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1000 ASR Solutions

Overview

LIM Teck Siong


19 April 2008

Presentation_ID

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Agenda
ASR 1000 Series Product Overview
ASR 1000 Innovation
ASR Enterprise Solution Application

Presentation_ID

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Aggregation Services Router (ASR)


Series
1000
Overview
Next-generation
of Midrange
router family
2RU/4RU/6RU chassis
5 / 10 / 20 / 40 Gbps forwarding
Supporting same feature set at different price
performance points

ASR 1000 Differentiators


Highly available carrier-class design
Integrated services (SBC, FPM, Security..)
State of the art QoS
Unmatched midrange scalability & performance
Feature velocity

Feature richness provides deployment flexibility


Support for Service Provider & Enterprise features
BNG (BRAS, LAC, LNS)
IPSec Termination
Distributed PE / MSE
High-speed CPE

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2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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ASR 1000 Series Product Family

6 RU

4 RU
2 RU

SPA Slots
# of ESP Slots
# of RP Slots
# of SIP Slots
IOS Redundancy
Built in GigE
Height
Bandwidth
Performance
Air Flow
Power Supply (Watts)

3-slot

8-slot

12-slot

1
Integrated (RP1)
Integrated (SIP10)
S/W
4
3.5 (2RU)
5-10 Gbps
4-8 Mpps
Front to Back
470

1
1
2
S/W
n/a
7 (4RU)
10-40+ Gbps
8-16+ Mpps
Front to Back
765

2
2
3
H/W
n/a
10.5 (6RU)
10-40+ Gbps
8-16+ Mpps
Front to Back
1275

Aggregated Services & Scale


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2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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ASR 1000 Product Positioning


>300G

ASR 1000 Series


5-40Gbps+
(Depends on ESP/SIP not Chassis Type)

7600,
GSR,CRS

20G

System Bandwidth

18G

ASR1004 w/
ASR1000-ESP20*

10G
ASR1002 w/
ASR1000-ESP10
ASR1006 w/ dual
ASR1000-ESP10
ASR1000-RP1

ASR1002 w/
ASR1000-ESP5
5G

< 3G

7200
3845

7304NSE
*ASR1000-ESP20 is Post-FCS

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List Price

Price includes Chassis, engine

Chassis Options: ASR1006


SPAs

SIP10

ESP10

RP1
(in
slots
r0 &
r1)
Presentation_ID

Rack Mounts and Cable Mgt not shown


2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Numbering Convention

SIP 2
SIP 1
SIP 0
F1
F0
R1
R0

PWR 1
USB 0

USB 1
PWR 0

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Chassis Options: ASR1004


SPAs

SIP10
ESP10
RP1
(in
slot
r0)

Rack Mounts and Cable Mgt not shown


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Chassis Options: ASR1002


ESP5 (ASR1002 accepts ESP10 too)
4xGigE (SFP Slots, SPAv2)

SPA Slots

Integrated RP1 & SIP10

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Route Processor: ASR1000-RP1


HDD/SSD
Enclosure

Features:
First Generation ASR Route Processor (RP)
1.5Ghz PowerPC Processing Complex
2GB or 4GB Main Memory (Configurable/FRU)
eUSB On-Board 1GB Bulk Storage Device (FRU)
HDD/SSD Bulk Storage (Configurable/FRU)
EOBC Switch For Inter-Card Command & Control
Stratum-3 Reference Clock & Clock Distribution
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Interfaces
Recessed ACO button
2x USB ports
RJ-45 BITS port
RJ45 10/100/1000 BASE-T
Mngt port
RJ45 Console port
RJ-45 Auxiliary port
No Compact Flash 10

RP1 Faceplate & LED Indications

LED

COLOR

Meaning

LED

COLOR

Meaning

PWR

Green

All power rails are within spec

HD

Flashing

HDD

Green

Activity Indicator. Off No


Activity

USB

Flashing
Green

Activity Indicator. Off No


Activity

BF

Flashing
Green

Activity Indicator. Off No


Activity

Mgmt Eth.

Flashing
Green

Activity Indicator. Off No


Activity

Carrier

Green

In Frame / Working.

power

STAT

Green

IOS Booted

Status

Yellow

Rommon Loaded

Red

System Failure

Green

Active RP

ACTV

Bootflash

Active

STBY

Link
Yellow

Standby RP

Standby

CRIT

Red

On @ powerup, turned off by


IOS SW

Red

Major alarm indicator

Amber

Minor alarm indicator

Critical

MAJ

BITS

Amber
Fault or Loop Condition

Major

Min
Minor

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ACO
Alarm Cut Off

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Off No Activity

Recessed Button to cut off


Audible Alarm. This will get
triggered when crit/maj/min LED
is set.

