 1985.
15

2000

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