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Systems Analysis and Design in a

Changing World, Fourth Edition

Learning Objectives

Menjelaskan fungsi penting dari analisis sistem dalam


bisnis

Menggambarkan berbagai macam sistem dan


teknologi yang biasa digunakan dalam analisis sistem

Menjelaskan pentingnya kemampuan teknis,


personal, dan kemampuan bisnis untuk seorang
analis

Menjelaskan mengapa perilaku etis sangat penting


bagi karir analis sistem

Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition

Learning Objectives (continued)

Menggambarkan tipe teknologi yang perlu di


mengerti oleh analis

Menggambarkan jenis pekerjaan dan tempat


bekerja, dimana analisis dan desain dikerjakan

Mendeskripsikan tugas analis di dalam proyek


pengembangan sistem

Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition

Overview

Sistem Informasi

Merupakan kunci sukses untuk bisnis modern

Dikembangkan secara konstan untuk membuat


bisnis lebih kompetitif

Mempengaruhi produktivitas dan keuntungan

Kunci Sukses Pembangunan Sistem

Detail dalam analisis sistem dan desain

Mengerti apa yang dibutuhkan oleh Bisnis

Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition

Overview (continued)

Analisa Sistem proses mengerti apa yang


akan dicapai oleh suatu sistem secara detail

Desain Sistem proses identifikasi secara detail


bagaimana komponen dari sistem informasi akan
diimplementasikan secara fisik

Analisa Sistem menggunakan teknik analisis


dan desain untuk menyelesaikan masalah bisnis
menggunakan teknologi informasi

Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition

Seorang Analis Sebagai Pemecah


Masalah Bisnis <<PENTING>>

Mempunyai pengetahuan tentang teknologi


komputer dan programming

Mengerti masalah dalam bisnis

Menggunakan logika untuk menyelesaikan masalah

Memiliki dasar ingin tahu

Ingin segalanya menjadi lebih baik

Lebih ke arah penyelesai masalah daripada


seorang teknisi programmer

Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition

Pendekatan Seorang Analis Dalam


Menyelesaikan Masalah

Meneliti dan mengerti masalahnya


Mampu membandingkan solusi dan resiko yang akan ditemui
Mendefinisikan apa yang dibutuhkan untuk menyelesaikan
masalah

Mengembangkan solusi alternatif


Menentukan solusi yang terbaik dan yang direkomendasikan

Mendefinisikan detail solusi yang dipilih


Implementasi Solusi
Memonitor untuk memastikan hasil
Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition

Systems That Solve Business Problems

System adalah komponen yang saling berhubungan


besama untuk mencapai suau hasil

Information systems adalah kumpulan dari komponen2


yang berhubungan yang mengumpulkan, memproses,
menyimpan dan menghasilkan output berupa informasi
yang diperlukan untuk menyelesaikan suatu masalah

Subsystem part of a larger system

Supersystem larger system that contains subsystems

Functional decomposition membagi sistem menjadi


subsistem dan komponen yang lebih kecil

Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition

Information Systems and Subsystems

Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition

Information Systems and Component


Parts

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System Boundary vs. Automation


Boundary

Pengertian Sistem Boundary dan Automation Boundary

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Types of Information Systems

Transaction processing systems (TPS)

Capture and record information about organizations


transactions

Management information systems (MIS)

Take information captured by TPS

Produce reports for planning and control

Decision support / knowledge-based systems


(DSS/KBS)

Explore impact of available options or decisions (what-if


scenarios)

Automate routine decision making

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Types of Information Systems (continued)

Enterprise applications

Sistem terintegrasi yang mensuport seluruh operasi dan


data di perusahaan (Contoh BANK Nasional)

Often combine aspects of TPS, MIS, DSS/KBS

Communication support systems

Memfasilitasi komunikasi internal dan dengan pelanggan


dan suplier

Office support systems

Membantu pekerja dalam membuat dokumen dan sharing


dokumen

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Types of Information Systems (continued)

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Required Skills of the Systems Analyst

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Technical Knowledge and Skills

An analyst should have fundamental technology


knowledge of

Computers / peripheral devices (hardware)

Communication networks and connectivity

Database and database management systems


(DBMS)

Programming languages (for example, VB.NET or


Java)

Operating systems and utilities

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Technical Knowledge and Skills (continued)

Analyst uses tools (Tools untuk analis)

Software productivity packages

Integrated development environments (IDEs) for programming


languages

CASE tools (Ms. Visio) , testing, documentation support, reverse


engineering (SW->Coding), configuration management

Analyst understands SDLC (Systems Development Life Cycle)


techniques

Project planning, systems analysis

Systems design, database design, network design

Construction, implementation, systems support

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Business Knowledge and Skills