11

Cisco QuantumFlow Processor (QFP)


Architecture, 1st generation

Quantum
Flow
Processor
Software

Multi-Core (40) Packet Processor


Traffic Manager

1. Scale 100s of resources & massive feature scale


2. Performance Designed to deliver 5-100s of Gbps
3. Feature Velocity Software designed to deliver a
common forwarding plane for multiple systems.
4. Multi-Generational This is only the 1st Generation!
Presentation_ID

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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12

ASR1000-ESP10 up close
Interconnect ASIC
SPI-Mux 4.2

Crypto
Engine

TCAM

Packet
Processor

CPU
Traffic
Manager

PPE
RLDRAM
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BQS Pkt.
DRAM

ESP CPU
DRAM
13

ESP10 Faceplate & LED Indications

Faceplate LEDs sit on a small


board, attached to the sheetmetal
carrier but separate from the main
ESP board, that is connected by a
flex cable to connector J1L.

ACTV (Active) LED:

PWR (Power) LED:

STBY (Standby) LED:

Green = Board is powered


Off = not powered

STAT (Status) LED:


Red = no software booted
Yellow = ROMMON booted
Green = Diags/IOS booted
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Green = IOS considers this to be


the Active ESP
in a redundant system
Off = Not Active ESP
Yellow = IOS considers this to be
the Standby
ESP in a redundant
system
Off = Not Standby ESP

14

ESP Generations
ASR1000ESP5

ASR1000ESP10

ASR1000ESP20

5Gbps

10Gbps

20Gbps

QFP

QFP

QFP

20

40

40

Clock Rate

900 Mhz

900 Mhz

1.2 Ghz

Crypto Engine BW

~1Gbps

3Gbps

8Gbps

QFP Resource
Memory

256MB

512MB

1GB

Packet Buffer

64MB

128MB

256MB

Control Memory

1GB

2GB

4Gb

TCAM

10Mb

10Mb

40Mb

System Bandwidth
(discussed on next
slide)
Based on
# of Processors

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Roadma
p

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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15

SPA Interface Processor: ASR1000-SIP10

Features:
First Generation ASR1000 SPA Interface Processor (SIP10)
Each SIP Can Support up to 4 Half-Height SPAs or up to 2 Full
Height SPAs
10Gbps Aggregate Performance
SPA Aggregation & Buffering Complex
800Mhz IOCP Processing Complex for Control
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16

ASR 1000 Series Building Blocks


Embedded Services
Processor
(active)
FECP

Route
Processor
(active)

Route
Processor
(standby)

RP

RP

Interconn.

Interconn.

Embedded Services
Processor
(standby)
FECP

RP (Route Processor)
Handles control plane traffic
Manages system

ESP
QFP
Crypto
assist

QFP

subsystem

subsystem

Crypto
assist

Interconn.

Interconn.

Handles forwarding plane traffic

SPA Interface Processor


Shared Port Adapters provide
interface connectivity

Centralized Forwarding
Architecture
Passive Midplane

Interconn.

SPA

Interconn.

IOCP

Agg.

SPA SPA

SPA

All traffic flows through the active


ESP, standby is synchronized with
all flow state with a dedicated
10Gbps link

Interconn.

IOCP

SPA

Agg.

SPA SPA

IOCP

Agg.

SPA SPA
ESI, (Enhanced Serdes) 11.5Gbps
SPA-SPI, 11.2Gbps
Hypertransport, 10Gbps

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Distributed Control Architecture


All major system components have
a powerful control processor
dedicated for control and
management planes
(using dedicated GigE links running
between all system components not
shown)

17

Software Architecture IOS XE


IOS XE = IOS + IOS XE Middleware +
Platform Software

Route Processor

Operational Consistency - same


look and feel as IOS Router
IOS runs as its own Linux process
for control plane (Routing, SNMP,
CLI etc). Capable of 64bit operation.

Presentation_ID

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

SPASPASPASPA
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Interface
Manager

Cisco Confidential

Interface
Manager

Forwarding
Manager

Control Messaging

ISSU of individual SW packages

Software Redundancy

(Standby)

Kernel

Re-startability

<50ms ESP Failover

(Active)

Chassis
Manager

Fault containment

Zero-packet-loss RP Failover

IOS

IOS XE Platform Adaptation Layer (PAL)

