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MATHEMATICS

Prepared by:

Grace B. Ulgasan

Review:
Increasing and Decreasing
Order of numbers

Increasing order:
Arranged from smallest to the
largest numbers.

Decreasing order:
Arranged from largest to the smallest
numbers.

Arrange me
Directions:
Arrange the given numbers into
increasing and decreasing order.

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ACTIVITY:

Increasing
order

1. 2,5,3

2. 6,2,4

3. 8,10,13

4. 9,6,5

2 ,3 , 5

Decreasing
order

5, 3 , 2

2 , 4, 6

8 , 10 , 13
5,6, 9

6, 4 , 2
13 , 10 , 8
9, 6 , 5

Directions:
Find the product.
1.

14 x 52 = 728

2.

121 x 42 = 5,082

3.

100 x 20 = 2,000

4.

0.002 x 11 =

0.022

OBJECTIVES:
At the end of a 45-minute period, the
students should be able to:
a. determine the significant digits in a
given situation,
b. show cooperation in the group
activity, and
c. write very large and very small
numbers in scientific notation.

SIGNIFICANT DIGITS
AND SCIENTIFIC
NOTATION

Significant digits/significant figuresRefers to the number of important

single digits.
Rules in determining the number of significant
digits:

Ex.

2781

82.973

2. In between zeros are ALWAYS significant.

Ex.

20.1
has 3 significant digits
79002
has 5 significant digits

3. Leading zeros are NEVER significant.

Ex.

0.012
has 2 significant digits
0.0000009
has 1 significant digit

4. Trailing zeros are SOMETIMES significant.

0123456789

Examples:

560000
has 2 significant digits
560000.
has 6 significant digits

TAKE NOTE:
-The digits that are not significant are the
zeros before a non-zero digit and zeros at
the end of numbers without the decimal
point.

Directions: Determine the significant

digits in each product.
1.14 x 52 = 728
2.121 x 42 = 5,082
3.100 x 20 = 2,000
4.0.002 x 11 = 0.022
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SCIENTIFIC NOTATION

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Steps in writing a Number in

Scientific Notation:
1.

Move the decimal point to the right or left until

after the first significant digits, and copy the
significant digits to the right of the first digit. If
the number is a whole number and has no decimal
point, place a decimal point after the first
significant digit and copy the significant digits to
its right.

Example:
300 000 000 has 1 significant digit,
which is 3. Place a
decimal point after 3, (3.0).
The first significant digit in 0.000 000 089
is 8 and so place a decimal
point after 8, (8.9).

2. Multiply the adjusted number in step 1 by a

power of 10, the exponent of
which is the number of digits that the decimal
point moved, positive if moved
to the left and negative if moved to the right.

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INDIVIDUAL ACTIVITY
DIRECTIONS:
Write very large and very small
numbers in scientific notation.
1.) 0.00000576
2.) 234 000 000

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GROUP ACTIVITY

OBJECTIVE:
Determine the number of significant digits.
PROCEDURES:
a. Count the number of significant digits in each number.
1. 61.608
2. 92001
3. 25.0
4. 960 000
5. 0.0096
ANALYSIS QUESTION:
-Why 0.0096 has 2 significant digits?

GENERALIZATION
Directions:
Write the number of significant digits on the first
column and their scientific notation in the second
column.
NUMBER OF
SIGNIFICANT
DIGITS

SCIENTIFIC
NOTATION

1.) 0.00430
2.) 780 000
3.) 0.0000018

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EVALUATION
Directions:
In 1/2 sheet of paper answer the following:
1. A runner runs the last 45m of a race in 6s. How many
significant figures will the runners speed have?
2. A year is 356.25 days, and a decade has exactly 10 years in
it. How many significant figures should you see to express the
number of days in two decades?
3. Write this number in scientific notation.
a. 897 000 000
b. 0.0000000067

ASSIGNMENT
DIRECTIONS:
Round off the following quantities to the
specified number of significant figures.
1. 5,487,129 m to three significant figures.
2. 192.6739 to five significant figures.
3. 786.9164 cm to two significant figures.

THANK YOU