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By Jayati Singh
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! ÷he National Apprenticeship Scheme was

launched in 1959, initially on voluntary basis.

! ÷he Apprentices Act 1961 came into force on

March 1, 1962. In the beginning, the Act
envisaged training of trade apprentices.
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! ÷he training of Graduates and Diploma Holders in

Engineering and ÷echnology as Graduate and
÷echnician Apprentices was brought within the
purview of the Act through an amendment in 1973.

! ÷he Apprentices Act was, further, amended in 1986

to bring within its purview the training of students
passing out of the (10+2) vocational stream as
÷echnician (Vocational) Apprentices. ÷he training of
this category of apprentices commenced in terms of
the requisite Rules notified by the Government in
October, 1987

1. ÷o organize on a systematic basis the training of
apprentices to meet the rising demand for skilled
2. ÷o utilize fully the facilities available with the
industry for the training of apprentices
3. Ensure training is according with programmes,
standards and syllabi drawn up by expert bodies
4. ÷o improve the employment opportunities for
educated young people by equipping them with
various types of employable
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! ÷he Apprentices Act makes it obligatory on the part of employers both
in public and private sector industries to engage trade apprentices
according to the ratio of apprentices to workers other than unskilled
workers in designated trades prescribed under the Rules.

! In order to locate facilities for apprenticeship training, the training places

are located on the basis of the findings of surveys conducted in the
industrial establishments.

! ÷he duration of training for trade apprentices varies from six months to
four year depending upon the requirements of the specified

! ÷he syllabi for different trades are prepared and finalized by the
respective ÷rade Committees comprising trade experts from industry.
! 254 groups of industries are covered under the Apprentices Act.
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dualifications vary from Class VIII pass to XII class pass (10+2) system.
Minimum age is 14 years.

· Period of training varies from 6 months to 4 years.

÷raining comprises :

1. Basic ÷raining,
2. Practical ÷raining and
3. Related Instructions as per prescribed syllabus for each trade.

! If the establishment has less than 250 workers then the training is provided in
the institutes set up by the government , if there are more than 250 workers
the training happens in the establishment

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· Basic ÷raining & Related Instructions are

conducted in Basic ÷raining Centres (B÷Cs) or Related Instruction Centres
(RICs) set up within the establishments or in a B÷C or RIC set
up by the Government.

· Seats for trade apprentices are located by the Apprenticeship Adviser on the
basis of prescribed ratio of Apprentices to Workers and availability of training

. Every apprentice and employer has to enter into a contract of apprenticeship

training, which is registered by the Apprenticeship Advisers.

. Employers and apprentices have to fulfill their obligations under the Act.
M  M

! Central Apprenticeship Council is an apex
statutory body to advise the Government on
laying down of policies and prescribing norms
and standards in respect of Apprenticeship
÷raining Scheme.

! It is tripartite by constitution with members

from Governments both Central and
State/U÷s., Employers & ÷rade Unions.

! Rates of stipend paid to various apprentices are described
below. ÷hese rates of stipend are revised every two years based
on Consumer Price Index.
! (1) ÷he rates of stipend payable w.e.f. 21.03.2007 to trade
apprentices are as follows: -

! (a) During First Year of ÷raining Rs. 1090/- per month.

! (b) During Second Year of ÷raining Rs. 1240/- per month
! (c) During ÷hird Year of ÷raining Rs. 1,440/- per month
! (d) During Fourth Year of ÷raining Rs. 1,620/- per month

! ÷he rates of stipend for Graduate, ÷echnician &

÷echnician (Vocational) apprentices are Rs.
2600 p.m, Rs. 1850 p.m. and Rs. 1440
p.m. respectively. (with effect from
8th January 2008)
! Expenditure on Stipend for the categories of
Graduate, ÷echnician & ÷echnician (Vocational)
apprentices is shared equally between the employer
and the Central Government.

! Rates of stipend are revised every two years based

on Consumer Price Index
Apprenticeship training comprises of both

(i) ÷rade Apprenticeship ÷raining Scheme and

(ii)Graduate, ÷echnician and ÷echnician (Vocational)

Apprenticeship ÷raining Scheme.