Linux kernel with multiple


processes running in protected
memory for

ASR 1000 HA Innovations

IOS

Chassis
Manager

QFP
Client/Driver
Forwarding
Manager

Chassis
Manager

Kernel

Kernel

SPA Interface Processor

Embedded Services
Processor
18

Agenda
ASR 1000 Series Product Overview

ASR 1000 Innovation


ASR Enterprise Solution Application

Presentation_ID

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

19

Powered by Cisco QuantumFlow Processor


Purpose Built to Meet Challenges at the Edge

>100
World Class
Engineers

5
Years

Development
Investment

>40

Cisco
QuantumFlow
Processor

Patents

Worlds Most Advanced Piece of Networking Silicon


Performance

Up to 20MPPS Forwarding
Rate w/service features

Nearly three times more powerful


than next competing edge platform

Scale

Over 1.3 Billion Transistors

Developed by same team as


CRS-1 ASIC (185M in SPP)

Availability

Customized QoS

20 Years of QoS technology


reduced to silicon

Services

Integrated
w/ Programmability

Industry first, permits instant on


and future extensibility

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20

ASR 1000 Innovations: IOS XE


ASR 1006 Control & Forwarding Plane Redundancy
IOS XE Upgrade

RP
Standby

RP
Active

IOS XE

IOS XE

ISSU

RP
Active

RP
Standby

IOS XE

IOS XE

IOS XE Upgrade

ISSU

QFP

QFP

ISSU

ESP
Active

QFP

ESP
Standby

QFP

Zero Packet Loss


Presentation_ID

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

RP
Standby

RP
Active

IOS XE

IOS XE

Step
2

Step
1

ESP
Active

IOS XE Upgrade

Zero Packet Loss

Zero Packet Loss

ESP
Standby

Validated

Cisco Confidential

ISSU

ESP
Standby

ESP
Active

QFP

QFP

50ms Traffic Interruption


21

ASR 1000 Innovations

Software Virtualization on Cisco ASR 1002 and 1004


IOS
IOS
Active
Standby

IOS
Standby
IOS
Active

ISSU
ISSU

IOS
Active

IOS Upgrade

IOS Upgrade IOS Upgrade

IOS
Standby

IOS
Standby

IOS XE

IOS XE
IOS XE
Step
1

ISSU
ISSU

IOS
Active

IOS XE
Step
2

Zero Packet Loss

Zero Packet Loss

Industry first,
delivering hitless upgrades without hardware redundancy
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22

Investment Protection
ASR 1000 Scale

ASR 10xx?

Chassis

Shared Port Adapters


Interface Flexibility

ASR 1006

ASR 1004
RP-2

ASR 1002
ASR 100x?

Future

Control
Plane

2H08
RP-1

Data +
Service
Plane
5G

Presentation_ID

RP-n

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10G
Cisco Confidential

20G
2H08

40G+
Future

23

Agenda
ASR 1000 Series Product Overview
ASR 1000 Innovation

ASR Enterprise Solution Application

Presentation_ID

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

24

ASR 1000 Multi-Service, Scalable & Secure


Managed FR / ATM (higher BW)
Going to Managed L2VPN / L3VPN
HQ /
Regional HQ

GigE / 10GigE
POS / ATM

DMVPN
DMVPN

MPLS
IP
VPN

Solution Objective

Offer a full service IPsec VPN


Aggregation Router which scales to meet
new BW demands of SP IP VPNs

Solution Benefits
Consolidate a stack of 7200s into
1 ASR 1000
Investment protected by smooth
transitions to more Crypto
Bandwidth as requirements
change
No service blades
A Cisco
First!
Optimized for QOS &
Multicast
Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w & s/w)

18xx

small

28xx

38xx

medium

large

Branch Offices
Full T1s w/ satellite, DSL etc. backup
Going to multiples of Ethernet/DSL/Wireless
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1000s of Sites / 10K IPsec


tunnels (up to 50tps)
Up to 3 Gbps crypto BW +
7 Gpbs non-crypto (FCS)
3DES/AES/SHA-1/IKEv1
DMVPN Phase 2
25

ASR 1000 Zone-Policy Firewall


WAN Aggregation Head-end or Internet
Gateway
38xx
18xx

IPsec
Zone

Z-Pair Policy
GigE / 10GigE /
POS/ATM/FR

Vlan 150

Private
Zone

Presentation_ID

Being able to scale IOS FW in a router to


multi-gigabit BW

Solution Benefits
Multi-Gigabit IOS FW in a router
IOS Firewall supported on all
interfaces in the router
No service blades required
IOS ZPF uses CPL for:
L4, L7 (HTTP, IM, P2P), Self,
URL Filter, DOS Params & more.
Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w)

Vlan 160

DMZ
Zone

Solution Objective

HTTP
DNS

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Internet
Zone
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ALL FW processing is
done within QFP up to
5/10Gbps
High-Speed Logging
(40K/sec) via NetFlow v9
2 Mpps+ with all baseline
services combined & FW
enabled
26

