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AUTOMOBILE

ENGINEERING
Automobile engineering is the study of
motor bikes, mopeds, scooters, cars,
trucks, busses, tractors and such vehicles.
An automobile may be defined as a self
propelled steerable device capable of
moving on land.
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Various
systems in
Automobiles

Body

transmission

Engine

chassis
suspension
4 wheel drive

Types vehicles.

1. Front transverse engine with front


wheel drive
2. Front longitudinal engine with rear wheel
drive

Front Longitudinal Engine with


Rear wheel drive

Front Transverse Engine with


Front wheel drive

Transmission

Clutch
Gearbox
Propeller shaft
Differential
Drive shafts

Clutch
A clutch mechanism which enables the
rotary motion of one shaft to be transmitted
to second shaft, whose axis is coincident
with that of first.
Clutch is located between the engine and
gear box.
When the clutch is engaged, the power
flows from engine to the rear wheels
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Clutch
Disengaged Starting the engine
Shifting the gear
Stopping the vehicle
Idling the engine
Engaged when the vehicle moving

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Function of clutch
To permit engagement or disengagement of a
gear when the vehicle is stationary and the
engine is running.
To permit the engine power to the road
wheels smoothly without shock to the
transmission system while setting the wheel
in motion
To permit the engaging of gear when the
vehicle is in motion without damaging the
gear wheel
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Gear Box or
Transmission
This device
transmits the power to the propeller
shaft changing the RPM.
It can be automatic or Manually operated.
In a car it is operated with the help of Gear
lever which helps the driver the gears according
to his requirement.
In a manually operated Gear box it is
mandatory to engage the clutch and then
change the gear.

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Automobile transmission

Propeller Shaft or Drive shaft


It carries the power from the Transmission or the
Gearbox to the Differential.
It is a long tube like structure made up of hard
steel.
It is provided with universal Joints at one end
and the other has splines to fit it inside the yoke.
If there are multiple shafts in the vehicle, it can
be mounted in the cross member of the frame
and also can be inserted into the center bearing
and mounted in the member

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Differential or Rear Final


Drive
It is a very important device which converts
mechanical energy to Motion.

It provides less motion to the inner wheel and


greater motion to the outer wheel while the vehicle
is being turned.
Drive pinion and Driven gear and Planetary gear
assy. are the important parts installed inside the
housing.
It holds the wheel hubs and break drums and the
cylinders and also carry half axel shafts which help
in moving the vehicle

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Parts of a differential

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Suspension system

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Suspension System
Uses springs and shock
absorbers to provide a
good ride and improved
handling.
Coil & leaf springs,
torsion bars and air
suspension are all used.
Most shock absorbers are
hydraulic or air operated.

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Steering System
Two types used:
Conventional or
parallelogram steering
used on larger cars
and trucks.
Rack and pinion
steering used on most
cars.
Conventional on
trucks, heavy
vehicles.

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Full Frame Chassis


Uses welded steel alloy
metal
C-channel or box frame
construction
Used on large cars and
most all trucks
Body made in separate
unit and bolted to chassis

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Chassis Related Systems


Braking
system
Suspension
system
Steering
system

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Braking System
The purpose of the
braking system is of
course, to stop the car.
Brakes are used on all
wheels and is
hydraulically operated.
Two common types of
brake assemblies are
used.
Disc Brakes
Drum Brakes
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Drum Brakes
Uses a drum which
spins with the wheel.
Stationary brake
shoes are pressed out
from the inside to
cause friction.
Used on rear brakes
of many cars.
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Starting System
Uses a battery and
electric starting motor
(cranking motor) to crank
over the engine for
starting
Battery
Cranking motor
Solenoid
Key switch
Wires
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