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BSME ENGINEERNG

Single Points of Failure


Bob Cullen
Manager
CE/BSME
Operations/Engineering (Backbone Systems Management and Engineering)

Title 1
14.Dec.01

Definitions

Passport Lead
Switch #1

Lp/<Card #1> Sdh/0


Atmif/1

Passport TNX-1100 Intra-PoP


Trunking

Lp/<Card #1> Sdh/1


Atmif/11

TNX-1100 Fabric #1
1B3
1B4

Lp/<Card #2> Sdh/0


Atmif/2

Multiple STM1 Trunks On Different


Cards (2 PNNI STM1 Trunks forLp/<Card #2> Sdh/1
FRATM VC Routing + 2 STM1 Trunks
Atmif/12
for Passport Passport Logical
Trunking)
STM1 Trunk Cards Serviced By
Different Switching Fabrics on the
TNX

Infonet Global ATM


Backbone
TNX-1100 Fabric #2
2B3

DPRS Dynamic Mesh Protection on


Passport-Passport Trunks
PNNI Signaling on All Passport TNX Trunks
"Card #1": Lowest Numbered 3-Port ATM STM1 Card
"Card #2": Highest Numbered 3-Port ATM STM1 Card

3B3

TNX-1100 Fabric #3
STM-1 Dedicated For ATM Logical Trunking
(PNNI Signaling Disabled)
STM-1 Dedicated For FRATM VCs
(PNNI Signaling Enabled)

Title 2
14.Dec.01

Definitions

Passport Passport Intra-PoP


Trunking
Dual STM1 Trunks On Different
Cards (2 STM1 Trunks for Passport
Passport Trunking)
DPRS Dynamic Mesh Protection on
Passport-Passport Trunks
PNNI Signaling on All Passport TNX Trunks
Title 3
14.Dec.01

Definitions
Passport - Passport InterRegional Trunking

Title 4
14.Dec.01

2x8/16/32/64Mbps ATM
Logical Trunks On Different
STM1 Cards at Core Sites
With One Lead Switch
2x8/16/32/64Mbps ATM
Logical Trunks Terminated
on Different Passports at
Core Sites With Two Lead
Switches
2xE1/DS1 Trunks
Terminated On Different
Cards at Non-Core
Regional Sites
Dynamic Mesh Protection
DPSR Signaling on All
Passport Trunks (Nortel
Propriatery Signaling
Protocol Similar to OSPF)

Definitions
FR PVC Path Resiliency
FR SPVCs
Automatically
Rerouted Around
Backbone Outages
DPRS Signaling
Supports SPVC
Automatic Path
Rerouting Following
Outage
DPRS Signaling
Supports PVC Path
Re-Optimization
(Restoration to
Primary Path Once
Outage is Cleared)

Title 5
14.Dec.01

Definitions
FR PVC Path Resiliency
FR SPVCs
Automatically
Rerouted Around
Backbone Outages
DPRS Signaling
Supports SPVC
Automatic Path
Rerouting Following
Outage
DPRS Signaling
Supports PVC Path
Re-Optimization
(Restoration to
Primary Path Once
Outage is Cleared)

Title 6
14.Dec.01

Definitions
Marconi ASX-4000 Switch
System Resiliency
Redundant Controller
Cards
Redundant AC Power
Supplies
Redundant Switching
Fabrics
Port Protection Supported
(Linear APS)
Card Protection
Supported
Redundant Ethernet
Management Ports
Title 7
14.Dec.01

Definitions
Marconi TNX-1100 Switch
System Resiliency
Redundant Controller Cards
Redundant AC Power
Supplies
Redundant Timing Control
Modules
Multiple Independent
Switching Fabrics
Port Protection Supported
(Linear APS)
Card Protection Supported
Redundant Ethernet
Management Ports

Title 8
14.Dec.01

Definitions
ASX-4000 ASX4000 Inter-Regional
Trunking
Multiple
STM1/STM4 Trunks
On Different Cards
STM1/STM4 Trunk
Cards Serviced By
Different Switching
Fabrics
Dynamic Mesh
Protection
PNNI Signaling on
All ASX ASX
Trunks
Title 9
14.Dec.01

Definitions
ASX-4000 TNX-1100
Inter-Regional
Trunking
Multiple STM1 Trunks
On Different Cards
STM1 Trunk Cards
Serviced By
Different Switching
Fabrics on Both the
ASX and the TNX
Dynamic Mesh
Protection
PNNI Signaling on All
ASX TNX InterRegional Trunks

Title 10
14.Dec.01

Definitions

ASX-4000 TNX1100 Intra-PoP


Trunking

TNX and ASX Within


the Same PoP
Connected Through
2 x STM4 Trunking
2 x STM4 Trunks on
Different Cards on
Both the ASX and
the TNX
2 x STM4 Trunk
Cards Serviced By
Different Switching
Fabrics on Both the
ASX and the TNX
PNNI Signaling on
All ASX TNX IntraPoP Trunks

