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Safety Excellence

Excavations

SubpartP
Onehour

Safety Excellence

Why the Training?


Peoplediein

excavations!

SeeFatalFacts

Safety Excellence

What We Will Cover


Regulations
CompetentPerson

Qualifications
Responsibilities

HazardsofExcavations

Safety Excellence

What We Will Cover


SoilClassifications
ProtectiveSystems

Sloping
Shoring

Inspections
EmergencyResponse

Safety Excellence

Regulations

AppointCompetentPerson
SoilevaluationsbyCompetentPerson
DailyInspectionsbyCompetentPerson
Shoringandslopingevaluationsby
CompetentPerson
StopWorkAuthorityofCompetentPerson

Safety Excellence

Competent Person
"Competentperson"meansonewhois

capableofidentifyingexistingand
predictablehazardsinthesurroundingsor
workingconditionswhichareunsanitary,
hazardous,ordangeroustoemployees,and
whohasauthorizationtotakeprompt
correctivemeasurestoeliminatethem.
Safety Excellence

Competent Person
Qualifications

Knowledgeofsoilsandsoilclassification
Understandsdesignanduseofprotectivesystems
Abilitytorecognizeandtesthazardousatmospheres
Documentedtraining
Priorexcavationexperience

Safety Excellence

Competent Person
Responsibilities

Sitesafetybriefingsonexcavationsafety
Dailyexcavationinspections
Morefrequentifconditionschange(e.g.
freeze/thaw,rain,vibration)

Physicallylocatedattheexcavation
STOP WORK AUTHORITY!!!

Safety Excellence

Excavation Hazards

Surface
encumbrances
Utilities
Access/Egress
Vehicletraffic
Fallingloads
Mobileequipment

Safety Excellence

Hazardous
atmospheres
Wateraccumulation
Adjacentstructures
Looserockorsoil
Falls
Cavein

Surface Encumbrances
Needtoberemovedorsupported
e.g.fencing,piping,structure,

materials

Safety Excellence

Utilities
Underground

Locatepriortodigging
Certifydeactivation
Protect,support,orremove

Safety Excellence

Utilities
Aboveground

Deenergizeor
Isolationfrom
powerlines

Safety Excellence

Access/Egress

Note:Poorhousekeeping#1causeofslips,
tripsandfallsonconstructionprojects

Debriskeptclearedfromworkareas
Markhazards
Barricadeorcoverholes

Egressprovided

25traveldistance
Ladders(atleast2)
ramps
stairs

Safety Excellence

Vehicle Traffic
TrafficControl
TrafficSafetyVests

Safety Excellence

Exposure to Falling Loads


Noworkunderloads
Operatorsremainincab

Safety Excellence

Mobile Equipment
Warningsystem

Barricades
Handsignals
Mechanicalsignals
Stoplogs
Gradeawayfromexcavation

Safety Excellence

Hazardous Atmospheres

Test@4ifsuspected

LEL
Oxygen
CO
H2S
Petroleum
Othertoxics

Safety Excellence

Ventilation
Displacehazardousgases
andvapors
Considerations

Heavierthanairorlighter
thanaircontaminant
Exhaustingorblowingin
Volume/timerequiredto
lowerconcentrationsto
acceptablelevels

Safety Excellence

Water Accumulation

Protectionfromhazards
associatedwithwater
accumulation

Safety Excellence

Protectionagainstcavein
Waterremoval(pumping)
Runoffprotection
Considertemporaryshutoffof
waterlines

Adjacent Structures
Ensurestructurestability

Shoring
Bracing
Underpinning
OrevaluationbyP.E.

Safety Excellence

Loose Rock and Soil

Protectionof
employeesfromloose
rockorsoil

Scaling
Protectivebarriers
Placingmaterialat
least2fromedge
Noworkonslopes
aboveworkers

Safety Excellence

Fall Protection
Anysurface6feetormoreabovealower

levelshallbeprotectedby:

walkwayswithguardrailsystems
personalfallarrestsystems

Otheroptionsinclude:

warninglinessystems
safetymonitoringsystems

Safety Excellence

Cave-in

Protectionfrom
caveinrequiresa
systematicapproach
including:

Soilclassification
Protectivesystems
Inspection
Employeetraining

Safety Excellence

An oh
sh_t!

Soil Classification
SoilClassification(TypeA,B,orC)

determinesconstructionofprotective
system:

Slopingorbenching
Shoring
Timbershoring
Aluminumshoring

Safety Excellence

Protective Systems

Requiredunless:

Excavationinstable
rock
Excavationlessthan5
(4somestates)and
examinationby
CompetentPerson
determinesnopotential
forcavein

Safety Excellence

- YO!

Protective Systems

OptionsInclude:

Slopingandbenching
Shoring/sheetpiling/
shielding(e.g.trench
boxes)
DesignedbyP.E.if
deeperthan20

Safety Excellence

Simple Sloping
TypeA3/4:1

TypeB1:1

TypeC1:1

Safety Excellence

Benching
TypeA

TypeB

(cohesivesoil)
TypeC

Safety Excellence

NA

Shoring
BasedonManufacturerdata
DesignedbyaP.E.

Safety Excellence

Timber Shoring Installations


Requiressoilclassification
Basedondepthandwidth
oftrench
Consulttablesforspecson

Safety Excellence

Crossbraces
Wales
Uprights

Aluminum Shoring Installations


AppendixDofOSHA
regulations
Requiressoilclassification
Basedondepthandwidthof
trench
Consulttablesforspecson

Hydrauliccylinders
Wales
Uprights

Safety Excellence

Shields (i.e. Trench Boxes)

Safety Excellence

Protective Systems

Installation

Safety Excellence

Securelyconnected
Employeesclearofarea
undershieldsduring
installation
Installedtoprevent
movement
Mustprotectemployees
whileenteringexcavation

Protective Systems

Removal

Employeesclearof
areaundershields
duringremoval
Shoringremovedfrom
thebottomup,
SLOWLY!
Backfillwithremoval

Safety Excellence

Excavation Inspections
DailyInspectionsofALLexcavationsby

CompetentPerson

Startofshift,asneeded,followingrainstormsorother
hazardincreasingevent

Possiblecaveins
Protectivesystemfailure
Wateraccumulation
Hazardousatmospheres

Competentpersonhasauthoritytoremoveworkers
fromtheexcavation

Safety Excellence

Excavation Rescue

Safety Excellence

Excavation Rescue

Safety Excellence

Excavation Rescue

InitialSizeup

Typeofincident?
Cavein,flooding,medical,fire,spill

Injuries?
Numberandtype

Safety Excellence

Missingpersonnel?
Chemical(orsewage)exposures?
Safetyofexcavationforrescuers?

Excavation Rescue
Notify:

Fieldpersonnel
EmergencyCoordinator
FireDepartment
PoliceDepartment
EmergencyMedicalServices(EMS)/Hospital

Safety Excellence

Excavation Rescue
Stabilizecavein
Controlflooding
Hazardous
Atmospheres?

Ventilate
SCBA
Safetyharnessandline
Basketstretcher

Safety Excellence

Excavation Rescues
Thebestrescueistheoneyouneverhaveto

make!

Practiceproperprocedures
Makesureeverythingissafebeforeanybodygoes
in!
DONT ROLL THE DICE!!!

Safety Excellence