ASR 1000 Superior Application Availability


Solution Objective

Class
Queues

VLAN
(or logical)

Guarantee delivery of High Priority


The QFP Traffic
Applications regardless of which
Manager implements
features are enabled.
hierarchies of schedules
Solution Benefits
in hardware.
Guarantees High Priority
Applications always get forwarded
up to entire system BW.
Can clamp an arbitrary collection of
Low Priority traffic to a certain BW
Forms an integral part of all Enterprise
solutions, the QFP Traffic Manager
enables queue based operations
without a performance hit.
Non-queue ops (police, WRED,
classifications etc.) are performed by
PPE threads and are h/w accelerated

Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w & s/w)

Flexible Hierarchies
128K Queues

Ports
(physical)

Hierarchy of
Real Time
Schedulers

SIP /
SPA
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All queues can have a Min.


BW, Max & Excess w/
Priority Propagation
2 Priority queues per policy

Low 10s of usec of latency

27

ASR 1000 Superior High Availability / ISSU


Solution Objective

Redundant
Data
Path

Active
RP1

Standby
RP1

Solution Benefits (FCS h/w & s/w)

ESP
(active)

ESP
(standby)

SPA SPA
SPA SPA

Redundant
Control
Path

SPA SPA
SPA SPA

Active
RP

SPA SPA
SPA SPA

Standby
RP

SPA SPA
SPA SPA
SPA
SPA
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SPA

Software Redundancy for 2RU/4RU


NSF / Graceful Restart

BGP, OSPF (Cisco/IETF), OSPFv3,


IS-IS, EIGRP, LDP
SSO/ISSU: (generally follow each other)

CEF, SNMP, ARP, NAT

Stateful ISIS

MPLS, MPLS VPN, LDP, VRF-lite

IPv6 (NDP, uRPF)

FR, PPP, MLPPP, HDLC, VLAN

Broadband: PPPoE, AAA, DHCPv4,


DHCPv6 PD

ESP
(Standby)

k
Lin
GE

ESP
(Active)

Offer a carrier class platform which


continues to forward traffic during
planned or un-planned events.

SPA SPA
SPA SPA

Cisco Confidential

IPSec (SSO), FW/NAT


(SSO/ISSU)

Network

IP event dampening

BGP & SPF optimizations

Multicast sub second convergence

GLBP, HSRP, VRRP

BFD for BGP, ISIS, OSPFv2 & static


v4/v6

28

ASR 1000 Ease of Data Monitoring (ERSPAN)


HQ /
Regional DC

Core

Eureka!
The
ZBFW
needs
help!

GigE
/ 10GigE
IP VPN

Presentation_ID

!!!

Being able to capture L2-L7 packet and


route it through L3 cloud all the way to
DC

Solution Benefits
RSPAN capability across a L3
cloud
ERSPAN is Inter-operable with
Cat6500/7600 ERSPAN
No service blades required
Full Packet Visibility compared to
IP Export
Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w & s/w)

Regional
Office

!!!

Solution Objective

RSPAN in
GRE on
ASR 1000
(bidir.)
!!!

!!!

!!!

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!!!

!!!

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Uses QFP HW-assist for


replication
ERSPAN combined with
scalable NetFlow
Highest # of monitoring
sessions available

29

ASR 1000 Next Generation Branch CPE with


Integrated Services
Solution Objective

Netflow,
NBAR,
QoS

Solution Benefits

WAAS

Ethernet WAN
Service Provider

Firewall
IPSec VPN

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A branch architecture that offers


unparalleled investment protection with
services and scale.

First in ANY
2RU
system!

Cisco Confidential

Ensures branch ability to route


correctly over various types of
Ethernet SLAs
Encrypt multi-Gigabits of BW
Optimize the WAN to route around
brownouts in the SP network to further
guarantee mission critical applications
Small form factor (2RU) which also
offers IOS modularity and ISSU
Manageable even when IOS is down

Keys to ASR 1000 (FCS h/w)

Incredible
Price/Performance
IOS redundancy w/o a
hardware requirement
5-10 Gbps FW/NAT +
1.5-3 Gbps IPsec + WAN
Optimization + Voice
30

Cisco ASR 1000 Series


Three Things to Remember

3
Presentation_ID

High
Performance
Services

Highly
Available

Operational
Efficiency

2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Instant-on services NO service modules


Wire-speed services routing performance impact
Maximized Investment

Rapid failover with no service disruption


Complete hardware and software redundancy
Modular IOS-XE : Hit-less software upgrades

Reduced real-estate requirements


Twice as power efficient with > 10x performance
~170K power and cooling cost savings over 5-year period

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