Title 11
14.Dec.01

Definitions

ATM SPVC Path


Resiliency

ATM SPVCs
Automatically
Rerouted Around
Backbone Outages
Within 2 3 sec
PNNI Signaling
Supports SPVC and
SPVP Automatic Path
Rerouting Following
Outage
PNNI Signaling
Supports SPVC and
SPVP Automatic Path
Re-Optimization
(Restoration to
Primary Path Once
Outage is Cleared)

Title 12
14.Dec.01

Definitions

ATM SPVC Path


Resiliency

ATM SPVCs
Automatically
Rerouted Around
Backbone Outages
Within 2 3 sec
PNNI Signaling
Supports SPVC and
SPVP Automatic Path
Rerouting Following
Outage
PNNI Signaling
Supports SPVC and
SPVP Automatic Path
Re-Optimization
(Restoration to
Primary Path Once
Outage is Cleared)

Title 13
14.Dec.01

FRATM VC

Definitions

FRATM

1 x 155Mbps

1 x 155Mbps

4 x 155Mbps

Dynamic Mesh
Protection
PNNI Signaling on
2xSTM1 TNX
Passport Trunks

622 Mbps

1 x 155Mbps

622 Mbps

Title 14
14.Dec.01

Nortel 7480 Passport


Switch

622 Mbps

622 Mbps

2 x STM1 Trunks
On Different Cards

ASX-4000 ATM Switch


TNX-1100 ATM Switch

155 Mbps

155 Mbps

TNX-1100
Passport Intra-PoP
Trunking

2 x STM1 Trunk
Cards Serviced By
Different Switching
Fabrics on TNX

Infonet GFR
Network

FRNNI

FRATM VC

Definitions

FRATM SPVC Path


Resiliency

FRATM SPVCs
Automatically
Rerouted Around
Passport-TNX Outage
and Around TNX-TNX
Backbone Outages
Within 2 3 sec
PNNI Signaling
Supports FRATM SPVC
Automatic Path
Rerouting Following
Outage
PNNI Signaling
Supports FRATM SPVC
Automatic Path ReOptimization
(Restoration to
Primary Path Once
Outage is Cleared)

Title 15
14.Dec.01

FRATM VC
Infonet GFR
Network

FRNNI

Definitions

FRATM

Nortel 7480 Passport


Switch

622 Mbps

622 Mbps

Passport FRATM
Card is a SPOF

TNX-1100 ATM Switch

155 Mbps

155 Mbps

Passport FRATM
Card Lack of
Resiliency

ASX-4000 ATM Switch

1 x 155Mbps

1 x 155Mbps

4 x 155Mbps

Title 16
14.Dec.01

622 Mbps

622 Mbps

1 x 155Mbps

FRATM VC

Definitions
Ciena K2 ADM System
Resiliency
Redundant Controller Card
Redundant DC Power Supply
Redundant Ethernet
Management Ports
Port Protection Supported
(Linear APS)

Title 17
14.Dec.01

Definitions
Ciena CI ADM System
Resiliency
Redundant Controller Card
Redundant DC Power
Supply
Redundant Timing Card
Redundant Switching
Cards
Redundant Ethernet
Management Ports
Port Protection Supported
(Linear APS)
Card Protection Supported
(Linear APS)

Title 18
14.Dec.01

Definitions

Ciena K2 MetroDirector ADM


OC-48
UPSR

Ciena CoreDirector CI ADM


CH #1

IPOP #2

IPOP #1
Infonet IVS
DCN Network

OC-48
BLSR

IVS PE

K2 K2 Trunks
Dual OC48 Trunks on
Different Cards
Resilient Ring Protection
BLSR Protection on K2K2 Trunks

Title 19
14.Dec.01

2 x OC-48
(Meshed Protection)

CH #2

OC-48
UPSR

Infonet IVS
DCN Network
IVS PE

Definitions

Ciena K2 MetroDirector ADM


OC-48
UPSR

Ciena CoreDirector CI ADM


CH #1

IPOP #2

IPOP #1
Infonet IVS
DCN Network

OC-48
BLSR

IVS PE

CI-K2 Connectivity
Dual OC48 Trunks on
Different Cards
Resilient Ring Protection
UPSR Protection on CI-K2
Trunks

Title 20
14.Dec.01

2 x OC-48
(Meshed Protection)

CH #2

OC-48
UPSR

Infonet IVS
DCN Network
IVS PE

Definitions
CI-CI Connectivity
Multiple OC48 Trunks
on Different Cards
OC48 Trunk Cards on
Different Line
Modules
Dynamic Mesh
Protection
OSRP Signaling on
CI-CI Trunks (Ciena
Proprietary Similar to
PNNI)

Title 21
14.Dec.01

Definitions
CI-CI Connectivity
Circuits Dynamically
Rerouted Around CI
Trunk Outage Within 100
to 500 msec

Title 22
14.Dec.01

Spreadsheet

Title 23
14.Dec.01

Questions

Title 24
14.Dec.01