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A qualitative study on the

effectiveness of the bus ban

implemented in Manila and
its impact to general commuters
of Quezon City

Presented by:
Mark Mathean G. Mesina
Zhara Pauline R. Ortua
Elthon John F. Tiamsim
Christian Paulo L. Vergara

Chapter 1

1.1 Introduction
Traffic is one of the major problems
in the Philippines especially in the
city of Manila.
The traffic became an integrated part
in the city peoples life and
eventually, they learned to live with

1.1 Introduction
Over the years, many had proposed
a possible solution to the citys
Current mayor of Manila, Joseph
Estrada, together with his vice
mayor, Isko Moreno, are the latest
ones who seek possible answer to
the problem.

1.1 Introduction

As of July 23, 2013, the Resolution

No. 48, authored by Councilor Manuel
Zarcal, is implemented.

1.1 Introduction
The traffic in Manila had decreased.
The roads are not blocked with the
buses loading and unloading their

1.1 Introduction
The bus ban created a great havoc in
the side of Quezon City.
Banned buses must make a U-turn at
Welcome Rotunda and head back to
Quezon City

1.1 Introduction
Extreme inconvenience with the
commuters and bus operators.
Alternative means of transportation.
Decrease in profit of the bus

1.1 Introduction
The researchers will make a
Impact on bus ban
Inconvenience is essential for future
resolution of the traffic problem

1.2 Significance of the

This study is significant in order
(1) fully understand the content of
the resolution implemented
regarding the bus ban in Manila;
(2) know the effects of bus ban to the

1.2 Significance of the

(3) know if the bus ban is effective or
(4) provide other possible solutions to
heavy traffic in Manila;
and (5) give knowledge to future
researches dealing with same type of

1.3. Objectives
Main objective
Know the impact and effectiveness of
the implemented bus ban to the
commuters coming from Quezon City.

1.3. Objectives
Specifically aims to :
Determine the volume of public
utility buses coming from Quezon
City before and after the bus ban was

1.3. Objectives
Determine the problem/s
experienced by the commuters
travelling after the bus ban will be

1.3. Objectives
Determine the number of commuters
who concludes that the said bus ban
is effective or not effective
Propose possible solutions that can
help lessen the problems
experienced by the commuters that
enter Manila

1.4 Scope and Limitations

The scope of the study will cover the
analysis of traffic occurring along
Espaa Boulevard.

1.4 Scope and Limitations

The survey that will be conducted is
limited to general commuters of
Quezon City
- entering Manila (thru FairviewQuiapo route) who are aware of the
bus ban implementation

1.4 Scope and Limitations

- travelling at peak hours in the
morning and afternoon,
seven oclock to nine
oclock in the morning and five
oclock to seven
oclock in the

1.5 Conceptual Framework

Gathering of data
from the local
government of
Manila and other
reliable resources
Gathering of Data
from local and
foreign related

Analysis of
the survey
and data
using basic

Results based
from the
interviews and

Chapter 3

3.1 Research Methodology

Descriptive Study Methodology
Slovens Formula
Questionnaire and Interview

3.1 Research Methodology

Qualitative effect of the bus ban
limitation in Manila
Benefits to the nearby cities
especially Manila

3.2 Data Collection

1200 commuters travelling
southbound lane will be used as sample
Survey time is from 7:00 9:00 am
and 5:00 7:00 pm

3.2 Data Collection

Survey will be conducted on Fairview,
Quezon City up to PHILCOA
Other data will be collected from LGUs
(such as MMDA and LTO)

3.3 Method of Analysis

Basic statistical method will be used

Area where survey will be conducted

(Fairview, Quezon City PHILCOA)