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Writing I

7th Class : 13th of October 2013


Frida Ferdani Putri
fridaferdaniputri@gmail.com

Universitas Terbuka
Korea Selatan

CLASS 7
Modul 8
Grammar
Writing differences between two things.
Writing questions for survey.
Develop story from picture.

Objective
Kompetensi Umum
Mahasiswa diharapkan mampu membandingkan derajat
perbedaan (degree of comparison) dalam Bahasa Inggris
Kompetensi Khusus
Mahasiswa diharapkan mampu menulis perbedaan antara dua
hal, menulis pertanyaan untuk survey kepuasan dengan
jawaban yang menyatakan degree of comparison atau adverb
of frequency, dan dapat mengembangkan cerita dari gambar.

Degrees of Comparison
1.

Positive (sama atau sebanding)


as [adj/adv] as

Jonny is attractive. Sam is attractive.


Jonny is as attractive as Sam (is).

Brian screams loudly. Reese screams loudly.


Brian screams as loudly as Reese does.

2.

Comparative (lebih )
[adj/adv] + -er + than OR more + [adj/adv] + than
John is taller than Tom.
Kate drives the car more carefully than Amanda does.

Superlative (paling )
the [adj/adv] + -est . in/of
She is the most famous artist in her country.

Degrees of Comparison
Positive
satu suku kata
Contoh: bright

Comparative

Superlative

+ er

+ est

Contoh: brighter

Contoh: brigthest

dua suku kata dan


berakhiran -er, y, ow, -le
Contoh: heavy, narrow,
simple

+ er

+ est

Contoh: heavier,
narrower, simpler

Contoh: the heaviest,


the narrowest, the
simplest

dua suku kata lainnya


Contoh: patient

More + adjective

The most + adjective

Misal: more patient

Misal: most patient

More + adjective

The most + adjective

berakhiran -ous, -ed,


-re, -ing, -ful,
Misal: Beatiful

Misal: More beatiful Misal: the most


beautiful

Irregular Adjectives
Adjective

Comparative Superlative

Example

good

better

the best

well (healthy)

better

the best

bad

worse

the worst

Tara is the best athlete in the


school.
He is still in hospital, but he is
better than he was last week.
You are the worst driver I have ever
known.

far

further

the furthest

My house is the furthest one.

far
old (people in a
family)

farther

the farthest

My house is the farther one.

elder

the eldest

Ram is my elder brother.

the oldest

Your teacher is older than my


teacher.

old (general use) older

Kata-kata yang bisa menggunakan -er ataupun more:


quiet, clever, narrow, shallow, dan simple

Degrees of Comparison
A bit/much + comparative
A bit: Dipakai dalam membandingkan perbedaan dua hal yang sangat
tipis/sedikit.
Adam is a bit taller than Danny.

Much: Dipakai dalam membandingkan perbedaan dua hal yang besar.


His girlfriend is much younger than him.

Get + comparative
The kids get taller.
I got fatter after coming to Korea.

Present Perfect Tense


Dipakai untuk mengungkapkan suatu kejadian yang telah lewat.
Untuk menyatakan sudah, belum, pernah, belum pernah.
Keterangan waktu: recently dan lately.

now

past

future

Present Perfect Tense


Positive Sentence:
S + have/has + past participle (V3)
They have returned my book
S + have/has + been + adv/adj/noun
He has been sick
Negative Sentence:
S + have/has + not + past participle (V3)
I have not submitted my paper
S + have/has + not + been + adv/adj/noun
I have not been to Jerussalem
Interrogative Sentence:
Have/Has + S + Past participle (V3)?
Have you signed the form?
Have/Has + S + been + adv/adj/noun?
Have you been away for a long time?

Present Perfect Tense


Untuk menekankan sudah gunakan already setelah

kata have/has
I have been to Bali

Untuk kalimat negative gunakan kata yet di akhir

kalimat
She has not come yet.

Kata ever hanya untuk kalimat interogatif.


Have you ever eaten octopus?
Untuk menekankan baru saja gunakan just setelah

kata have/has
I have just called you.
10

Adverb of frequencies
Menerangkan berapa sering sebuah peristiwa terjadi

atau pelaku melakukan suatu kegiatan.

Never
I never smoke
1 Hardly ever
2 Not very often
3 Occasionally
4 Sometimes
Sometimes I play basketball.
5 Quite often
6 Often
7 Usually/normally
I usually get up early.
8 Very often
9 Almost always
10 Always
0

For dan Since


For

Menyatakan kurun waktu tertentu. Misal: for one minute, for one day,
for one week, dst.
I have had this car for 10 years.

Since

Menyatakan waktu satu waktu pada masa yang sudah lewat. Misal:
since yesterday, since 1990, dst
I have had this car since 2003.
now

For (for 1 year)

past

Since (since last year)


2012

future

Clauses Without Wh
Wh clause that, who, whose, whom, which, where,

when

I saw a young girl.


She was very beautiful.
S: I
V: saw
O: a young girl
The young girl whom I saw was very beautiful.
The young girl I saw was very beautiful.

Clauses Without Wh
The old lady is carrying a luggage.
It is very big.
S: The old lady
V: is carrying
O: a big luggage
The luggage that the old lady is carrying is very big.
The luggage the old lady is carrying is very big.