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A SEMINAR REPORT ON

WITRICITY

BY:

MOHD ALI RAZA


(1214121005)
UNDER THE GUIDENCE OF S.P.S. YADAV SIR

Table Of Contents

What is Witricity
Witricity is based on
History of Witricity
Experiment of MIT researchers
Basic Principle
How it works
Need of Witricity
How it is safe
Applications
Advantages
Disadvantages
Conclusion.

What is Witricity:
Witricity is nothing but wireless
electricity.
Transmission of electrical energy from one
object to

another without the use of wires

is called as Witricity.
Because of Witricity some of the devices
won't require batteries to operate.

Witricity is based on:


Witricity is based on strong
coupling between electromagnetic
resonant objects to transfer
energy wirelessly between them.

History of Wireless Power:


In 1899, Sir Nikola Tesla
Proposed a method of Wireless
Power Transmission.
As it is in Radiative mode,
most of the Power was wasted
and has less efficiency.

The efficient midrange power


transfer concept is Witricity.
In this model source and load
are in Magnetic resonance so
there is no power loss.

Rebirth in 2007
In the first successful trial
of its kind, the team was
able to illuminate a 60-watt
light bulb 7ft away .

The
team
from
Massachusetts
Institute of
Technology, who call their
invention Witricity.

The story started late one night


the few years ago. It was probably
sixth time of that month.
Mr. Marin was awakened by his
mobile phone beeping low battery
warning signal.
At that time he thought about the
transmission of electricity
without wires.
This is a most important cause for
WiTricity.

ExperimentofMITresearchers:

The experiment consists of


two Self-resonant coils. One coil
(source
coil)
is
coupled
inductively to an oscillating
circuit; the other (device coil) is
coupled inductively to a resistive
load.
Self-resonant coils rely on the
interplay between distributed
inductance
and
distributed
capacitance to achieve resonance.

Basic Principle:
The basic principle involved in
Witricity concept is, Two objects
having same resonating frequency
and in Magnetic resonance at
Strongly coupled regime tend to
exchange
energy
,
while
dissipating relatively little energy
to the extraneous off-resonant
objects.

Why not wires?


As per studies, most electrical
energy transfer is through wires.
Most of the energy loss is during
transmission
On an average, more than 30%
In India, it exceeds 40%.

How wireless energy could work


Power from mains to

antenna, which is made of


copper.
Antenna resonates at a
frequency of about
10MHz,producing
electromagnetic waves
Tails' of energy from
antenna, which must also be
resonating at 10MHz. Energy
used to re-charge device
Energy not transferred to
laptop re-absorbed by source
antenna.

Need of Witricity:
Now a days there is a Rapid development of
autonomous electronics like Laptops, Cellphones, House-hold robots and all those
devices typically rely on chemical energy
storage(Battery) As they are becoming daily
needs to present generation, Wire less energy
transfer would be useful for many applications
as above and they need midrange energy

Wireless electricity in Daily life

How safe is witricity ?


Human beings or other objects placed
between the transmitter and receiver
do not hinder the transmission of
power.
Magnetic fields tend to interact
very weakly with
the
biological
tissues of the body, and so are not
prone to cause any damage to any
living beings.

Applications:
Direct Wireless Power
Device needs no wires
More mobility to
devices
AutomaticWireless
Charging
Device with
rechargeable batteries
charges itself directly
without wires

Some more Applications


Consumer
Electronics
Industrial
Transportation
Miscellaneous

Advantages:
Safe, fairly efficient, good range

Get electricity anywhere without


tumbling
wires.
Nature of power delivery is Omnidirectional, i.e ., in every direction.
Does not interfere with radio
waves.
Non radiative energy transfer is
safe for animals and people.
Less costly.

Disadvantages:

Wireless power transmission can be


possible only in few meters.

Efficiency is only 40%. As witricity is in


development stage, a lot of work is done
forimproving the efficiency and distance
between transmitter andreceiver.

The resonance condition should be


satisfied and if any error exists, there is no
possibility of power transfer.

CONCLUSION:
Wireless power transfer is quickly
becoming a viable reality. Witricity
products expected in next few years.
Witricity offers an extremely efficient
alternative to previous attempts at
providing wireless power.
Future improvements in wireless power
technology offer world changing
implications.

Future Enhancement:
MIT's Witricity is only 40 to 45% efficient and
they have to be twice as efficient to
compete
with
the
traditional chemical
batteries.
Aim is to get a robotic vacuum or a laptop
working, charging devices placed anywhere in
the room
The researchers have said that in another
five years time, they will come up with
a Witricity system for commercial use.

THANK YOU

References
An article published in the Science Magazine as Wireless Power
Transfer via Strongly Coupled Magnetic Resonances by Andre kurs,
Science 317, 83(2007); Dol:10.1126/ science.1143254,2007.
Efficient Non-Radiative Midrange Energy Transfer by Aristeidies
karalis, Marlin Soljacic,2006.
IEEE Spectrum, May 2009
www.WiTricity.com
http://www.WiTricitypower.com
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/data/1143254/DC1/1
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/1143254
http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/0706/070613-WiTricity.html

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BASICS
OF WITRICITY
BASICS
OF

WITRICITY