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All about SCADA

BAGABUYO | CASIA | HERMIAS | LAGANG | TUASTUMABAN |


SANTOS | SINADOS

All about SCADA topics:


What is SCADA?
What are the advantages of SCADA over HMI?
System Concept of SCADA
RTU
Future trends in SCADA.
Process involving SCADA.

SCADA stands for:

Supervisory
Control
And
Data
Acquisition

generally refers to an industrial control


system(ICS).

It is a production automation and control system


based on PCs.

SCADA

History of SCADA
Telemetry and
control
Development

electric utility
systems

1940 1950

1960

1965

General Electric
and Control
Corporation
SCADA

Solid state
devices were
developed

1970
Advanced
Telemetry

What is the purpose of SCADA


The primary purpose of SCADA is:
to monitor
to control
Alarming functions
Data presentation
Data acquisition

SCADA

Where is SCADA used?


SCADA can be used to manage many kinds of equipment. Typically,
SCADA systems are used to automate complex industrial processes where
human control is impractical.
Manufacturing:
Buildings, facilities and environments:
Electric power generation, transmission and distribution:
Water and sewage:
Mass transit:
Traffic signals: SCADA regulates traffic lights, controls traffic flow and
detects out-of-order signals.

SCADA

PC

Ethernet
links

Direct serial
link

communication

fieldbus
Modem
Radio

External Instruments
and Control Devices

The advantages of:


Jhun Breza Mae Tuastumban

HMI

SCADA

SCADA/HMI building automation system


advantages
Using SCADA platforms for your building automation
system allows you to get exactly the features and
capabilities you want now and in the future as your
needs grow.
SCADA systems are powerful, robust and flexible.
SCADA is robust Manufacturers, water treatment and
other operations have been relying for decades on
SCADA systems to control their processes.

Integratability
Over the years, users have demanded that SCADA system developers
enable connectivity with the unlike systems and networks with their
plants.
This openness is highly beneficial for building automation systems with
the many diverse component systems to be integrated.
Flexibility
SCADA systems are scalable and upgradeable.
Reporting
Which reports do you want where at what time? Want to see status on
all your systems from any web browser anywhere, even from your
smartphone?
With SCADA, you can do it. As you can also, if you chose, enable
control over remote connections.

SCADA Alarms and Phone Dialer


Advantage has built in SCADA alarm manager and phone
dialer. Remote notification
Key Alarm Features
Support for three alarm levels: Notice, Warning, and Critical
Alarms are displayed on the flashing Alarm banner on the
toolbar, regardless of user's current view
Individual alarm messages can be configured on specific graphic
displays
Alarms can also be configured to produce an audio alert
Alarms are stored on a historical alarm page and can also be
logged to files and/or sent to a printer

System Concepts of SCADA


Riz Jayro Lagang
Stella Amor Hermias

System Concept of SCADA


SCADA
is a kind of software application
program used for the process
control and gather real time from
remote locations for exercising this
control on equipment and conditions.

System Concept of SCADA


COMPOSITION
Input/output signal
hardware

SCADA

System Concept of SCADA


Network

SCADA

System Concept of SCADA

Human Machine Interface (HMI)

SCADA

System Concept of SCADA

Controllers

Controllers

System Concept of SCADA

Database (A structured set of data held


in a computer, esp. one that is accessible
in various ways)

System Concept of SCADA


Communication and software
The SCADA consist of Hardware and
Software components.
The hardware collects and feed data into a
computer with SCADA software installed.
The data is then processed by the computer
before presenting it in a timely manner.
SCADA

SCADA SYSTEM
Signal hardware
(I/O)
controllers
User
interface
(HMI)

networks

Communications
Equipment and
software

System Concept of SCADA

CONTROL/ MONITOR FUNCTION

A system or the complete site is usually


spread over a long geographical
distance, SCADA is the central system
for control and monitor of such a site or
system.

SCADA

System Concept of SCADA

A Programmable Logic Controller


(PLC) or Remote Terminal Unit
automatically performs the main site
control process.

The host control functions in most


cases are limited to the capability of
supervisory level or site override.

SCADA

System Concept of SCADA

SCADA SUBSYSTEM
HMI-is the apparatus which presents the
process data to a human operator, and
through this, the human operator monitors
and control the process.
a supervisory(computer) system, gathering
(acquiring) data on the process and sending
commands(control) to the process.
SCADA

System Concept of SCADA

RTU-connecting to sensors on the process,


converting sensor signals and sending digital
data to the supervisory systems.

PLC-used as field devices because they are


more economical, versatile, flexible, and
configurable than special purpose RTU.

Communication infrastructure connecting the


supervisory system to the RTU.

