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DAM 21102

ENGINEERING MATERIAL
SELECTION
CHAPTER 1 :
INTRODUCTION TO
MATERIAL SELECTION

En. Muhammad Hanafi Bin


Asril Rajo Mantari
Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

1.0 Introduction to Materials Selection:

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

Methods of Selection
Materials in Design
Evolution in Engineering Materials
Sources of Information

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

1.1 METHODS OF
SELECTION

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

Classical method is more specified,


more global, high cost, required
longer
time
to
complete
the
selection and need to do a prototype
test.
Imitative and Comparison method
are faster and involve low cost,
however they are more suitable for
an experience person or designer.

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

1.2 MATERIALS IN DESIGN


Design
A process of translating new idea or a
market need into the detailed
information from which a product can
be manufactured.
#How to choose material when designing a
product???

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

The process for the selection


of the material depends on
the stage of the design:
1.

initial design one need to consider wide range of


material
final design - required more accurate information to
choose between a few materials and to make the
final accurate design

2.

FUNCTION
(Fungsi)

The Choice
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

The process to shape the


product
Process for finishing
Properties of the material
selected
Cost of the product
Aesthetics

MATERIALS
(bahan)

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

PROCESS
(proses)

SHAPE
(Bentuk)

IDEA

Complex solid, long, short, hollow


Concentric, non-hollow concentric,
Solid non concentric, cup, dish, cone,
Spirals, repititive, flat, bent, flanged

Low temp limit


High temp limit
Joining method
Process characteristics
Quantity, Size,
Precision,
Complexity, Finish,
Cost

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

Component
category
Shape
category
Operational
factors

Housings, covers, gears, bolts,


Bearings, wear surfaces,
Electrostructural, thermostructural,
Insulators, conductors, large
Mechanical, springs, clips, force
Absobers, light transmitters

Environment resistance
Surface coating
Cost allowance

Materials characteristics

Candidate materials & processes


Materials data & optimisation

Stability, Stiffness,
Density, Max. Stress,
Toughness, Cost

1.3 EVOLUTION IN
ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

OLUTION IN ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Car Engine Parts


-Metals to Polymer- filter box casing, certain parts - pipin
valve, sensors,

Classic Ford Engine-Ford 351


#Why polymer???
Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

Ford Mustang Engine

EVOLUTION IN ENGINEERING MATERIALS


Aeroplanes
-Metal to composites, from 30%-80%, e.g: Fuselage, radome, spoiler, aileron
etc

Boeing 737 with metal fuselage

Boeing 737 with composites

#Why composite???
Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

EVOLUTION IN ENGINEERING MATERIALS


Bicycle
-Metal to composites-frame, handle bar, crankshaft, etc

Metal frame

Composite frame

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

1.4 SOURCES OF
INFORMATION
An engineer or designer - should have a
sufficient knowledge and information
about materials and their properties.
Standard ASTM (American Society for
Testing & Material), BS (British
Standard), DIN, JIS, MS etc.
Software - CES, NOVA, PERITUS etc.

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

......FINISH ......
THank you
I can calculate the movement of
stars, but not the madness of
men.
Sir Isaac Newton

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

#Do you know Sir Isaac


Newton lost 3 000 000 in
1720s

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015