Under ÷rade Apprenticeship ÷raining Scheme 153 trades have

been covered whereas in Graduate, ÷echnical and ÷echnician
(Vocational) Scheme 103 subject ields have been designated
for the category of Graduate & ÷echnician Apprentices and 95
subject fields have been designated for the category of
÷echnician (Vocational) Apprentices

Most popular trade amongst apprentices was
Fitter trade with 36,146 apprentices followed
by Electrician-22,149; Mechanic Motor Vehicle-
14,533; Lineman-10,744; Welder Gas &
÷urner-9,696; Mechanic Diesel-9,478;
Electronic Mechanic ± 6,785;
Wireman -4,629; Boiler Attendant -3,346; etc.
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1. ÷o make arrangements & bear the cost of related Instructions
2. ÷o arrange for basic training to apprentices engaged by
employers employing less than 250 workers
3. ÷o register contracts of apprenticeships executed between the
apprentices & the employers & look into complaints if any
4. ÷o inspect the progress of training of apprentices
5. ÷o conduct the final trade tests for the eligible apprentices and
issue certificates on behalf of NC÷V÷ to the successful

NC÷V÷ : National Council of Vocational ÷raining

AI÷÷ : All India ÷rade ÷ests

! ÷o engage apprentices as per the prescribed ratio and make available the training facilities

! ÷o provide the apprentice with training in his trade

! ÷o maintain records & submit returns periodically

! ÷o meet share of apprentice training including stipend paid

! ÷o release apprentices for Related Instructions one day per week or block release basis

! ÷o look after the health, safety & welfare of the apprentice

! ÷o send the duly signed contract to authorities within 3 months of the date on which it was

! ÷o provide all facilities as per the Act

! ÷o make ÷raining charge a qualified person


! ÷o carry on his obligations under the contract

! ÷o conduct himself as a trainee and not a
worker & learn his trade diligently
! ÷o attend related instructions and practical
classes regularly
! ÷o abide by the rules & regulations of the
establishment in all matters of conduct &
DGE&÷ initiated Craftsmen ÷raining
Scheme (C÷S) in 1950 by establishing about 50
Industrial ÷raining Institutes for imparting skills in
various vocational trades to meet the skilled
manpower requirements for technology and
industrial growth of the country

Several new private I÷Is were established in 1980¶s in

Southern states mostly in Kerala, Karnataka and
Andhra Pradesh, from where trained craftsmen
found placement mainly in the Gulf countries
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÷o equip the human resource with

appropriate skills required in the labour
·÷o make youth productive by providing
employable skills both for wage and selfemployment.
· ÷o Produce craftsmen of high quality
· ÷o ensure steady flow of skilled workers
in industrial /service sectors.
· ÷o raise the quality and quantity of
industrial production by systema

! Pg 119
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! Pg 122
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÷he Indian Institute of Workers

Education (IIWE), Mumbai, an apex level
training Institute of the Board was established
in 1970

÷raining programmes of the Board for workers in organized sector are
e conducted at three levels.

1. At the first level training is imparted to the candidates selected as

Education Officers. After successful completion of the training, these
Education Officers conduct various programmes from the centers of
their posting.

2. At the second level, workers from different establishments,

sponsored by trade unions and released by employers
are trained. ÷hese trained workers are called Worker-÷eacher.

3. At the third level, the worker-teacher conduct classes for the rank
and file of workers in their establishments.
Initially the Board concentrated its activities in the organized sector. ÷he
Board shifted as emphasis to rural sector since 1977- 78 on the
recommendations of Workers Education Review Committee. Initially
started with 7 pilot projects, the rural workers education programmes
have now become a regular and continuing programme. ÷he objectives
of the programme are:

÷o promote critical awareness of problems, privileges and obligations as

workers and citizens;
! to enhance self confidence and build unscientific attitude;
! to educate them to develop their organizations through which they can
fulfill socio-economic functions and responsibilities in rural economy
! strengthen democratic, secular and socialist fibre of rural society;
! to motivate for family welfare and combat social evils

! Difficult to measure, can only be felt or

realized over a course of time

! Sincere cooperation & participation is

required from all parties concerned

! ÷he Supreme Court has laid down clear

criteria as to regular appointment of
1. Others things being equal a trained
apprentice to be given preference over
direct recruits
2. If age bar exists it should be relaxed to the
extent at which he has undergone training
÷hank You