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SISTEM

MANAJEMEN LINGKUNGAN
(PENDAHULUAN)
oleh
AHHMAT WAHYUDI, ST., M.Si.

Apa yang dimaksud


dengan :
Sistem Manajemen
Lingkungan (SML)
Standar Standarisasi
ISO
ISO
seri hal
14000
Apakah
itu penting ?
Mengapa hal itu penting ?

suatu jaringan kerja dari prosedur-prosedur


yang saling berhubungan, berkumpul
bersama-sama untuk melakukan suatu
kegiatan atau untuk menyelesaikan suatu
sasaran yang tertentu
kumpulan dari elemen-elemen yang
berinteraksi untuk mencapai suatu tujuan
tertentu

bahasa Perancis kuno, menegement yang


berarti seni melaksanakan dan mengatur.
Banyak definisi yg berbedabeda dari
para ahli....intinya ada 4 fungsi :
perencanaan, pengorganisasian,
pengaruh, pengendalian

segala sesuatu yang ada di sekitar manusia yang


memengaruhi perkembangan kehidupan manusia baik
langsung maupun tidak langsung. Lingkungan bisa
dibedakan menjadi lingkungan biotik , abiotik dan sosial.
UULH 32/2009
kesatuan ruang dengan semua benda, daya, keadaan, dan
makhluk hidup,termasuk manusia dan perilakunya,
yangmempengaruhi alam itu sendiri,
kelangsunganperikehidupan, dan kesejahteraan manusia
sertamakhluk hidup lain

Menurut ISO 14001 (ISO 14001, 1996), sistem


manajemen lingkungan (EMS) adalah 'that part of
the overall management system which includes
organizational structure planning, activities,
responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes,
and resources for developing, implementing,
achieving, reviewing, and maintaining the
environmental policy'.

An EMS is a continual cycle


of planning, implementing,
reviewing and improving the
processes and actions that
an organization undertakes
to meet its business and
environmental goals.

Most EMSs are built on the "Plan, Do, Check, Act" model.

1. Planning, including identifying environmental


aspects and establishing goals (PLAN)
2. Implementing, including training and operational
controls (DO)
3. Cheking, including monitoring and corrective
action (CHECK)
4. Reviewing, including progress reviews and acting
to make needed changes to the EMS (ACT)

Audit
Lingkunga
n

Standar adalah
Suatu dokumen publik yang sifatnya spesifik,
merupakan hasil kesepakatan
yang mengandung spesifikasi teknis atau
kriteria yang tepat dan dirancang untuk dapat
digunakan secara konsisten, sebagai pedoman,
arahan, atau definisi maupun pelayanan.
Standar mempunyai tujuan untuk meningkatkan
effisiensi, lebih menyederhanakan dan
menyeragamkan pedoman atau pelayanan

LOKAL ?

REGIONAL ?

GLOBAL

Tech. Barriers to trade


PRODUSEN

KONSUMEN

Terkait
dg. UU/
PP
LH
T

Perlu
Kinerja
Lingk

PERLU

PERLU

T
Y

Resiko
diprotes
T

PERLU
TIDAK PERLU

Amerika Serikat ANSI


J epang . JIS
Prancis AFNOR
Inggris BS
Tidak sama !
Indonesia SNI
Thailand .. ?
Nigeria ..?
Dll

ISO

What is ISO 14000?


ISO 14000 is a series of International
Environmental Management Standards.
They provide a framework for the
development of environmental
performance control for all types of
businesses and organizations,
as well as including guidelines on
environmental auditing.

ISO 14001 is the corner stone standard


to the series. It specifies the
requirements for an EMS for which a
third party can issue registration (also
known as certification).
It has been designed for use as a
management tool by all types of
organization, to enable them to minimise
their impact on the environment.

Conf. On H E
1972
(stockholm)

Sustainable Devlp.
Concept.

BCSD memerlukan
standar

I S O

Business Council for Sustainable Developmen


t
Sub commission
SCTecnical commission
1
SC2
207
SC3
Strategic advisory group on the Env.
SC-

SAGE

TC

ISO
14000

It is not an acronim
It is a name of NGO
Is the name of
International Organization for Standardization
Is a word, derived from the Greek

isos

(=equal)

ISO as the International Organization for Standardization is


a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from
some 140 countries, one from each country.
ISO is a non-governmental organization established in 1947.
The mission of ISO is to promote the development of
standardization and related activities in the world with a view
to facilitating the international exchange of goods and
services, and to developing cooperation in the spheres of
intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity.
ISO's work results in international agreements which are
published as International Standards.

Kartu Kredit
Peti kemas
Satuan : berat, volume, panjang, dll
Ukuran kertas (A4,A3, Folio, Kuarto, dll.)
Warna lampu kendaraan bermotor
Dan lain lain

Sistem Manajemen Lingkungan yang dalam pelaksanaannya


didukung oleh alat bantu tentang:
Environmental Audit :

Kajian pelaksanaan program lingkungan dan sistem


manajemen lingkungan
Environmental Performance Evaluation:

Evaluasi Kinerja lingkungan yang dicapai oleh


organisasi
Environmental Labelling:

Pemberian Label Lingkungan terhadap produk


Life Cycle Assessment :

Kajian tentang daur hidup produk, dari bahan mentah


sampai limbah

LINGKUP PENERAPAN ISO 14000


S.D.A
14020

Bh. Baku

Proses

Produk

14001 , 14010 , 14030

?
14010, 14030, 14040

Pasar

SERI ISO 14000

Seri ISO 14001


Sistem Manajemen Lingkungan

Seri ISO 14020


Pelabelan Lingkungan

Seri ISO 14010


Audit Lingkungan
Seri ISO 14030
Evaluasi Kinerja Lingkungan

Evaluasi Organisasi

Seri ISO 14040


Asesmen Daur Hidup
EVALUASI PRODUK

Seri ISO 14050 Vocabulary

STRUKTUR SERI ISO 14000


Alat Evaluasi dan Audit

Sistem Manajemen

Seri ISO 14010


Guidelines for
Env. Auditing

Seri ISO 14030


Env. Performance
Evaluation

Alat Bantu
Orientasi Produk

Seri ISO 14020


Env. Labelling
Seri 14001
Env.
Management
System

Seri ISO 14040


Life Cycle
Assessment

Seri ISO 14050 Term and Definitions

ISO-14000
ISO-14000
ISO 14000 family is made up of documents
which are generally applied at:
ORGANIZATIONAL LEVEL :
environmental management systems
environmental auditing
environmental performance evaluation
PRODUCT AND SERVICES :
environmental labelling and declaration
life cycle assessment

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