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4. Flexural Members
4. FLEXURAL MEMBERS
Oct 10, 2014Documents
limelrac-santos
Mapua Institute of Technology
School of CE-EnSE-CEM
STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN
Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com
FLEXURAL MEMBERS
Design of Flexural Members
Classification of Steel Section:
1. Compact Section
2. Non Compact Section
3 Slender Element Section
3
.
Slender
Element
Section
Stiffened Element supported along two edges parallel to the direction of the
compression force.
Unstiffened Element
supported along one edge, parallel to the direction of the
compression force.
Co
m
pact
Sect
i
o
n
Co pact Sect o
b
f
< 170 (for compression flanges of I Section and Channel Section)
2t
f
F
y
d < 1680
t
w
F
y
(for webs in flexural compression)
of20
Report

DESCRIPTION
TEXT
Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN FLEXURAL MEMBERS Design of Flexural Members Classification of Steel Section: 1. Compact Section 2. Non Compact Section 3. 3 Slender Element Section Stiffened Element supported along two edges parallel to the direction of the compression force. Unstiffened Element supported along one edge, parallel to the direction of the compression force. Co pact Section Compact Sect o bf < 170 (for compression
flanges of I Section and Channel Section) 2tf Fy d < 1680 tw Fy (for webs in flexural compression) Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN Non Compact Section bf < 250 (for compression flanges of I Section and Channel Section) 2tf Fy h < 1995 tw Fy (for webs in flexural compression) Slender Element Section bf > 250 (for compression flanges of I Section and Channel
Section) 2tf Fy h > 1995 tw Fy (for webs in flexural compression) *NOTE: Compact Sections - ALL of its elements must be compact. For sections other than mentioned above, please see Table 5-1-Limiting Width Thickness Ratio for Compression Members (page 194 of Gillesania). Allowable Bending Stress for I Section & Channel Section Bent About Their Major Axis 1. Members with Compact Section with Lb < Lc ; Lb=braced length (allowable bending stress in both tension & compression)
2. Members w/ Non Compact Section a. For except that their flanges are non compact (excluding ) ). built up members & members w/ Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN b. For Built Up Members w/ where: if f , if c. For Members w/ Non Compact Section not included above and d , 3. Members w/ Compact or NonCompact Section w/ a. Allowable bending stress in
tension, b. b Allowable bending stress in compression compression, When : When For any value of Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN where: Reversed Curvature (+) Single Curvature (-) Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN Sample Problem 1: A simply
supported beam has an I Section made from 3 A36 steel plates welded together. Flanges are 450 x 20mm and web is 500 x 20mm. W=? L Calculate the maximum uniform load w that the beam can carry. If the span of the beam is: a.) 4 m c.) 10 m b.) 6 m d.) 16 m Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN Solution: a.) Check if the section is compact or not? Compact flanges : p g ;
Compact web : Non Compact flange .: Section is Non Compact since the section is non-compact with LbLc a. b. Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN still under case 3.b., solving for Fbc * Not satisfied! ** Not satisfied also because *** For any value of = 229.83 >0.6Fy .: use Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology
School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN Thus applying flexure formula, ans. Sample Problem 2: Calculate the moment gradient multiplier , for the ff. beams. 1. 2. 3. Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN 4. single curvature 5. single curvature Allowable Bending Stress, of I Section, Solid Bars, Channel & Plates on Their Weaker Axis. Members with Compact Sections
Members with Non Compact Sections Shear Stress on Beams, Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN Allowable Shear Stress, *When or *When where: when or when when when where: Sample Problem 3: From sample problem 1, check the adequacy of the beam against shear. a. b. c. d. Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of
Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN Solution: Seatwork 1: A floor system is supported by W18x158 A36 steel beams 10m long and spaced 3.50m on centers. The beams are simply supported at their ends and are laterally supported over their entire span. Allowable stress for bending and shear are 0.66Fy and 0.40Fy, respectively. Deflection of each beam should not exceed 1/360 of the span. overall depth= 500.9 mm web thickness= 20.6 mm section modulus=
5085.5x103 mm3 beam weight=235.0 kg/m 1. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum floor load without exceeding the allowable bending stress of each beam. a. 11.08kPa b.18.37kPa c. 15.41kPa d. 19.03kPa 2. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum floor load without exceeding the allowable shearing stress of each beam. a.57.83kPa b. 50.31kPa c. 68.49kPa d. 61.77kPa 3. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum floor load without exceeding the
allowable deflection of each beam. a. 15.53kPa b. 22.06kPa c. 19.82kPa d.14.87kPa Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN Design/Analysis of Purlins AllowableBending Stress Fbx Fby Deflection of Purlins, Compact Section 0.66Fy 0.75Fy NonCompact Section 0.6Fy 0.6Fy Design/Analysis of Purlins with Sagrods and Tierods a. Sagrods at Midspan of Purlins Lecture Notes of Engr.
Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN b. Sagrods at Third Points of Purlins Sample Problem 4: A 28m Fink Truss are spaced at 6m o.c. The purlins are made up of W8X18 sections and are spaced at 1.96m on centers. Roof LL is 960N/m2 of roof surface and roof covering is assumed to be 720N/m2 of roof surface. Determine whether the purlins are adequate to carry such loadings. Sagrods & tierods are
placed at midspan. A36 steel is used. tierod sagrods 1.96 7m 28 m Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN W8x18 Purlins Solution: Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com Mapua Institute of Technology School of CE-EnSE-CEM STEEL & TIMBER DESIGN Subs. Subs Substituting, 0.543 d ; Case b d = 0.55m ; P = 1831.2525 KN ans. Web Crippling, x = 3
Crippling d = 0.55m 0 55m x > d/2 ; Case a R= P/2 tw = 14.7mm N= 600mm k = 31mm Fy=250Mpa d=550mm tf = 23.6mm P = 2001.32 KN Pmax = 1831.2525 KN ans. a. Nmin @ supports=? Web Yielding, x = 0 x < d ; Case a d = 0.55m ; Nsup = 300 mm Web Crippling, x = 0 d = 0.55m x < d/2 ; Case b Nsup = 510.34 mm .: Nmin @ support = 510.34mm ans. Lecture Notes of Engr. Edgardo S. Cruz, MSCE engredgar2k@gmail.com
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