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The 27-Level Multilevel Inverter

for Solar PV Applications


Presentation by,
T.Anandkumar.
ME (PED) I Year
20/10/2015

CONTENTS

Introduction
Modeling of Multi level Inverters
27 Stage Multilevel Inverter Proposed System
Working principle of 3-ph 27 level Inverter
Switching Mode of operation
Switching Technique Multi Level Inverter
Inverter Efficiency
Conclusions
References

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ABSTRACT
Several advantages compared to their
conventional counterparts.
Provides Stepped AC voltage wave form with
lesser harmonics
By increasing Step levels the filter
components are reduced
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INTRODUCTION
Multilevel inverters are used in high power
applications .
Increasing the number of DC voltage Sources at
different range

Need of filters is reduced by increasing the voltage


level
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Continued
Each solar array provides different DC voltage
levels.
In high power applications, Cascaded inverter
can easily interface with Solar PV module and
fuel cells
Full bridge modules having the relationship of
1v, 3v, 9v..3s-1v for DC link Voltage
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SINGLE PHASE MULTILEVEL HBRIDGE INVERTER

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MODELING OF MULTI LEVEL


INVERTERS
For each full bridge inverter the output voltage
Voi = Vdc (S1i-S2i)
Voi - Output Voltage
Vdc - Input Voltage
S1i and S2i - upper switch of
each inverter
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For each full bridge inverter the output Current


Idci = Ia (S1i-S2i)
Io - Output current
Idci - Current at each cell

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27 STAGE MULTILEVEL INVERTER


PROPOSED SYSTEM
The inverter uses a standard three-leg and an
H-bridge with its DC source
It has three voltage sources as an input to the
three H-Bridges
Each H-bridge has a Semiconductor switches
like IGBT or MOSFET
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Continued
Two semiconductors are switched for one half
cycles
The switching for one positive cycle is as S1,
S4 and S5, S8 and S9, S12
Connecting the modules in series increase the
level to obtain sinusoidal waveform
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27 Level Multilevel Inverter PV Panel Array

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WORKING PRINCIPLE OF 3-PH 27


LEVEL INVERTER
The inverter uses a standard three-leg inverter
H-bridge with its DC source in series with each phase leg
Output voltage 1 (3v) of this first leg is goes to ON state
For a negative half cycle this leg is connected in series
with a full H-bridge

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Single phase of the 27 level Multilevel


inverter

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SWITCHING MODE OF OPERATION

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SWITCHING TECHNIQUE MULTI


LEVEL INVERTER
Several kinds of modulation control methods
are there
1.
2.
3.
4.

Traditional pulse width modulation


Space vector PWM
Harmonic optimization
Active harmonic elimination

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Continued
Sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM)
switching scheme is used
Fourier series expansion of the fundamental
frequency

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OUTPUT WAVEFORM

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INVERTER EFFICIENCY
Cascaded hybrid inverter efficiency is higher
for the applications
Switching losses are bigger than a
conventional inverter

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SELECTION OF VOLTAGE SOURCES


AND STAGES

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CONCLUSIONS
Harmonics was 30% in Existing system
Dramatically reduces the lower order harmonics of
3rd, 5th, Up to 13th
Total Harmonics Distortion of 3.04%
Project can be extended up to 81-level multilevel
inverter .
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REFERENCES

[1] K. M. Rahman, N. R. Patel, T. G. Ward, J. M. Nagashima, F.Caricchi,and F.


Crescimbini, Application of direct-drive wheel motor for fuel cell electric and hybrid
electric vehicle propulsion system, IEEE Trans. Ind.Appl., vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1185
1192, Sep/Oct. 2006.
[2] J. S. Lai and F. Z. Peng, Multilevel converters- A new breed of power converters,
IEEE Trans Ind. Appl., vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 3644, May/Jun.1996.
[3] L. M. Tolbert, F. Z. Peng, T. G. Habetler,Multilevel converters for large electric
drives, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol.35, no.1, Jan /Feb. 1999, pp.
36-44.
[4] J. S. Lai and F. Z. Peng, Multilevel converters- A new breed of power converters,
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 31, no.3, May./June 1997, pp. 509517.
[5] J. Rodrguez, J. Lai, and F. Peng, Multilevel inverters: a survey of topologies,
controls and applications, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 49, no. 4,
Aug. 2002, pp. 724-738.
[6] S. Onoda, A. Emadi, PSIM-based modeling of Auto motive power systems:
conventional, electric, and hybrid electric vehiclesIEEE Transactions on Vehicular
Technology, vol. 53, issue 2, 2004,pp. 390-395.
[7] D.Zhong, B.Ozpineci, L. M. Tolbert, J. N. Chiasson, Inductor less DC-AC cascaded
H-Bridge multilevel boost inverter for Electric/hybrid electric vehicle applications,
IEEE Industry Applications Conference, Sept. 2007, pp. 603-608.

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Thank You

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