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EFFECT OF SOME TREATMENTS ON THE SURFACE PROPERTIES OF

RICE HUSK TO BE USED AS A REINFORCEMENT OF CEMENT BASED


MATERIALS
Authors
Csar Augusto Cocuy Campo, Silvio Delvasto Arjona, Ph.D
Holmer Savastano Jr. Ph.D
Universidad del Valle
2015

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION
MATERIALS AND METHODS
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES
2

Asbesto
Fibers

INTRODUCTION

Tiles

Boards

Natural Fibers

MATERIALS AND METHODS


RICE HUSK

Cleaning: manually
Cleaning: compresed air
Mechanical refinement

Thermochemical treatments
Pyrolysis
MATERIALS
ACETIC ACID
SODIUM BICARBONATE
CONDITIONS
200 C
2 HOURS

Alkalinization

Silanization

MATERIALS:
MATERIALS
SODIUM HYDROXIDE TRIS(2-METHOXYETHOXY)(VINYL)SILAN
3-AMINOPROPYL)TRIETHOXYSILANE
CONDITIONS
IMMERSION FOR 2H ETHANOL
CONDITIONS:
WASHING
IMMERSION FOR 2H
DRYING FOR 24H AT 60C
DRYING FOR 24H AT 60C
COMPOSITES
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RESULTS AND DISCUSSION


CHARACTERIZATION OF RICE HUSK

(1)cross-sectional view
(2) exocarp
(3)Overview
(4) (5) (7) intermediate
zone
(6) endocarp

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for rice

SURFACE TREATMENTS : PYROLYSIS

The exocarp of the rice husk


after pyrolysis treatment is
observed in the figure.
appreciate

an

increase

It is
in

surface roughness compared


to the surface exhibited by
the virgin fiber

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SURFACE TREATMENTS : ALKALINIZATION


For the alkalized rice husk fiber, the internal
surface as well as the outer area shows that
fats, waxes and impurities present in the
virgin rice husk.
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SURFACE TREATMENTS : SILANIZATION

The rice husk fiber treated with Tris(2-methoxyethoxy)(vinyl)silane


showed a marked change in both the surface of the endocarp and the
exocarp revealing cellulosic chains.

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SURFACE TREATMENTS : SILANIZATION


The

rice

husk

fiber

treated

with

(3-

Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane shows the deposition


of a silane layer, which is similar to the effect
obtained with the vinyl silane treatment

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TRANSITION ZONE OF THE COMPOSITE: RICE


HUSK
The analysis of the transition
zone of the rice husk fiber
reinforced composite material
without any kind of treatment
shows a sparse transition zone
with high porosity

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TRANSITION ZONE OF THE COMPOSITE:


PYROLYSIS
It is appreciated on the fiber low porosity structures that are
morphologically similar to Ettringuite and Portlandite crystals, noting
also products hydration on the surface of the fiber.

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TRANSITION ZONE OF THE COMPOSITE:


ALKALIZATION
For the rice husk fiber-reinforced composite an alkalized interfacial
region was observed.

It was found that the cleaning of organic

compounds (cellulose and hemicellulose), waxes and fats of the surface


helps to generate better interface properties.

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TRANSITION ZONE OF THE COMPOSITE:


SILANIZATION
For the composite reinforced with rice husk silanized was observed a
similar morphology in the transition zone. It was found that the portion
of the fibers surrounding the matrix presents a greater degree of
densification, which can indicate the good adhesion.
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4. CONCLUSIONS
The treatments performed on the fibers affect the mechanical
properties, morphology and surface of the rice husk.
The mechanical treatment of the fibers gave a better aspect ratio
and uniformity.
For fiber-reinforced composite materials with different treatments
were observed densified interfaces.

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5. REFERENCES
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