System Concept of SCADA

System Concept of SCADA

System Concept of SCADA


Data Acquisition begins at the RTU or PLC level
and includes meter readings and equipment status
reports that are communicated to SCADA as
required.
Data is then compiled and formatted in such a way
that a control room operator using the HMI can
make supervisory decisions to adjust or override
normal RTU (PLC) controls.

SCADA

Remote Terminal Unit (RTU)


Jose Kiimer Bagabuyo
Ronald Anthony Santos

What is RTU?
Remote
Terminal
Unit

What is RTU?
An RTU monitors the field digital and analog parameters and
transmits data to the Central Monitoring Station. It contains setup
software to connect data input streams to data output streams,
define communication protocols, and troubleshoot installation
problems.
An RTU may consist of one complex circuit card consisting of
various sections needed to do a custom fitted function or may
consist of many circuit cards including CPU or processing with
communications interface(s), and one or more of the following:
(AI) analog input, (DI) digital input, (DO/CO) digital or control
(relay) output, or (AO) analog output card(s).

SCADA

RTU
a microprocessor-controlled electronic device that
interfaces objects in the physical world to a distributed
control system or SCADA (supervisory control and data
acquisition) system by transmitting telemetry data to a
master system, and by using messages from the master
supervisory system to control connected objects.
Another term that may be used for RTU is remote
telemetry unit, the common usage term varies with the
application area generally.

Two basic types of RTU:


1. Single board RTU

2. Modular RTU

SCADA

Single board RTU


which is compact, and contains all I/O on
a single board. The single board RTU
normally has fixed I/O (eg.16 digital inputs, 8
digital outputs, 8 analogue inputs, and say 4
analogue outputs).

Modular RTU
which has a separate CPU module, and can
have other modules added, normally by
plugging into a common "backplane" (a bit like a
PC motherboard and plug in peripheral cards) is
designed to be expanded by adding additional
modules.

ARCHITECTURE

Architecture
1.1 Power supply
1.2 Digital or Status inputs
1.3 Analog inputs
1.4 Digital (control) outputs
1.5 Analog outputs
1.6 Software and logic control
1.7 Communications
1.7.1 IED communications
1.7.2 Master communications

SCADA

Comparison with other control


systems
RTUs differ from programmable logic controllers (PLCs) in that
RTUs are more suitable for wide geographical telemetry.
RTUs, PLCs and DCS are increasingly beginning to overlap in
responsibilities, and many vendors sell RTUs with PLC-like
features and vice versa.
In addition, some vendors now supply RTUs with comprehensive
functionality pre-defined, sometimes with PLC extensions and/or
interfaces for configuration.
Some suppliers of RTUs have created simple graphical user
interfaces GUI to enable customers to configure their RTUs easily.
In some applications data loggers are used in similar applications.
SCADA

Applications of RTU
Remote monitoring of functions and instrumentation for:
Oil and gas (offshore platforms, onshore oil wells).
Networks of pump stations (wastewater collection, or for water
supply).
Environmental monitoring systems
(pollution, air quality, emissions monitoring).
Mine sites.
Air traffic equipment such as navigation aids.
SCADA

Applications of RTU
Remote monitoring and control of functions and
instrumentation for:
Hydro-graphic (water supply, reservoirs, sewerage systems).
Electrical power transmission networks and associated
equipment.
Natural gas networks and associated equipment.
Outdoor warning sirens.
SCADA

FUTURE TRENDS IN SCADA

Julius Jay Sinados

FUTURE TRENDS IN SCADA


First generation: "Monolithic
Second generation: "Distributed
Third generation: "Networked"

FUTURE TRENDS IN SCADA


First generation: "Monolithic"

In the first generation, computing was done by mainframe computers.


Networks did not exist at the time SCADA was developed.
Thus SCADA systems were independent systems with no connectivity
to other systems. Wide Area Networks were later designed by RTU
vendors to communicate with the RTU.
The first-generation SCADA system was redundant since a back-up
mainframe system was connected at the bus level and was used in the
event of failure of the primary mainframe system.

SCADA

FUTURE TRENDS IN SCADA


Second generation: "Distributed"
The processing was distributed across multiple stations which were
connected through a LAN and they shared information in real time.
Each station was responsible for a particular task thus making the
size and cost of each station less than the one used in First
Generation.

SCADA

FUTURE TRENDS IN SCADA


Third generation: "Networked"
Due to the usage of standard protocols and the fact
that many networked SCADA systems are accessible
from the Internet, the systems are potentially
vulnerable to remote attack.

SCADA

PICTURES DAPAT

SAMPLE PROCESS INVOLVING


SCADA

TEAM SCADA

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