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DAM 21102

ENGINEERING MATERIALS SELECTION


WEEK 9 :
MATERIALS SELECTION CHART (1)
En. Muhammad Hanafi Bin
Asril Rajo Mantari

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

MATERIALS CLASSES
No.

Material

Class

Metals

ductile, tough and electrical conductors

Ceramics and Glass

hard, brittle and corrosion resistant

Polymers and
elastomers

light, easily shaped and electrical


insulators

Composites

combine the attractive properties of


the other classes of materials while
avoiding some of their drawbacks.
Usually they are light, stiff and
strong, and they can be tough

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

Figure 2 shows much more information is


displayed by an alternative way of plotting
properties.
One property (eg: Modulus, E) is plotted against
another (density, ) on logarithmic scales.
Data for a given class of materials (polymer for
example) cluster together on the chart.

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

Figure 2:
The idea of a
Materials Property
Chart (M.F. Ashby,
1999)

Table 1: Materials classes and members of each class (M.F. Ashby, 1999)

Class

Members

Short name

Engineering Alloys
(The metals and alloys of
engineering)

Aluminium alloys
Copper alloys
Lead alloys
Magnesium alloys
Molybdenum alloys
Nickel alloys
Steels
Tin alloys
Titanium alloys
Tungsten alloys
Zinc alloys

Al alloys
Cu alloys
Lead aloys
Mg alloys
Mo alloys
Ni alloys
Steels
Tin alloys
Ti alloys
W alloys
Zn alloys

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

Class

Members

Short name

Engineering Polymers
(The thermoplastics
and thermosets of
engineering)

Epoxies
Melamines
Polycarbonate
Polyesters
Polyethylene, high density
Polyethylene, low density
Polyformaldehyde
Polymethylmethacrylate
Polypropylene
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Polyvinylchloride

EP
MEL
PC
PEST
HDPE
LDPE
PF
PMMA
PP
PTFE
PVC

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

Class

Members

Short name

Engineering Ceramics
(Fine ceramics capable of
load-bearing application)

Alumina
Diamond
Sialons
Silicon Carbide
Silicon Nitride
Zirconia

Al2O3

Brick
Cement
Common rocks
Concrete
Porcelain
Pottery

Brick
Cement
Rocks
Concrete
Pcln
Pot

Porous Ceramics
(Traditional ceramics,
cements, rocks and
minerals)

Glasses
(ordinary silicate glass)

Borosilicate glass
Soda glass
Silica
Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

C
Sialons
SiC
Si3N4
ZrO2

B-glass
Na-glass
SiO2
7

Class

Members

Short
name

Engineering Composites
(The composites of engineering
practice). A distinction is
drawn between the properties
of ply UNIPLY and of a
laminate LAMINATES

Carbon fibre reinforced


polymer
Glass fibre reinforced
polymer
Kevlar fibre reinforced
polymer

CFRP

Woods
(separate envelopes describe
properties parallel to the grain
and normal to it, and wood
products)

Ash
Balsa
Fir
Oak
Pine
Wood products (ply, etc)

Ash
Balsa
Fir
Oak
Pine
Woods

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

GFRP
KFRP

Class

Members

Short name

Elastomers
(Natural and artificial rubbers)

Natural rubber
Hard Butyl rubber
Polyurethanes
Silicon rubber
Soft Butyl rubber

Rubber
Hard Butyl
PU
Silicone
Soft Butyl

Polymer Foams
(Foamed polymers of
engineering)

Cork
Polyester
Polystyrene
Polyurethane

Cork
PEST
PS
PU

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

THE MATERIAL SELECTION


CHARTS

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

10

Figure 3: The
modulusdensity chart

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

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Figure 4: The
Strengthdensity chart
Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

12

Figure 5: The
modulus
Strength chart
Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

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......FINISH ......
THank you

Hanafi,JKM,PPD,2015

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