Analyst must understand

Business functions performed by organization

Strategies, plans, traditions, and values of the organization

Organizational structure

Organization management techniques

Functional work processes

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People Knowledge and Skills

Systems analysts need to understand how


people

Think

Learn

React to change

Communicate

Work (in a variety of jobs and levels)

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People Knowledge and Skills (continued)

Interpersonal and communication skills sangat


penting untuk

Mendapatkan Informasi

Memotivasi

Mendapatkan kerjasama

Mengerti Kompleksitas dan cara kerja dari suatu


organisasi untuk memberikan dukungan yang
diperlukan

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Integrity and Ethics

Analis dapat mengakses informasi yang rahasia


dan penting, seperti : Gaji,rencana proyek,
keamanan, dll

Harus menjaga kerahasiaannya

Segala tindakan yang tidak patut dapat merusak


karirnya.

Analis merencanakan keamanan untuk menjaga


informasi yang rahasia (hati2 menyimpan file)

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Hal-hal disekitar analis

Tipe teknologi yang akan dihadapi

Desktop

Networked desktops (PC yang saling berhubungan)

Client-server

Large-scale centralized mainframe

Internet, intranet, and extranet

Wireless, PDA/cell phones, mobile desktops

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Use of Web Technology for Flexibility

Enterprise applications membutuhkan


lingkungan pengembangan yang fleksibel

Anywhere, anytime access

For employees, partners, and customers

Solusinya adalah Web-based technology

B2C: business to consumer

B2B: business to business

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Jenis jabatan dan tempat bekerja

Nama jabatan di setiap perusahaan mungkin


berbeda untuk analis tapi pekerjaannya sama

Tempat bekerja bervariasi dari pekerjaan kecil


sampai perusahaan besar

Analis bisa berasal dari pegawai internal atau


konsultan luar

Analis dapat mengembangkan solusi untuk


manajer internal atau untuk klien dan pelanggan

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Tugas Analis dalam Strategic Planning

Special projects yang berpengaruh terhadap executives


(bos)

Menyusun Bisnis Proses

Membuat perubahan radikal dari proses yang sudah


ada

Terlibat dalam proses perencanaan strategis

Perencanaan strategis dari sistem informasi

Rencana arsitektur aplikasi (fokus ke bisnis)

Perencana arsitektur teknologi (fokus ke infrastruktur)

Enterprise resource planning (ERP)

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Components of an information systems


strategic plan

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Analyst as a System Developer

Part 1: The systems analyst

Chapter 1: The world of the information systems


analyst (this chapter)

Chapter 2: Approaches to system development

Predictive and adaptive SDLCs

Traditional approach

Object-oriented approach

Chapter 3: The analyst as a project manager

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Analyst as a System Developer (continued)

Part 2: Systems analysis tasks

Chapter 4: Beginning the analysis: Investigating


system requirements

Chapter 5: Modeling system requirements

Chapter 6: Traditional approach to requirements

Chapter 7: Object-oriented approach to requirements

Chapter 8: Evaluating alternatives for requirements,


environment, and implementation

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Analyst as a System Developer (continued)

Part 3: Systems design tasks

Chapter 9: Moving to design

Chapter 10: Traditional approach to design

Chapter 11: Object-oriented approach to design

Chapter 12: Designing databases

Chapter 13: Designing the user interface

Chapter 14: Designing system interfaces, controls,


and security

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Analyst as a System Developer (continued)

Part 4: Implementation and support

Chapter 15: Making the system operational

Chapter 16: Current trends in system development

Supplemental Online Chapters

Online Chapter 1: Advanced topics in OO design

Online Chapter 2: Software packages and ERP

Online Appendices:

Project management, finance, planning, interviewing

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Summary

A systems analyst solves business problems


using information systems technology

Problem solving means looking into business


problem in great detail, completely
understanding problem, and choosing best
solution

Information system development is much more


than writing programs

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Summary (continued)

System collection of interrelated components


that function together to achieve some outcome

Information systems outcome solution to a


business problem

Information systems, subsystems, and


components interact with and include hardware,
software, inputs, outputs, data, people, and
procedures

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Summary (continued)

Systems analyst has broad knowledge and


variety of skills, including technical, business,
and people

Integrity and ethical behavior are crucial to


success for the analyst

Systems analyst encounters a variety of rapidly


changing technologies

Systems analyst works on strategic plans and


then system development projects

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