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GUIDED BY:

MR. GAURAV PANDEY


EE DEPT.

EE-74
SRMGPC

POWER UPGRADING OF TRANSMISSION


LINE BY COMBINING AC-DC TRANSMISSION

PRESENTED BY:
GROUP NO. 21
AMIT
TRIPATHI
MOHD.
MUJAHID
VINEET

OVERVIEW
OBJECTIVE
INTRODUCTION
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
MATLAB SIMULINK MODELS
SIMULATION GRAPHS
ANALYSIS
ADVANTAGES
CONCLUSION
PROJECT REVIEW
BIBLIOGRAPHY

OBJECTIVE

Power transfer enhancement , without any alteration in


the existing Extra High Voltage AC line.

To utilize the advantage of parallel acdc transmission


by loading the line close to its upper thermal limit.

INTRODUCTION
Long extra high voltage (EHV) ac lines cannot be loaded to
their thermal limits in order to keep sufficient margin against
transient instability.
In simultaneous ac-dc power transmission system, the
conductors are allowed to carry dc current superimposed on
ac current.
The added power flow does not cause of any transient
instability.
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BASIC SCHEME FOR COMPOSITE AC-DC


TRANSMISSION

SIMULATION OF EHV-AC TRANSMISSION

SIMULATION OF EHVAC-DC TRANSMISSION

DESIGN
115kV, 50Hz, 450 km D/C AC transmission line
The total power transfer through the circuit line
sin /X
AC current per phase per circuit of the line.
= V (sin /2)/X.
Transfer reactance per phase, X = 74.4435 ohm/ph.
Total power = + .
Power transfer through AC-DC combined line
sin /X+ 2 .

SIMULATION OF RECTIFIER

SIMULATION OF INVERTER

AC FILTER

Reactive
power ,
= (/ )/(( 1)
Tuned harmonic order,
n= / .
Quality factor,
Q = n /R = /(n R)
Where, fn tuning frequency
f1- fundamental frequency
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SIMULATION GRAPHS
AC ALONE:
AC VOLTAGE: SENDING END, RECEIVING END
AC CURRENT: SENDING END, RECEIVING END
SENDING END POWER: ACTIVE, REACTIVE
RECEIVING END POWER: ACTIVE, REACTIVE
AC-DC COMBINED:
VOLTAGE: SENDING END, RECEIVING END
CURRENT: SENDING END, RECEIVING END
DC CURRENT: RECTIFIER, INVERTER
SENDING END POWER: ACTIVE, REACTIVE
RECEIVING END POWER: ACTIVE, REACTIVE

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ADVANTAGES
Conductors can be loaded close to their thermal limit.
The power flow does not impose any stability problem.
No alterations of conductors, insulator strings or towers
of the original line are needed.
Helps to improve stability and damping out of
oscillations.
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CONCLUSION
The merits to convert existing double circuit ac transmission line to
composite ac-dc transmission line for substantial power upgrading
have been demonstrated.
Studied that there is substantial increase in the load ability of the line.
The load ability further increases with increase in the length of line.
The line is loaded near to its thermal limit with the superimposed dc
current.
The capacity of the transmission line is increased by 85.06 % .
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THANK YOU

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